www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Fundamental
‘forming a necessary base or core; of
central importanc...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Shape
‘the characteristic surface configuration of
a thing; an outl...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Static vs Moving
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Athletics
Nature of sport = Outcome based
Age of champions
Long ter...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Technical Model
Holy Grail
Common themes of ‘elite’
Model
– Series ...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Moments
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Similarities?
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Technical Model
‘Selected’ shape – biomechanics
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Selection Criteria
‘Best route to achieve desired outcome with
the ...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Force (strength)
Contractions
Sliding filament theory
Length:Tensio...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Length:Tension Relationship
Tension & Force production
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Movement
No muscles ‘push’
Contractions & levers (Bones)
One ‘end’ ...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Joint Stability & Mobility
Critical Junctions
Shoulder
Thoracic Spi...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Blocks to Shape
Flexibility & Mobility
Poor muscle activation
Weakn...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Fundamentals
Double Leg
Single leg
Push
Pull
Twist
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Fundamentals and Practice
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Shape and Physical
Preparation
‘Preparation’ for performance
Develo...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Develop Physical Qualities
Mobility
Coordination
‘Stiffness’
Speed
...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
UKA Exercise Classification Hierarchy
GPE Activities
• Mobility – J...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Shape
Attaining good shape requires constant
reinforcement
Seeing s...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Shape
Technical model is the most efficient and
effective shape
Ina...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Shape
Shape is what we ‘see’
Shape is what we – ‘athlete & Coach’ s...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Simple?
Good shape ‘feels’ good
If it looks good it probably is good
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
Thank You
?
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
How Shape evolves...
 Coaching instruction provides feedback & gui...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
What are the building blocks of
Movement skill?
Fundamental movemen...
www.englandathletics.org/east
www.englandathletics.org
How practice changes
Coordination...
In the brain
Representation o...
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Athletics NI Coaching Conference 2013 - Dave Rowland

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"Why 'Shape' Is Fundamental"

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Athletics NI Coaching Conference 2013 - Dave Rowland

  1. 1. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Fundamental ‘forming a necessary base or core; of central importance’ ‘affecting or relating to the essential nature of something or the crucial point about an issue’
  2. 2. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Shape ‘the characteristic surface configuration of a thing; an outline ‘to embody in a definite form’
  3. 3. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org
  4. 4. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Static vs Moving
  5. 5. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Athletics Nature of sport = Outcome based Age of champions Long term process of ‘practice’ Technical Model ‘Breath taking’
  6. 6. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Technical Model Holy Grail Common themes of ‘elite’ Model – Series of joint positions – Kinetic chain – linked limbs – Series of shapes at ‘moments’ in time ‘Selected’ shape
  7. 7. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Moments
  8. 8. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Similarities?
  9. 9. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Technical Model ‘Selected’ shape – biomechanics
  10. 10. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Selection Criteria ‘Best route to achieve desired outcome with the resources available’ – Get job done for least energy cost – Minimal discomfort Force Production – maximal, cyclical Minimise ‘leakage’ Efficiency in the chain
  11. 11. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Force (strength) Contractions Sliding filament theory Length:Tension Relationship Optimal length – weak at outer ranges Ability to activate the working muscle & relax the opposing muscle
  12. 12. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Length:Tension Relationship Tension & Force production
  13. 13. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Movement No muscles ‘push’ Contractions & levers (Bones) One ‘end’ must be fixed / stable Sequence - Kinetic chain - Shape Stability of one segment depends on next Contraction & relaxation ‘Timing’ = coordination
  14. 14. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Joint Stability & Mobility Critical Junctions Shoulder Thoracic Spine Lumbar Spine Hip Knee Ankle Foot Key Actions Stable Mobile Stable Mobile Stable Mobile Stable
  15. 15. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org
  16. 16. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Blocks to Shape Flexibility & Mobility Poor muscle activation Weakness Poor movement patterns Limited awarenss
  17. 17. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Fundamentals Double Leg Single leg Push Pull Twist
  18. 18. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org
  19. 19. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org
  20. 20. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org
  21. 21. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Fundamentals and Practice
  22. 22. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Shape and Physical Preparation ‘Preparation’ for performance Development of physical qualities needed for performance FMP > FMS that allow athletes to attain the necessary performance movement shapes FMPs essential in application of PP methods – strength training
  23. 23. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Develop Physical Qualities Mobility Coordination ‘Stiffness’ Speed Strength Power
  24. 24. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org UKA Exercise Classification Hierarchy GPE Activities • Mobility – Joint by Joint approach • Stability • Flexibility • Balance • Muscle Recruitment Work • Movement Pattern Development • General jump & throw development SPE Activities • Maximal Strength Activities: Squat, Bench Press, Deadlift & Inverted Leg Press • Power Activities: Olympic lifting, throwing (MB’s or Powerbags) and jumping Elastic Development activities Multiple jumps/bounds
  25. 25. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Shape Attaining good shape requires constant reinforcement Seeing shape is the coaches domain Building athlete awareness of good shape is our responsibility Good shape born from Fundamentals Fundamentals access PP methods
  26. 26. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org
  27. 27. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Shape Technical model is the most efficient and effective shape Inability to ‘access’ the shapes needed for performance Ability to maintain shape under increasing loads underpins performance Capacity to maintain shape on a repeated basis underpins long term performance
  28. 28. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Shape Shape is what we ‘see’ Shape is what we – ‘athlete & Coach’ seek to change Shape is the outcome of a complex blend Good shape is efficient, powerful, resilient Poor shape is wasteful, inefficient, risk laden Poor shape is ‘trainable’
  29. 29. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Simple? Good shape ‘feels’ good If it looks good it probably is good
  30. 30. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org Thank You ?
  31. 31. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org How Shape evolves...  Coaching instruction provides feedback & guides athlete towards a technical model  Self-awareness allows the athlete to accurately represent how good shape ‘feels’  Individual factors such as; Muscle strengths & weaknesses, ROM’s, skeletal structure  Previous injury, individual anatomical differences, postural quirks, residual fatigue etc  Time spent in specific movement patterns => Shape evolves to (a) get the job done for the least energy cost, & (b) for the minimum of discomfort
  32. 32. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org What are the building blocks of Movement skill? Fundamental movement patterns Fundamental movement shapes Athlete self awareness and coaching instruction Repeated practice Coordination & conditioning
  33. 33. www.englandathletics.org/east www.englandathletics.org How practice changes Coordination... In the brain Representation of the body becomes sharper & more precise In the nervous system Speed & clarity of signal improves In the muscle Motor units become more readily accessible

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