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History of textiles


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History of textiles

  1. 1. History of Textiles
  2. 2. History… • Textiles-defined as the yarns that are woven or knitted to make fabrics • Textiles date back to the Stone Age around 100,000 years ago whereas cotton use dates back to 5,000 B.C. • Silk Road in ancient world = a way to sell textiles • Although simple clothing was worn at first, dyeing methods developed and clothing started to become more elaborate
  3. 3. Places and what was developed • Ancient Egypt = flax • Ancient India = cotton • Ancient China = silk • Ancient Japan = hemp, method of weaving, cloth made from bark fibers
  4. 4. Flax
  5. 5. Cotton
  6. 6. Silk
  7. 7. Textiles • Textiles can be derived from several sources: animals, plants and minerals are the traditional sources of materials • Petroleum-derived synthetic fibers were introduced in the mid-20th century. • Animal textiles are the most prevalent in human society • Plant textiles, the most common being cotton, can also be made from straw, grass and bamboo. • Mineral textiles include glass fiber, metal fiber and asbestos. • The recent introduction of synthetic textiles has greatly expanded the array of options available for fabric manufacturers, both in terms of garment versatility and usability.
  8. 8. History of Nylon • Synthetic fabric that was invented in 1938 by Wallace Carothers • Direct result of WWII – parachutes were originally silk • The term “nylon” is a generic descriptor for the family of synthetic polymers known as polyamides • Used in the 91940s for stockings and tooth brushes • Now today used in many things such as guitar strings, tooth brushes and carpets
  9. 9. Recent Methods for Making Textiles Today • Weaving • Knitting • Interlacing • Lacing • Felting
  10. 10. Today • By the 14th century, fabrics were being woven on the hand looms of the Mediterranean countries in practically all the basic structures known to modern artisans • No change in fundamental processes since that time • Ways to manufacture textiles that have not changed: plain weave, satin weave and twill • Equipment and machines have sped production up