6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN1
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 2
6/7/2013MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN 3 HISTORY………………………………………… 04 ORIGIN OF MOONS………………………06 INTRODUCTION TO JUPITER…...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN4 Jupiter has 4 major moons These 4 (IO,EUROPA,GANYMEDE &CALLISTO) large Jovian m...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN5 TETHYS & DIONE: In 1684 byGIOVANNI TITAN: In 1655 by CHRISTIANHUYGENS RHEA: In...
6/7/2013 6MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN Many of the moons of the planetsformed through accretion but on a smallscale On...
6/7/2013 7MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN ………with condensation & accretioncontinuing to occur Some of the smaller moons m...
6/7/2013 8MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 9
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 10 5th planet in the solar system The massive & largest one Name originated fr...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 11Q: HOW MANY MOONS DOES JUPITER HAVE?ANS:A LARGE NUMBER ……………………………63!Divided in...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 12iv. Outer most moons: just very small in size
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 13 They are four innumber named as:i. GANYMEDEii. CALLISTOiii. IOiv. EUROPA
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 14
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 15
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 16 Largest of the JOVIANSmoons 5260km inthe diameter Density of 1.93g/cm3shows ...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 17 Average reflectivity of 50% A silicate rich core with mantle of liquidwater...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 18 There are two distinctly differenttypes of TERRAINi. Dark terrainii. Bright t...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 19
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 20
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 21 DARK TERRAIN Polygonal in shape & separated eachother by brighter terrain
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 22 May have a reasonable amount of DUSTand ROCKY debris Highly cratered surface...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 23 BRIGHTER TERRAIN May be made up of PURE water They are mostly LOW cratered ...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 24
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 25 It has no atmosphere to speak of Diameter of 4900km Highest noonday tempera...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 26
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 27 Never volcanically active Has the lowest density ofall the other GALILEANmoo...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 28
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 29 Bright-orange colored spherewith, white irregular splotches Polar regions ar...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 30 Absolutely no impact cratersUNIQUNESS: nothing similar hadbeen found in the s...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 31 They are the vents of the volcanoes At least 8 are currently active Eruptio...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 32
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 33 Umbrella-shapedplume Gigantic fan –shaped in thevacuum Produced by theerupt...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 34 Mostly colored patterns includes yellow,red, orange and brown Its surface is...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 35 There exist mountain ranges INTERESTINGLY up to 10km in heightHERE QUESTION ...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 36 Average day time temperature is -145C Although as hot as 300C nearvolcanoes...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 37
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 38 Not founded water any where in surface,interior and not even on the atmospher...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 39 Light brown surface with white patches Move in the circular orbit of670,900k...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 40 Absolutely noatmosphere Max. day timetemperature is-180C Reflectivity of 70...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 41 Slightly smaller densityof about 3.03g/cm3 No signs of volcanismeither curre...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 42 UNIQUENESS: the only world inthe solar system besides Earth that has…………WATER...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 43
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 44 There are only few signs of craters(only 3 probable craters of 18-25kmapart)...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 45
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 46 Water exposed to thespace rapidly evaporatesforming a thin layerof atmosphere...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 47 Exceedingly cold temperature outsidecondenses the it into solid – ICE This f...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 48
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 49 Theoretical calculations of the currentthermal state of EUROPA have aninteres...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 50 Result suggested that some LUIQUIDWATER may be still present in the interior-...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 51
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 52Saturn was the outermostplanet known to ancientastronomyIt is the 6th planet ...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 53 The atmosphere of Saturn consists ofmolecular Hydrogen ,Helium ,Methaneand Am...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 54 Saturn has 67! moons out of which 5largest are:1. Titan2. Rhea3. Dione4. Teth...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 55 Titan is the 2nd largest moon of solarsystem and 1st of Saturn We call it as...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 56Titan probably contains a rocky coresurrounded by a thick mantle of water ice.
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 57
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 58 Titan is very glowing Throughout its day-to-day; its color ischanges from Bl...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 59
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 60 Titan‟s atmosphere is thick and denser It is made up of mostly N2, Ar, a few...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 61
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 62 It also have liquid lakes, clouds andmountains…………………lakes of METHANEand ETHA...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 63 If a person wants to flythen……………………………………………………………Titan‟s atmosphere is best...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 64 It is the 9th largest moon of solarsystem and 2nd of Saturn. Its surface con...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 65It has cratersbut these areflatter than ourmoon.
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 66 It is the only moon who have ringsaround it Its faint rings contain dust par...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 67
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 68 It is the 4th moon of the Saturn It has huge fractures on hemispherewhich ma...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 69It has craters.
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 70 Forwarded hemisphere is dark It is covered with dens population ofcraters I...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 71 Consists of a complex network ofbright; wispy marking superimposed overa dark...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 72TRAILING HEMISPHERE FORWARD HEMISPHERE
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 73 Scientists believed that in earlier it istidally locked Meteoric impact took...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 74
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 75 It is the 5th important moon of Saturn It is 248km in diameter A huge impac...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 76It has heavy and light craters in shapeof belt across the moon.
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 77 It is highly reflective object in thesolar system known due to its VISUALWAVE...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 78 It has a large Canyon (Ithaca Chasma)which runs about 1242 miles long That m...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 79
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 80 It is the 6th important moon of Saturn It has a plum of liquid water andchem...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 81
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 82As it reflects 100% sunlight thatit receives.
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 83 Near south pole there are “V” and “Y”shaped ridges and valleys which arecalle...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 841. It is migrating towards Saturn whichincreasing its rotation due to whichrota...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 852. Warm material rose from the interiorof the surface leading to a polarterrain...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 86
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 87
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 88 Astronomy today,McMillan,5th edition,2005,pp-358 The space-age solar system,...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 89 Solar system bodies JPL/NASA, 2nd week of May Origin of Europa & Galilean sa...
6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 90 Article by Institute of Astronomy University ofHawaii, Scott Steppard & David...
6/7/2013MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN91Despite of the modern technology, still man isunable to know the UNIVERSE – as the...
MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 926/7/2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Moons 2009

409 views

Published on

Major moons of Solar System

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Moons 2009

  1. 1. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN1
  2. 2. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 2
  3. 3. 6/7/2013MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN 3 HISTORY………………………………………… 04 ORIGIN OF MOONS………………………06 INTRODUCTION TO JUPITER……10 MAJOR MOONS………………………………11 INTRODUCTION TO SATURN……52 MAJOR MOONS………………………………54 REFERENCES………………………………………88 CONCLUSION……………………………………91
  4. 4. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN4 Jupiter has 4 major moons These 4 (IO,EUROPA,GANYMEDE &CALLISTO) large Jovian moons werediscovered by GALILEO in 1610 Saturn has 6 major moons ENCELADUS in 1789 by WILLIAMHERSCHEL
  5. 5. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN5 TETHYS & DIONE: In 1684 byGIOVANNI TITAN: In 1655 by CHRISTIANHUYGENS RHEA: In 1672 by CASSINI
  6. 6. 6/7/2013 6MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN Many of the moons of the planetsformed through accretion but on a smallscale Once the nebular gas began to accreteonto the large Jovian protoplanets,condition similar to the miniature solarnebula
  7. 7. 6/7/2013 7MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN ………with condensation & accretioncontinuing to occur Some of the smaller moons may havebeen chipped off their parent planetsduring collision with asteroids Or may be they captured asteroidsthemselves
  8. 8. 6/7/2013 8MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN
  9. 9. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 9
  10. 10. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 10 5th planet in the solar system The massive & largest one Name originated from GREEK word„JOVE‟-name after their god Uniquely it represent the model of ourown solar system with the moonssymboling the planets
  11. 11. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 11Q: HOW MANY MOONS DOES JUPITER HAVE?ANS:A LARGE NUMBER ……………………………63!Divided into 4 groupsi. Galilean moons::largest groups of planet-Jupitermoonsii. Inner most moons: mostly small in size, withelliptical orbitsiii. 3rd group: orbit with retrograded sense
  12. 12. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 12iv. Outer most moons: just very small in size
  13. 13. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 13 They are four innumber named as:i. GANYMEDEii. CALLISTOiii. IOiv. EUROPA
  14. 14. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 14
  15. 15. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 15
  16. 16. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 16 Largest of the JOVIANSmoons 5260km inthe diameter Density of 1.93g/cm3shows that it is atleast 50% water ice composition
  17. 17. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 17 Average reflectivity of 50% A silicate rich core with mantle of liquidwater No existence of atmosphere
  18. 18. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 18 There are two distinctly differenttypes of TERRAINi. Dark terrainii. Bright terrain Water ice is the dominant componentof the crust No large scale mountains landforms
  19. 19. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 19
  20. 20. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 20
  21. 21. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 21 DARK TERRAIN Polygonal in shape & separated eachother by brighter terrain
  22. 22. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 22 May have a reasonable amount of DUSTand ROCKY debris Highly cratered surface – suggestedthat this part is relatively OLD must bedated back to METEORIC bombardmentage that ended up 4biillion years ago
  23. 23. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 23 BRIGHTER TERRAIN May be made up of PURE water They are mostly LOW cratered area –suggested its age up to just 3.5 billionyears
  24. 24. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 24
  25. 25. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 25 It has no atmosphere to speak of Diameter of 4900km Highest noonday temperature is of -110C – highest of the GALILEAN moons Has a very darkest surface due to lowreflectivity of just 20%
  26. 26. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 26
  27. 27. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 27 Never volcanically active Has the lowest density ofall the other GALILEANmoons – 1.79g/cm3 Relatively small amount of heavierradioactive elements
  28. 28. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 28
  29. 29. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 29 Bright-orange colored spherewith, white irregular splotches Polar regions are relatively darker
  30. 30. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 30 Absolutely no impact cratersUNIQUNESS: nothing similar hadbeen found in the solarsystem………THAT IS……a large numberof odd-looking sinkholes like depressionscattered over the surface
  31. 31. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 31 They are the vents of the volcanoes At least 8 are currently active Eruptions take place on continual basis Last for few months to years Named after GREEK gods of FIRE IO is the only world in the universebesides Earth known to have activevolcanoes
  32. 32. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 32
  33. 33. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 33 Umbrella-shapedplume Gigantic fan –shaped in thevacuum Produced by theeruption of gasesand materials fromthe volcanoes
  34. 34. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 34 Mostly colored patterns includes yellow,red, orange and brown Its surface is mostly covered with thisvolcanic material Emitted gases are the SO2 AndH2S(hydrogen sulfide)- by the help ofREFLECTANCE SPECTRUM
  35. 35. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 35 There exist mountain ranges INTERESTINGLY up to 10km in heightHERE QUESTION ARISES FROMWHERE THEY ORIGINATED?The ‟TECTONIC FRUCTURING FORCES‟ assimilar in case of Earth
  36. 36. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 36 Average day time temperature is -145C Although as hot as 300C nearvolcanoes Average night time temperature is-190C
  37. 37. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 37
  38. 38. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 38 Not founded water any where in surface,interior and not even on the atmosphere It has a thin layer of atmosphere Most probably the active volcanoes thatreleases the SO2 forms the atmosphere And pressure is quiet small just about1*10^-7 atmospheric pressure
  39. 39. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 39 Light brown surface with white patches Move in the circular orbit of670,900km in radius No impact craters
  40. 40. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 40 Absolutely noatmosphere Max. day timetemperature is-180C Reflectivity of 70%as it a bright world
  41. 41. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 41 Slightly smaller densityof about 3.03g/cm3 No signs of volcanismeither current or in the past- different from the IO Mostly the surface is smooth
  42. 42. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 42 UNIQUENESS: the only world inthe solar system besides Earth that has…………WATER! Density of Europa is consistent with upto 20% of water Exist as ICE in the interior mostly And the rest of it is made up ofmetals & silicate
  43. 43. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 43
  44. 44. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 44 There are only few signs of craters(only 3 probable craters of 18-25kmapart) It means that the present icy structureformed long after the era ofMETEORIC bombardment came to anend
  45. 45. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 45
  46. 46. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 46 Water exposed to thespace rapidly evaporatesforming a thin layerof atmosphere ofWATER VAPOUR
  47. 47. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 47 Exceedingly cold temperature outsidecondenses the it into solid – ICE This falls back to the surface ,coveringthe entire EUROPA landscape with alayer of fine FROST
  48. 48. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 48
  49. 49. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 49 Theoretical calculations of the currentthermal state of EUROPA have aninteresting possibility………………… LIFE
  50. 50. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 50 Result suggested that some LUIQUIDWATER may be still present in the interior- hidden deep underneath the icy crust Its mantel actually warm enough to supportthe……… LIFE…………We r go„in to start ourINVASION of SATURN… !!!!!!!!!!!
  51. 51. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 51
  52. 52. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 52Saturn was the outermostplanet known to ancientastronomyIt is the 6th planet of solarsystem Its mass is 5.6*10^29g Its density is 0.7g/cm3
  53. 53. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 53 The atmosphere of Saturn consists ofmolecular Hydrogen ,Helium ,Methaneand Ammonia.
  54. 54. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 54 Saturn has 67! moons out of which 5largest are:1. Titan2. Rhea3. Dione4. Tethys5. Enceladus
  55. 55. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 55 Titan is the 2nd largest moon of solarsystem and 1st of Saturn We call it as a hazy titan A thick uniform haze layer similar tophotochemical smog seen above ourcities found here
  56. 56. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 56Titan probably contains a rocky coresurrounded by a thick mantle of water ice.
  57. 57. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 57
  58. 58. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 58 Titan is very glowing Throughout its day-to-day; its color ischanges from Blue to Green and Greento Red As a result; a beautiful glowing orangecolor is appears.
  59. 59. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 59
  60. 60. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 60 Titan‟s atmosphere is thick and denser It is made up of mostly N2, Ar, a fewpercent of CH4 in addition to ethane andpropane, CO and other compounds Its atmosphere undergoing a series ofchemical reactions powered bysun light
  61. 61. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 61
  62. 62. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 62 It also have liquid lakes, clouds andmountains…………………lakes of METHANEand ETHANE………Not of water!!!
  63. 63. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 63 If a person wants to flythen……………………………………………………………Titan‟s atmosphere is best ! A person can fly just with………………man made wings……………………………………WOW!
  64. 64. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 64 It is the 9th largest moon of solarsystem and 2nd of Saturn. Its surface consists of 25% rocks and75% water ice It is known as WISPY RHEA Due to the tectonic activity
  65. 65. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 65It has cratersbut these areflatter than ourmoon.
  66. 66. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 66 It is the only moon who have ringsaround it Its faint rings contain dust particlesand debris.
  67. 67. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 67
  68. 68. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 68 It is the 4th moon of the Saturn It has huge fractures on hemispherewhich made Forward and Trailing side These are quiet different from eachother.
  69. 69. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 69It has craters.
  70. 70. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 70 Forwarded hemisphere is dark It is covered with dens population ofcraters It has large craters having diameter of62miles or 99km.
  71. 71. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 71 Consists of a complex network ofbright; wispy marking superimposed overa darker surface With numerous craters It has small craters as compare toforward hemisphere with diameter of19miles or 30km.
  72. 72. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 72TRAILING HEMISPHERE FORWARD HEMISPHERE
  73. 73. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 73 Scientists believed that in earlier it istidally locked Meteoric impact took place preferablyon the forward facing side A large impact could change its currentorientation
  74. 74. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 74
  75. 75. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 75 It is the 5th important moon of Saturn It is 248km in diameter A huge impact of crater that covers2/5 of the surface of it has been found
  76. 76. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 76It has heavy and light craters in shapeof belt across the moon.
  77. 77. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 77 It is highly reflective object in thesolar system known due to its VISUALWAVELENGTH It has an average density of just1.2g/cm3 Probably have rocky material mixed withthe ice
  78. 78. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 78 It has a large Canyon (Ithaca Chasma)which runs about 1242 miles long That means Canyon runs across 2/3 ofthe moon These cracks are due to the shrinkingand cooling of the surface layers
  79. 79. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 79
  80. 80. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 80 It is the 6th important moon of Saturn It has a plum of liquid water andchemicals Its temperature is -210 degree Celsius
  81. 81. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 81
  82. 82. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 82As it reflects 100% sunlight thatit receives.
  83. 83. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 83 Near south pole there are “V” and “Y”shaped ridges and valleys which arecalled “TIGER STRIPES” There are two theories about thesestripes
  84. 84. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 841. It is migrating towards Saturn whichincreasing its rotation due to whichrotation axis is flatten This flattering causes near thesurface of poles to push outward andbuckle forming ridges
  85. 85. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 852. Warm material rose from the interiorof the surface leading to a polarterrain from its current area to a newregion It would then adjust to match the newpolar orientation which causes surfacetension and ridges formed
  86. 86. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 86
  87. 87. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 87
  88. 88. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 88 Astronomy today,McMillan,5th edition,2005,pp-358 The space-age solar system, Joseph F.Baugher, Institute of Technology Chicago, Illinois:John Wiley & Sons, pp-221-251 Satellites of Jupiter, Saturn & Uranus, InternationalAstronomical Union Circulates, 2nd week of May
  89. 89. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 89 Solar system bodies JPL/NASA, 2nd week of May Origin of Europa & Galilean satellites, University ofArizona,2nd week of May Jupiter’s known satellites Department of TerrestrialMagnetism at Carniege Institute of Science, 2nd weekof May
  90. 90. 6/7/2013 MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 90 Article by Institute of Astronomy University ofHawaii, Scott Steppard & David Jewitt, 2nd week ofMay Moons and Planets, William K. Hartmann,5thedition – THOMSON BROOKS/COLE
  91. 91. 6/7/2013MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER &SATURN91Despite of the modern technology, still man isunable to know the UNIVERSE – as theseMOONS! This shows the limitation of theMANKIND! Even though he consideredHIMSELF“SUPERIOR”Although „HE‟…… Is NOT!!!!
  92. 92. MAJOR MOONS OF JUPITER & SATURN 926/7/2013

×