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Ch 6 Sec 1 "The Renaissance"


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Ch 6 Sec 1 "The Renaissance"

  1. 1. Chapter 6 The Renaissance
  2. 2. • Perspective • Relief sculpture • Humanities • Etiquette • Transubstantiation • Inquisition • Indulgences • Predestination
  3. 3. • Flood of information from Crusades and scholars led to a revival of learning
  4. 4. Changes by The Renaissance 1. Tools 2. Art 3. Sculpture 4. Architecture 5. Learning 6. Writing
  5. 5. Tools: • Johannes Gutenberg moveable type printing press – made literary works available to the public at a low cost
  6. 6. Art: • The Renaissance paintings differed from earlier paintings in three ways: 1. People looked real (vs. flat prior to Renaissance) WHY? – Painters studied anatomy – Painted real people because realized they were important because we were creations of God
  7. 7. 2. Added dimension by shading
  8. 8. 3. Gave paintings depth by using perspective • Perspective: used to create an illusion of space and depth on a flat surface. Make something look 3-D
  9. 9. Famous Renaissance Artists • Leonardo da Vinci – Painted the Last Supper and the Mona Lisa
  10. 10. Last Supper
  11. 11. Mona Lisa
  12. 12. • Michelangelo – Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
  13. 13. Renaissance Sculpture • The statues are lifelike, powerful and stunning. They are very realistic • Relief sculpture – attached to a flat surface (like the wall of a cathedral or castle)
  14. 14. Renaissance Sculptors • Ghiberti – Sculpted the doors of the baptistery of Florence • Michelangelo – David
  15. 15. Renaissance Architecture • Rounded arches, columns, and domes were common • The Cathedral of Florence is a great example
  16. 16. • Built by Brunelleschi
  17. 17. Renaissance Learning • The humanities were taught – Humanities: Human interests and experiences – Examples are: Literature, philosophy, art, history, grammar and speech • The goal was to make the student a well- rounded person, educated and interested in many fields
  18. 18. Renaissance Writing • Italy – Patterned their work after the ancient Greeks and Romans
  19. 19. Italian Writers • Petrarch – Was known as the Father of Humanism – He spread the ideas of the Renaissance
  20. 20. • Castiglione – Wrote a famous book on etiquette – Etiquette: code of polite behavior – The Courtier
  21. 21. • Machiavelli – He taught that those who lived by the classical and biblical virtues would not be able to gain or keep power. – He represented trend of freeing people from religious tradition
  22. 22. Northern Europe Writers • Tended to emphasize religious issues
  23. 23. • Erasmus – First to print the Greek New Testament on the movable type press – Refused to leave the Church of Rome
  24. 24. • Sir Thomas Moore – Wrote Utopia – Story about an imaginary country based on Christian principles and the philosophy of Plato
  25. 25. Consequences of the Renaissance
  26. 26. POSITIVE 1. Led to a return to the clear teachings of Scripture 2. Renewed interest in the manuscripts and languages of the Old Testament 3. Individual was emphasized 4. Literature was more available and education became accessible to many more people
  27. 27. NEGATIVE 1. Emphasis was on man rather than God – Weakened morals