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HTML : why content is important - SoftShake 2014

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Dans une vaste majorité d’application Web notre principal outil de rendu est le HTML. Or, cet outil est souvent sous-utilisé: on fait un peu ce qu’on veut pour présenter correctement nos données, sans vraiment chercher à en tirer parti. Cela s’est d’autant plus compliqué avec l’avènement de la pile “HTML5” (HTML, Javascript, CSS3) qui, en cherchant à simplifier les choses, a multiplié le nombre de possibilités. Je vais me concentrer sur la méthode du “content driven developpement”. Cette méthode est celle où l’on se base sur notre contenu, l’importance des différents éléments avant de voir comment on veut les présenter. L’application de cette méthode permet d’obtenir un code HTML plus clair et plus maintenable. Il permet aussi bien souvent, de manière assez ironique, d’obtenir un design plus ergonomique qu’en appliquant une méthode “design first developpement”. Nous verrons comment cette méthode de développement nous permet d’être plus agile, et comment elle conditionne également notre manière de développer notre CSS. Enfin je parlerai de quelques outils qui permettent de tirer parti des nouveautés de HTML5 et CSS3.

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HTML : why content is important - SoftShake 2014

  1. 1. HTML Why content is important Audrey Lièvremont @alievremont
  2. 2. Audrey Lièvremont
  3. 3. Dans cette présentation ● HTML – Sémantique ● Pourquoi du HTML sémantique ? ● Content driven developement
  4. 4. HTML = HyperText Markup Language
  5. 5. Historique
  6. 6. HTML et sémantique La sémantique est une branche de la linguistique qui étudie les signifiés, soit, ce dont parle un énoncé. On la distingue généralement de la syntaxe qui concerne le signifiant, soit ce qu'est l'énoncé. ... http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantique
  7. 7. HTML et sémantique <i> → <em>, <cite> <b> → <strong>
  8. 8. HTML et sémantique <div> <span> <div>...</div>< !--fin de la div-->
  9. 9. Web sémantique <item>cat</item> <item rdf:about="http://dbpedia.org/resource/Cat ">Cat</item> W3C data activity
  10. 10. Navigateur web Logiciel qui lit du HTML (au même titre qu'un lecteur d'écran, un robot indexeur... )
  11. 11. Microformats <span class="geo"> <span class="latitude">52.48</span>, <span class="longitude">-1.89</span> </span>
  12. 12. Microdonnées – Itemscope – Itemprop – … <div itemscope> <p>My name is <span itemprop="name">Elizabeth</span>.</p> </div>
  13. 13. Du code propre en HTML Pourquoi ?
  14. 14. Pourquoi ?
  15. 15. Interopérabilité HTML ne gère pas le rendu des pages !
  16. 16. Plus de sens <acronym title="Organisation des Nations Unies"> ONU </acronym>
  17. 17. Lisibilité <dl> <dt>Terme 1 à définir</dt> <dd>Voici la définition pour le terme 1</dd> <dt>Terme 2 à définir</dt> <dd>Voici la définition pour le terme 2</dd> </dl>
  18. 18. Lisibilité <ul> <li> <ol> <li>
  19. 19. Légèreté <table><tr id="first"><td colspan="3">1</td></tr> <tr id="second"><td colspan="2">2</td><td>3</td></tr> <tr id="third"><td>4</td><td>5</td><td>6</t d></tr></table>
  20. 20. Un code évolutif
  21. 21. Standard Lisible et utilisable par tous
  22. 22. Du code propre en HTML Moins cher !
  23. 23. Le contenu d'abord ! Comment faire du HTML sémantique ?
  24. 24. Le contenu d'abord ! Niveaux de titre Contenu principal Informations supplémentaires Moyens de navigation
  25. 25. Le contenu d'abord ! 1 – Qu'est-ce que je veux présenter 2 – Comment je le présente
  26. 26. HTML5 <header> <footer> <nav> <article>
  27. 27. Gracefull degradation <input type="text" placeholder="Entrez un pseudo">
  28. 28. Gracefull degradation Modernizr
  29. 29. Gracefull degradation <header> <div class="header"> header, .header { … }
  30. 30. ?
  31. 31. Références ● Spécification de HTML living standards : http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/ multipage/introduction.html#abstract ● http://www.cybercodeur.net/weblog/presentations/seybold/everythin g.html ● http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/webcomponents/template/ ● http://www.w3.org/2013/data/ ● Articles wikipedia : HTML, World Wide Web Consortium, HTML sémantique...

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