Heat illness


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Heat illness

  1. 1. 1<br />
  2. 2. Atlanta Federal Health and Safety Council13 July, 2011<br />OSHA Atlanta East Area Office<br />
  3. 3. Welcome to<br />OSHA’s Campaign to Prevent Heat Illness in Outdoor Workers<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Heat Illness: Matter of Life or Death<br />WHY?<br />Time of year<br />Prevented<br />May cause heat cramps, heat rash, or more severe heat illnesses such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke.<br />Heat stroke can be deadly.<br />Early and quick action can save lives.<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Heat Exhaustion<br />Heat Stroke<br />Employers Can Prevent Heat Illness<br />Be aware that both Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke can be prevented <br />Recognize the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke<br />Know when to take action<br />Include frequent water breaks, ample time to rest and shade for workers<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Prevention Campaign = 3 Words<br />WATER<br /> REST<br />SHADE<br />*<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Heat Illness Prevention Advice<br />Employers need to be aware of the following risk factors for workers:<br />Construction and <br />General Industry<br />High temperature and humidity<br />Direct sun exposure (no shade) <br />Limited air movement (no breeze)<br />Strenuous work tasks<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Heat Illness Prevention Advice (cont.)<br />Along with water, rest and shade, employers should make sure workers are acclimatized to heat environments <br />Especially those new to working in hot environments<br />This includes workers with a lack of recent exposure to hot working conditions (away for more than a week)<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Heat Illness Website Resources<br />Here is where<br />you have access<br /> to all of<br />OSHA’s<br />Heat Campaign<br />materials<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Educational Resources Page<br />Publications: Fact Sheets, Posters [English/Spanish]<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Community Posters<br />Community posters are available in both English and Spanish<br />Posters communicate the message: Water. Rest. Shade. The work can’t get done without them.<br />OSHA adds “Let’s make heat safety part of the job”.<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Training Page<br />OSHA’s Lesson Plan for Employers<br />Cal/OSHA:<br />Heat Safety Training Kit for Employers<br />DVD: Water, Rest, Shade: The Work Can’t Get Done Without Them<br />Access to other valuable training materials from various sources<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />OSHA’s Lesson Plan for Employers<br />“Heat Illness Prevention Training Guide: A Lesson Plan for Employers” is a short, participatory, easy to follow plan for employers to prevent heat illness and provide training to their workers.<br />Inside the Guide<br />1. Health Effects of Heat<br />2. How to Respond to Symptoms<br />3. Preventing Heat Exhaustion<br />Additional Resources<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Employer Provided Training<br />Workers need to be trained to know what to do when a worker has signs of heat exhaustion:<br />Call supervisor<br />Stay with worker until help arrives<br />Move worker to cooler/shaded area; <br />Fan and mist the worker with water <br />Provide cool drinking water <br /> If the worker feels confused, vomits, or faints, this may indicate heat stroke<br />Call 911immediately!<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />Media Resources Page<br />Press Release Labor & Trade<br />Labor Secretary’s Public Service Announcement<br />Both are available in English and en Español<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />Partnering Resources<br />*<br />OSHA is also partnering with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on weather service alerts. <br />
  17. 17. 17<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />The Risk of Heat Stress<br />Your risk of heat stress depends on many factors.<br />These include:<br />• Your physical condition<br />• The weather (temperature, humidity)<br />• How much clothing you have on<br />• How fast you must move or <br /><ul><li> How much weight you must lift</li></ul>• If you are near a fan or there is a breeze<br />• If you are in the sun.<br />Heat emergencies<br />Warning signs of Heat Stroke vary but may include:<br /><ul><li> an extremely high body temperature (above 103°F, orally)
  19. 19. red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating)
  20. 20. rapid, strong pulse
  21. 21. throbbing headache
  22. 22. dizziness, nausea
  23. 23. disorientation, confusion
  24. 24. unconsciousness</li></ul>If you see any of these signs, you may be dealing <br />with a LIFE-THREATENING emergency. <br />Call 911<br />
  25. 25. 19<br />
  26. 26. 20<br />First Responder Skin Test<br />SKIN TURGOR(elasticity)<br /><ul><li> A quick check of skin turgor by pinching the skin over the back of the hand, on the abdomen, or over the front of the chest under the collarbone is a good way to check for dehydration at home.
  27. 27. Mild dehydration will cause the skin to be slightly slow in its return to normal.
  28. 28. To rehydrate, drink more fluids -- particularly water.
  29. 29. If turgor is severe, indicating moderate or severe dehydration, see your health care provider immediately.</li></li></ul><li>21<br />Compliance Assistance<br />Occupational Safety<br />and Health Administration<br />U. S. Department of Labor<br />OSHA offers consultation services to employers:<br /><ul><li>Contact OSHA</li></ul>1-800-321-OSHA (6742). It’s free. <br /><ul><li>For other compliance assistance information and services…</li></ul>www.osha.gov<br />
  30. 30. 22<br />Heat Illness Prevention Challenge!<br />When it is hot and humid outside, employers should:<br /><ul><li>Encourage workers to drink water and rest in the shade
  31. 31. Provide contact information for workers in an emergency</li></ul>EMPHASIZE:<br />Water. Rest. Shade. <br />Heat illness can be prevented!<br />
  32. 32. 23<br />OSHA’s Campaign to Prevent Heat<br /> Illness in Outdoor Workers<br />QUESTIONS<br />
  33. 33. 24<br />