Doménikos
Theotokópoulos
El GRECO

GREEK TEAM
El Greco or
Doménikos
Theotokópoulos
(1541 – 1614)

was a
painter, sculptor
and architect of
the Spanish
Renaissance
"El Greco" (The Greek) was a nickname, a
reference to his national Greek origin, and
the artist normally signed his painti...
Early years in Greece
He was born in Candia, Crete, which was at
that time part of the Republic of
Venice, and the center ...
Early WorkCretan period


1565-1566

Dormition of the
Virgin, Holy

Cathedral of the
Dormition of the
Virgin, Hermoupo
li...
Venice






About 1566, El Greco Went to Venice where
he remained until 1570.
He was employed in the workshop of Titia...
Christ Healing the Blind, by El Greco
Christ Healing the Blind Man. 1560s. Oil on panel. Alte Meister Gallerie,
Dresden, Germany
Rome




In 1570, El Greco moved to Rome, where
he executed a series of works strongly
marked by his Venetian apprentice...
Two of El Greco’s paintings
included in Orsini’s collection
El Greco’s Allegory of the Holy League
said to be heavily influenced by Michelangelo
Other paintings by El Greco during his time in Italy

Christ driving the
traders from the
temple - El Greco

El Greco pain...
Spain




In 1577, El Greco migrated to Madrid, then to
Toledo, where he produced his mature works.
He arrived in Toledo...
View of
Toledo
c. 1597, Oil
on canvas
The
Metropolitan
Museum of
Art, New York
Toledo


By September 1579 he had completed
nine paintings for Santo Domingo,
including The Trinity and The Assumption

o...
Assumption of the Virgin. 1577-1579.
Oil on canvas. Art Institute of Chicago,
Chicago, IL, USA.
The end






During the course of the execution of a
commission for the Hospital Tavera , El Greco
fell seriously ill,...
The Burial of the Count of Orgaz
The Disrobing of Christ
El Greco’s
famous works

The Resurrection
1584-1594. Oil on canvas.
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
El Greco. Mary

Magdalen in
Penitence. c. 1577.

Oil on canvas. Worcester
Art Museum, Worcester,
Massachusetts, USA

His a...
Baptism of
Christ

1597-1600 Oil
on canvas, 350 x
144 cm; Museo
del Prado,
Madrid

The Holy Trinity

1577 Oil on
canvas, 3...
The statue of
Laocoön and His
Sons, also called
the Laocoön Group
shows the Trojan
priest Laocoön and
his sons being
stran...
St.Peter in Tears. c.
1580-1585. Oil on
canvas. The Bowes
Museum, Barnard
Castle, Couty
Durham, UK
Christ Carrying the
Cross. c. 1590-1595.
Oil on canvas. Oscar
B. Cintas
Foundation, NY,
USA
Christ on the Cross with
Landscapes. c. 1605-1610. Oil on

canvas. The Cleveland Museum of
Art, Cleveland, USA
El Greco - Self Portrait
as Saint Luke c1604
(one of the Portraits of
the Apostles in the
Sacristy of Toledo
Cathedral)
Thank you!
El greco final2
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  • The story of Resurrection is told with variation in details in all four Gospels: Matthew 28:1-10; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-9; John 20:1-18. Three days after Christ’s Entombment, at the end of Sabbath, the women (St. Mark names Mary of Magdala, Mary, mother of James, and Salome) went to Holy Sepulchre to embalm Christ’s body, wondering on their way how they would be able to roll away the heavy stone in front of the tomb. They found the tomb already open and in front stood a youth clad in white, who told them, that Christ was not in the tomb but was risen. This episode is also called in fine arts Holy Women at the Sepulchre.
  • He was… “a man of eccentric habits and ideas, of tremendous determination, extraordinary reticence, and extreme devoutness.” He was valued and respected by the intellectuals of Toledo.
  • El greco final2

    1. 1. Doménikos Theotokópoulos El GRECO GREEK TEAM
    2. 2. El Greco or Doménikos Theotokópoulos (1541 – 1614) was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance
    3. 3. "El Greco" (The Greek) was a nickname, a reference to his national Greek origin, and the artist normally signed his paintings with his full birth name in Greek letters, Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος (Doménikos Theotokópoulos), often adding the word Κρής "Cretan".
    4. 4. Early years in Greece He was born in Candia, Crete, which was at that time part of the Republic of Venice, and the center of Post-Byzantine art.  He trained and became a master in Crete before travelling at age 26 to Venice, as many other Greek artists . 
    5. 5. Early WorkCretan period  1565-1566 Dormition of the Virgin, Holy Cathedral of the Dormition of the Virgin, Hermoupo lis, Syros, Greece .
    6. 6. Venice    About 1566, El Greco Went to Venice where he remained until 1570. He was employed in the workshop of Titian and was also strongly influenced by Tintoretto both masters of the high Renaissance. Early Venetian paintings such as “Christ healing the blind man” demonstrated his Assimilation of Tintoretto’s figural compositions and use of deep spatial recesses.
    7. 7. Christ Healing the Blind, by El Greco
    8. 8. Christ Healing the Blind Man. 1560s. Oil on panel. Alte Meister Gallerie, Dresden, Germany
    9. 9. Rome   In 1570, El Greco moved to Rome, where he executed a series of works strongly marked by his Venetian apprenticeship. During his stay in Italy, El Greco enriched his style with elements of Mannerism and of the Venetian Renaissance. Jacopo Tintoretto
    10. 10. Two of El Greco’s paintings included in Orsini’s collection
    11. 11. El Greco’s Allegory of the Holy League said to be heavily influenced by Michelangelo
    12. 12. Other paintings by El Greco during his time in Italy Christ driving the traders from the temple - El Greco El Greco painting of St John The Evangelist And St Francis Italian Annunciation painting by El Greco
    13. 13. Spain   In 1577, El Greco migrated to Madrid, then to Toledo, where he produced his mature works. He arrived in Toledo by July 1577, and signed contracts for a group of paintings that was to adorn the church of Santo Domingo el Antiguo in Toledo and for the renowned El Espolio.
    14. 14. View of Toledo c. 1597, Oil on canvas The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
    15. 15. Toledo  By September 1579 he had completed nine paintings for Santo Domingo, including The Trinity and The Assumption of the Virgin  He did manage to secure two important commissions from the monarch: Allegory of the Holy League and Martyrdom of St. Maurice
    16. 16. Assumption of the Virgin. 1577-1579. Oil on canvas. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
    17. 17. The end    During the course of the execution of a commission for the Hospital Tavera , El Greco fell seriously ill, and a month later, on 7 April 1614, he died. A few days earlier, on 31 March, he had directed that his son should have the power to make his will. Two Greeks, friends of the painter, witnessed this last will and , he was buried in the Church of Santo Domingo el Antiguo , aged 73.
    18. 18. The Burial of the Count of Orgaz
    19. 19. The Disrobing of Christ
    20. 20. El Greco’s famous works The Resurrection 1584-1594. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
    21. 21. El Greco. Mary Magdalen in Penitence. c. 1577. Oil on canvas. Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA His artistic roots are diverse: he traveled between Greece, Venice, Rome, and Spain (settling in Toledo). The Christian doctrines of Spain made a crucial impact on his approach to painting, and his art represents a blend of passion and restraint, religious fervor and Neo-Platonism, influenced by the mysticism of the Counter-Reformation.
    22. 22. Baptism of Christ 1597-1600 Oil on canvas, 350 x 144 cm; Museo del Prado, Madrid The Holy Trinity 1577 Oil on canvas, 300 x 179 cm (118 1/8 x 70 1/2"); Museo del Prado, Madrid
    23. 23. The statue of Laocoön and His Sons, also called the Laocoön Group shows the Trojan priest Laocoön and his sons being strangled by sea serpents.
    24. 24. St.Peter in Tears. c. 1580-1585. Oil on canvas. The Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Couty Durham, UK
    25. 25. Christ Carrying the Cross. c. 1590-1595. Oil on canvas. Oscar B. Cintas Foundation, NY, USA
    26. 26. Christ on the Cross with Landscapes. c. 1605-1610. Oil on canvas. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, USA
    27. 27. El Greco - Self Portrait as Saint Luke c1604 (one of the Portraits of the Apostles in the Sacristy of Toledo Cathedral)
    28. 28. Thank you!

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