Morphine derived from the Opium poppy is the ingredient the delivers the painkilling properties in the body. Oxycontin and Methadone are known as synthetic opoids which means that they are not made naturally.
The effects of opiates are as follows on the slide. The euphoric effects comes from the release of dopamine which is present in most mind-altering substances. The drowsiness and nausea are the sedating effects common in downers.
These are the common symptoms that are found in individuals who have overmedicated themselves with opiates. Immediately call proper medical team and 911 in case the following symptoms are present.
Withdrawal is what takes place when the individual is no longer taking the substance of choice. The body is adjusting to the lack of the medication which enabled the individual to function.
The use of Rx painkillers has lead to rise in crimes. The addict will go through any means to obtain his or her drug of choice. The disease of addiction does not solely fall upon the individual’s lack of care but also transcends to its own environment.
Treatment programs help facilitate the individual towards a successful taper. Programs encourage education, prevention and help with co-occuring disorders.
Prevention programs need to be implemented to help prevent a rise in social disruption. There has been many cases where an individual has been prescribed Rx painkillers after a surgery which unfortunately lead to a dependence of the medication. Families need to be aware of what is being put into there medicine cabinet to help prevent children obtaining any medication.
Review Paper Presentation
Social Effects of Rx DrugAbuseOpiate Addiction
What are they? Oxycontin Vicodin Percocet Tylenol w/ Codeine Methadone
Effects of Overdose Slow and Shallow Breathing Clammy skin Convulsions Coma Possible Deathhttp://www.faadrug.com/opiates.asp
Withdrawal Symptoms Watery eyes Runny Nose Yawning Loss of appetite Irritability Chills & Sweating Cramps Tremors Panichttp://www.faadrug.com/opiates.asp
Addiction Psychological relationship with a mind-altering substance that has life damaging consequences World Health Organization Definition
Social Problems of Rx abuse“ authorities say that deaths, robberies and burglaries all highlight the intersection of powerful narcotics that are intended to be used under the supervision of a doctor”(Stapleton, Jay). Inability to make the right decisions due to the dependence which leads to crime
Treatment Detox Programs facilitated by hospitals Methadone Treatment Facilities that encourages social change
Solutions- Prevention Programs Patient Education Community Education Programs
Resources Rigg, K., March, S. & Inciardi, J. (2010). PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE & DIVERSION: ROLE OF THE PAIN CLINIC. Journal of Drug Issues. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.libproxy.edmc.edu/docview/ 816676092?accountid=34899 on October 15, 2011. Stapleton, Jay(2010). Rx for trouble: painkiller abuse plagues society. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.libproxy.edmc.edu/docview/ 382996778?accountid=34899 on September 9, 2011. http://www.faadrug.com/opiates.asp