Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Integrated sustainable design for hotels and resorts in Asia

13,136 views

Published on

Integrated sustainable design for hotels and resorts in Asia

Published in: Engineering
  • Be the first to comment

Integrated sustainable design for hotels and resorts in Asia

  1. 1. Integrated sustainable design for hotels and resorts in Asia Jeff Robinson Sustainable Buildings Leader jeffrey.robinson@aurecongroup.com
  2. 2. 2 Aurecon and its knowledge of the hospitality sector
  3. 3. 3 +7,500 staff +1.0bn revenue +38 offices +83 country footprint
  4. 4. 4 Our experience – hotels, resorts and casinos The Colosseum Luxury Suite Hotel, Cape Town, South Africa Manhattan Suites Hotel, Century City, Crown Towers Hotel, Melbourne Crowne Plaza Hotel, Singapore Cape Town Pearl Jeddah, Dubai, UAE Katara Phase IV, Doha, Qatar The Shanghai Tower, China The Hilton Hotel, Sydney Crown Metropole Hotel Mandela Rhodes Place Hotel, Cape Town
  5. 5. 5 Our experience – hotels, resorts and casinos Holliday Inn Kunming City Centre, China Sun City,South Africia Swatch Art Centre Peace Hotel ,Shanghai Madinat Jumeirah , Dubai Millenium Hotel Asoke, Bangkok Burj Dubai – Old Town Residential: Business Hotels A & B (Dubai)
  6. 6. 6 Sustainability is gaining traction in the hospitality sector
  7. 7. 7 Why is sustainability important in the hospitality sector? • Sustainability outcomes mean environmental, social and economic outcomes – delivers value in all markets • Sustainability is a proxy for high quality built environments – that enhance customer experience and help with staff recruitment, retention and productivity • Sustainability means inspiring architecture and spaces, with high quality, well-lit, biophilic environments • Sustainability is a key driver of innovation - encourages lower cost solutions and increase efficiency • Encourages stakeholder engagement and involvement – builds a strong constituency of support • Creates market differentiation and generates high levels of earned media
  8. 8. 8 What are hotels doing when it comes to sustainability? Many Hotel groups have sought to Brand their sustainability activities to better communicate with their Guests • PLANET 21: 7 pillars, 21 commitments and objectives in 92 countries • Hyatt Thrive is Hyatt's global corporate responsibility platform, consisting of programs such as “Meet and Be Green”, responsible purchasing requirements and linen reuse program – click for full list • Light Stay is Hilton Hotel’s digital performance platform to measure sustainability performance across 200 indicators • Green engage is IHG’s comprehensive online sustainability system • Starwood Hotels’ Global Initiatives Program focuses on the environment and the communities they are part of • Fairmont Hotels’ Green Partnership’s Program focuses on improvements in waste management, sustainability, and energy and water conservation at their properties, and innovative community outreach programs involving local groups and partnerships • Crown Melbourne’s Eco-Shoots Program, life cycle impact assessment for water, waste and energy use
  9. 9. 9 Marketing sustainable hotels Example: Element Hotels by Westin
  10. 10. 10 Naturally treated Swimming pool facing onto wetland Marketing sustainable hotels Example: Hotel Verde, Cape Town Green Wall and separate Hydroponic Garden
  11. 11. 11 Sustainable tourism is also gaining popularity The Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC) serves as the international body for establishing and managing standards for sustainable tourism. GSTC recognised standards include:
  12. 12. 12 Sustainable tourism cont. “Just look for leaf” The TripAdvisor GreenLeaders Programme showcases a variety of eco-friendly hotels and B&Bs, from budget to luxury – that are committed to green practices like recycling, water efficiency and alternative energy
  13. 13. 13 Other sustainability rating tools throughout the world include:
  14. 14. 14 There are a total of 98 LEED certified Hotels listed on the USGBC project directory: • 20 Certified, 31 Silver, 34 Gold and 13 Platinum Global Breakdown of LEED-rated Hotels % Breakdown of LEED-certified Hotels LEED Gold Ratings Rating System USA Crosby Street Hotel New Construction USA The Springs Hotel New Construction USA h2hotel New Construction USA Hotel Carlton Existing Buildings USA Waldorf Towers Hotel Commercial Interiors USA Orleans Hotel and Arena Existing Buildings USA Davenport Hotel and Tower Existing Buildings USA George Mason University Hotel & Conf Ctr New Construction USA West 42nd Street Hotel & Residence New Construction USA Kimpton Hotel Monaco - Philadelphia Commercial Interiors USA Clifton Hotel South Beach New Construction USA Hotel Indigo at the Rialto Center New Construction USA CityFlats Hotel - Charter House Holdings New Construction USA Holiday Inn Hotel & Suites New Construction USA Hotel Andaluz (La Posada Hotel) New Construction USA Esquire Hotel New Construction USA Dallas Convention Center Hotel New Construction USA Vdara Condo Hotel (CityCenter) New Construction USA Montage Hotel Beverly Hills New Construction USA ARIA Hotel Tower (CityCenter) New Construction CHN EAST Beijing Hotel New Construction CHN Guiyang Convention Center-Hotel New Construction HKG Rosedale Hotel Kowloon New Construction TWN The Riviera Hotel Existing Buildings COL Aloft Hotel Bogota Airport New Construction CRI Hotel 6-30 New Construction DEU Innside Premium Hotel Dresden Existing Buildings GTM Kawilal Hotel New Construction LKA Cinnamon Bey Hotel New Construction UAE Istithmar Budget Hotels LLC New Construction Snapshot of LEED Gold Rated Hotels LEED certified hotels
  15. 15. The Centre for Hospitality Research at Cornell University found in their July 2014 report that the financial performance of 93 LEED-certified hotels compared to that of 514 comparable competitors finds that the certified hotels obtained superior financial performance as compared to their non-certified competitors, for at least the first two years after certification 15 The impact of LEED certification on hotels
  16. 16. 16 Integrating sustainable design elements into hotels and resorts
  17. 17. 17 Minimise operational costs • Energy • Water • Waste (solid & liquid) • Maintenance • Parts and equipment • Resilience The guest experience • Maximum comfort (thermal, acoustic, visual and sensory) • Unobtrusive sustainability Staff wellbeing • Maximum comfort • Superior safety • Ease of use (plant and equipment) Key engineering considerations
  18. 18. 18 Summary of sustainable design strategies Optimise orientation of building High quality façade • Appropriate glazing area, glass performance and shading • Appropriate levels of insulation, appropriate acoustic properties • Make buildings air tight Energy efficient lighting Energy efficient equipment (e.g. mini bars, audio-visual equipment) Energy efficient mechanical systems with appropriate zoning • Energy use in hotels, hotel space typology • Climate appropriate design Ongoing monitoring
  19. 19. 19 Optimise orientation of building Sustainable buildings start with proper site selection • Orient buildings to be able to integrate passive and active solar strategies • Maximise daylight use, balancing potentially higher heating and cooling demand resulting from increased glazing • Transport oriented design, public transport, cycling facilities and electric vehicle infrastructure • Maximise the use of existing trees and other vegetation to shade walkways, parking lots, and other open areas The location of a building affects a wide range of environmental factors – as well as other factors such as security, accessibility, and energy consumption, energy consumed by transportation needs of occupants for commuting, the impact on local ecosystems, and the use/reuse of existing structures and infrastructures
  20. 20. 20 High quality façade (glazing selection) City Façade Response Beijing Double or triple glazed, low-e, high visual transmittance, moderate SHGC, thermally broken frames Shanghai Double glazed, low-e, moderate visual transmittance, moderate SHGC, thermally broken frames Hong Kong / Macau Double glazing, tinted or clear, moderate visual transmittance, moderate SHGC, thermally broken frames Singapore Double glazing, tinted or clear, moderate visual transmittance, low SHGC. Single glazing is not permissible under Singaporean building regulations Shanghai Tower Hotel Eclat Beijing – Triple glazed façade (LEED Platinum) External automated shading
  21. 21. 21 High quality façade (modelling of building façade) Confirm and optimise design performance: • Daylight penetration • Daylight glare control • Thermal comfort • Space temperature • Radiant heat • Humidity • Air movement and distribution using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for complex designs • Energy performance • Energy sub metering strategy
  22. 22. 22 Energy efficient lighting Lighting • LED lighting throughout • BMS & ‘plugwise’ controls (allowing remote access, monitoring and control • Integration with graphics and branding is key
  23. 23. 23 Energy efficient equipment • Selecting high efficiency equipment • Minimising unnecessary stand-by time • Automated shut-off, smart sensor systems Australia Singapore
  24. 24. 24 Energy efficient mechanical systems with appropriate zoning 1. Public Area Includes areas such as reception hall, lobby, bars, restaurants, swimming pools, etc. Spaces with a high rate of heat exchange with the outdoor environment • High internal loads (e.g. occupants, equipment and lighting) 2. Service Area Includes areas such as kitchens, offices, store rooms, laundry, technical facilities etc. • Energy intensive areas typically requiring advanced air handling (ventilation, cooling, heating) 3. Guest Rooms Bedrooms, bathrooms/showers and toilets • Often feature extensive glazing, high thermal losses • Varying energy loads
  25. 25. 25 Appropriate HVAC System Equal need for both Heating and Cooling Simultaneous Heating & Cooling required in Autumn and Spring (‘Shoulder Months’) Air-Conditioning equipment will need ; Heating Hot water pipes Chilled Water pipes Ideally provide 4 Pipe Fan Coil Units for bedrooms to maintain optimum comfort conditions Or Façade Zoned 2 pipe Fan Coil Units Beijing Climate
  26. 26. 26 Appropriate HVAC System Demand for Humidity control – Provided by fresh air system Simultaneous Heating & Cooling required in Autumn and Spring (‘Shoulder Months’) Air-Conditioning equipment will need ; Heating Hot water pipes Chilled Water pipes Ideally provide 4 Pipe Fan Coil Units for bedrooms to maintain optimum comfort conditions Or Façade Zoned 2 pipe Fan Coil Units Shanghai Climate
  27. 27. 27 Appropriate HVAC System Demand for Humidity control Primarily cooling , with dehumidified air supplied using the fresh air system Air-Conditioning equipment will need ; Chilled Water pipes Electric Reheat 2 Pipe Fan Coil Units with electric reheat for bedrooms required to maintain comfort conditions Hong Kong Climate
  28. 28. 28 Appropriate HVAC System Demand for Humidity control Primarily cooling , with dehumidification using the fresh air system Air-Conditioning equipment will need ; Chilled Water pipes 2 Pipe Fan Coil Units for bedrooms required to maintain comfort conditions Singapore Climate
  29. 29. 29 Ongoing monitoring Sub-metering and Monitoring • Monitor based on building history or simulated targets • Sub-meters for major plant and energy users • Categories • Electricity • Water • Thermal energy
  30. 30. 30 Additional design elements for enhancing sustainability
  31. 31. 31 Co-generation and tri-generation • Generate power using gas and use waste heat for heating and hot water • Fuel efficiency increase from 30% to 90% • Lower running costs • Great opportunity to improve the energy efficiency of existing buildings • Regulatory, maintenance and cost challenges
  32. 32. 32 Vertical transport Escalators / Moving Walkways • Regenerative Drives, regenerative in down direction when under load, • VVVF Drives enabling precise speed control, acceleration & deceleration • Sensors to identify no usage and slow or stop units, automatic restart upon traffic entry, • “Green Chains” employing sealed for life bearings • LED Decorative Lighting • Oversize step rollers reducing friction and ultimately improving power consumption Passenger Lifts • Regenerative Drives, regenerative in up direction, • VVVF Drives enabling precise speed control, acceleration & deceleration • Elevator enters sleep mode during times of no usage, turning off indicators and cabin lights, • LED Decorative lighting, • LED indication & button lighting • Improvements in utilising recycled materials during the procurement process
  33. 33. 34 Laundry • 15-20% of hotel energy consumption (if full service) • 16% of hotel water consumption • Avoiding harsh chemicals, no chlorine, • Options for ozone systems (no hot water required), reduced cycle times, extended linen life, superior sanitisation, reduced chemicals (50% cost reduction) • Reducing water and energy consumption • Extending linen life • Water re-use systems to save cost (75% water use reduction) • Options for continuous batch washers (when 500+ rooms) – uses rinse water for pre-washing and main suds operation
  34. 34. 35 Water generation and energy usage • High efficiency fittings and automatic controls • Rainwater collection and reuse • Grey water treatment and reuse • Water efficient appliances • Water efficient cooling towers • Collect fire sprinkler test water • Dual flush toilets • Automatic BMS leak detection • Condensate recovery • Efficient fittings • Minimise hot water use • Heat recovery from HVAC losses • Heat pumps and solar heating
  35. 35. 36 Indoor Environment Quality • Increased ventilation rates • Improved air change effectiveness • Contaminant exhaust • Low VOC materials • Formaldehyde minimisation • Mould prevention • Non-toxic cleaning products • Smoke-free policies
  36. 36. 37 Material use • For new furniture (workstations, chairs, tables, storage, floor finishes, partitions, joinery, etc.) to be as follows: – 10 years warranty – Environmental Management System (EMS) Manufacturer – Eco Preferred Content – Modular – Design for disassembly – High recycled content – PVC minimisation – FSC Certified timber
  37. 37. 38 Waste reduction and recycling strategies Give each guest room a recycling bin Separate Guests recycled waste on every floor Separate out canteen waste for recycling Images Courtesy of Crowne Plaza Melbourne
  38. 38. 39 Waste reduction and recycling strategies cont. Send used light tubes and bulbs to be disposed of in an environmentally friendly manner Fluro tubes contain mercury which is dangerous if left to leach into the water table Dead batteries from TV remotes and doorlocks can be sent to Get the maintenance dept to recyclers wash out paintbrushes in a special unit which prevents waste being washed down the drain Images Courtesy of Crowne Plaza Melbourne
  39. 39. 40 Green roofs and gardens for hotels • Thermal benefits and HVAC plant / energy reductions • Supports local ecology and biodiversity • Potential for food production for F&B • Links to on-site composting • Superior stormwater treatment and runoff reduction • Improved outlook for neighbouring sites
  40. 40. 41 Photovoltaic systems for hospitality Hotel Tres Reyes (Spain) Photovoltaic modules installed on north-eastern façade Grand Palladium Resort (Jamaica) Solar integration project, 1.6 megawatt capacity, US$3.4m Crown Plaza Hotel (Australia, Alice Springs) Solar integration project, 1.6 megawatt capacity, US$3.4m
  41. 41. 42 Conclusion
  42. 42. 43 Conclusion • There are many opportunities for Hotel and Resort owners and operators to minimise negative environmental and social impacts of their operations, this will save operating costs and make their Hotels and Resorts more attractive to potential customers, as well as helping with staff motivation and retention • It is cost effective to design new hotels and resorts using sustainable design principles and there are many opportunities to improve the performance of existing buildings • Different design responses are required for different climates • We are now in the age of performance which requires partnerships between designers, owners and operators
  43. 43. 44

×