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Digital Divide

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A presentation about definition, extent and reasons for digital divide, impact of the web and attempts to bridge the digital divide. I gave this speech in my ESL class at Portland State University in December 2008

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Digital Divide

  1. 1. Andrea Zweifel IELP / PSU Speakening and Listening 5
  2. 2. What I will talk about Definition of digital divide Extent of digital divide Reasons for digital divide g Impact of the web Attempts to bridge the digital divide
  3. 3. What is Digital Divide? Definition: „Troubling gap b t D fi iti T bli between th those who use h computers and the internet and those who do not“ (Bharat Mehra, 2004) Mehra Gap refers to physical access to technology as well as to resources and skills for usage g Imbalances can be caused by factors such as gender, age, education, income, ethnic groups, disabilities, location Domestic vs. global digital divide
  4. 4. Digital divide in the US 73 % of all Americans 18 years or older are online but only 35 % of the people 65 years and older 53 % of people who have only high school education or a household income of less than 30,000 $ per year 59 % of African Americans 63 % Americans who live in rural areas Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project, April 8—May 11, 2008 Tracking Survey.
  5. 5. Global digital divide World Regions Our Home Countries Countries Internet Penetration Rates Japan 73.8 % USA 72.5 % South Korea 70.7 % Taiwan 67.2 % Germany 63.8 % United Arab Emirates (UAE) 49.8 % Saudi Arabia 22.0 % China 19.0 % Libya 4.2 % Source: www.internetworldstats.com
  6. 6. Reasons for digital divide Drivers of Internet use: Restrictions of some undemocratic income regimes: i enabling infrastructure cost of access restricting access restricting content dependency threatening to arrest or policymaking in the ITC- imprison those who access sector and market unauthorized information, democracy d mobilize people or express social relationships unpopular opinion Source: Guillen (2006): Explaining the Global Digital Divide
  7. 7. Impact of the web Expand access to better quality education and healthcare Improve transparancy and efficiency of g government Reduce poverty for neglected groups Introduce economic opportunities Open dialogue with others to share knowledge k l d Offer more participation in politics and society
  8. 8. What can be done to overcome the digital divide? Provide access to technology gy Make M k people understand b l d t d benefits fit and how to use technology Help people with special needs
  9. 9. Final thoughts Picture: Edward Mujumbe, 18 years from Tansania

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