“Amazing Grace” Series
TGP’s “Amazing Grace” Series has 4 parts:
1. What’s so amazing about God’s wonderful
grace?
2. Sin, forgiveness, confessio...
This is Session 3:
Will a Christian Be Judged?
What does the Bible say about judgment?
. . . . “people are destined
to die once, and after that
to face judgment” . . .(H...
But what do you make of this: (Romans 8:1):
. . . there is now
no judgment
( or condemnation)
for those who are
in Christ ...
Or this: (John 5:24):
Very truly I tell you,
whoever hears my word and
believes him who sent me
has eternal life and will
...
So, does the Bible contradict itself,
as many skeptics believe?
One minute it makes a general statement:
“people will die ...
In the PAWI training book called “Biblical
Beliefs” there is an interesting teaching
called –
JUDGMENT AT THE CROSS
Let’s ...
Judgments of Believers
Most people think of all judgment taking place
after the resurrections.
One judgment at least takes...
Judgment at the cross.
Judgment in a criminal case is the settlement of a
breach against the law of society.
Judgment in a...
Judgment at the cross (continued)
Christ has been appointed to judge the world, and at
His judgment the sinner will be on ...
. . . .”there is now no judgment for those who
are in Christ Jesus” (Rom 8:1), for by Christ
“all that believe are justifi...
So, what is this wonderful thing called
JUSTIFICATION
that saves us from God’s JUDGMENT?
And how is justification
far more...
If you don’t know the answer to this, you should
sign up for The Gathering Place’s Course called
“Amazing Grace”
In this c...
But we don’t have time today to look deeply at
God’s wonderful act of Justification.
That’s a whole study in itself.
We wa...
“Confusing” Judgment
Scripture passage number 2!
“The judgment seat of Christ.”
”For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ,
so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things
d...
“After all, who is Apollos? Who is Paul? We are
only God’s servants through whom
you believed the Good News.
Each of us di...
Because of God’s grace to me, I have laid the
foundation like an expert builder.
Now others are building on it.
Anyone who...
NOW we can understand WHO and WHAT is being
judged at the judgment seat of Christ!
CHRISTIANS (believers) are being judged...
Let’s quote “Biblical Beliefs” for a fuller explanation:
“These passages in Corinthians have to do
solely with BELIEVERS ....
“As men are pardoned INDIVIDUALLY, so they are
rewarded ONE BY ONE.
The result of individual acceptance of
God’s PARDON is...
Christians should not be AFRAID to think of
standing before Christ’s judgment seat!
SIN will not be judged there – our WOR...
NEXT:
“Confusing” Judgment
Scripture passage number 3!
“A fearful expectation of judgment”
Onto the third “confusing” Scripture passage about
judgment: (Hebrews 10: 26)
“If we deliberately keep on sinning
after we...
How can we understand this when we read in
Romans 8: 1 -
“there is now NO JUDGMENT (condemnation)
for those who are in Chr...
To understand Hebrews 10: 26, we need to ask:
1. Who was the book of Hebrews written to?
2. Did some of them have an Old C...
First, let’s look at the 6 main themes of Hebrews.
(As we do this,
the first 3 questions on the last slide
will be answere...
1. Jesus is superior to the Old Covenant prophets;
superior to angels; to Moses;
to the Old Covenant High Priests.
2. Jesu...
4. Some Israelites were having a hard time letting go of
the Old Covenant teachings and practices – they were
“kind of bel...
So, with these questions and themes in mind, let’s look at
Hebrews 10: 26 – 39:
“If we deliberately keep on sinning after ...
“Remember those earlier days after you had
received the light, when you endured in a
great conflict full of suffering.
Som...
“You need to persevere so that when you have done
the will of God, you will receive what he has
promised. For,
“In just a ...
Two important questions:
1. What happened to someone who rejected the
law of Moses?
2. Why should someone deserve to be pu...
How much more severely do you think someone
deserves to be punished who has
(1) trampled the Son of God underfoot,
who has...
• Because of persecution and suffering,
these people are in great DANGER.
• They are in danger of doing 3 things that will...
The writer of Hebrews is saying:
“Remember what a great salvation we have
in Jesus!”
“Don’t give it up because of persecut...
Rejecting the law of Moses (the Old Covenant law)
resulted in DEATH.
A person who rejects God’s wonderful
New Covenant Sav...
FINALLY:
“Confusing” Judgment
Scripture passage number 4!
“Eating and drinking
judgment on yourself.”
This is 1 Corinthians 11: 17 – 34, the well-known
“Lord’s Supper” passage.
The words “judge” or “judgment” appear FOUR
tim...
He then usually invites the people to examine
themselves for a couple of minutes
and silently confess any unconfessed sin,...
This must make our Lord Jesus Christ
VERY SAD.
Perhaps He thinks, “Do these people think we are
still in the Old Covenant,...
“Did they not hear what I said the night before I
shed MY blood?”
I said:
“This cup is the New Covenant
between God and hi...
“Do they not understand that MY blood,
the blood of The Lamb of God,
TOOK AWAY the sin of the world?”
“Do they not underst...
“Don’t they understand that MY shed blood
enables New Covenant believers to
experience something that
Old Covenant people ...
“The Lord’s Supper should be a time of
JOYFUL CELEBRATION and REMEMBRANCE
of MY shed blood –
MY FINAL and COMPLETE sacrifi...
So, we have now established that
“unconfessed sin”
is NOT the reason why the believers in Corinth
were in danger of eating...
So, WHY were the
Corinthians in danger of
eating and drinking
judgment upon
themselves?
The answer is found in the last 2 verses of
1 Cor 11: 17 – 34.
(This is where Paul tells the Corinthians
what they must do...
TWO simple things they must do!!
1. EAT AT HOME before they come to meet.
2. WAIT FOR EACH OTHER when they have
gathered.
...
Because the reasons the Corinthians were eating
the bread and drinking the cup of the Lord
in an unworthy manner is that t...
Here’s how they didn’t recognize or honour
the body of Christ at 2 levels:
1. They were so eager to “chow down” on the mea...
The Corinthians’ problem was NOT
“unconfessed sin” in their lives!
Their problem was that in their
GREED and SELFISHNESS,
...
What can WE learn from this?
When WE meet for The Lord’s Supper,
WE TOO need to recognize and honour
the body of Christ at...
But NEVER AGAIN should we let someone
STEAL OUR JOY as we share the Lord’s Supper
by making us feel GUILTY about “unconfes...
Jesus did not give us the Lord’s Supper so that we
can remember how SINFUL we are.
What Jesus wants us to remember is this...
Jesus gave us the Lord’s Supper so that we can
remember how FORGIVEN we are!
In Jesus, God has TAKEN AWAY ALL OUR SIN and
...
The world should want what we
Christians have because of our
JOY
May these
4 TRUTHS ABOUT JUDGMENT
Bring us great
JOY and PEACE
as we accept them and
learn to rest in them.
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Will a Christian be Judged

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Part 3 of "The Amazing Grace" series at The Gathering Place by Don Nothnagel.

Excellent insights into the Bible's position on Christians and God's Judgment,

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Will a Christian be Judged

  1. 1. “Amazing Grace” Series
  2. 2. TGP’s “Amazing Grace” Series has 4 parts: 1. What’s so amazing about God’s wonderful grace? 2. Sin, forgiveness, confession – how do they relate under God’s New Covenant grace? 3. Judgment – will a Christian be judged? 4. “The Law has its place, then it must give way to Grace.” What’s the relationship between God’s Law and His Grace?
  3. 3. This is Session 3: Will a Christian Be Judged?
  4. 4. What does the Bible say about judgment? . . . . “people are destined to die once, and after that to face judgment” . . .(Heb 9: 27) What could be clearer than this? God clearly says in the Bible that we will die and after we die, we will face judgment.
  5. 5. But what do you make of this: (Romans 8:1): . . . there is now no judgment ( or condemnation) for those who are in Christ Jesus . .
  6. 6. Or this: (John 5:24): Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged (or condemned) but has crossed over from death to life.
  7. 7. So, does the Bible contradict itself, as many skeptics believe? One minute it makes a general statement: “people will die and then face judgment.” But then it says that SOME people will NOT be judged or condemned. Can BOTH these statements about Judgment be correct?
  8. 8. In the PAWI training book called “Biblical Beliefs” there is an interesting teaching called – JUDGMENT AT THE CROSS Let’s see if it answers our question about Judgment! Here’s what it says:
  9. 9. Judgments of Believers Most people think of all judgment taking place after the resurrections. One judgment at least takes place before death. Death is decreed on every person because of sin and sin must be judged. The judgment of believers as sinners has already taken place through Christ’s redemptive work on the cross. (John 3:18 and 5:24)
  10. 10. Judgment at the cross. Judgment in a criminal case is the settlement of a breach against the law of society. Judgment in a civil case is the settlement of a controversy between two individuals. But no one is tried before a judge for guilt IF HE HAS ALREADY PLEADED GUILTY.
  11. 11. Judgment at the cross (continued) Christ has been appointed to judge the world, and at His judgment the sinner will be on trial for his sins. But if the sinner has PREVIOUSLY PLEADED GUILTY and accepted the pardon offered to him in Jesus Christ . . .”there is now no judgment for those who are in Christ Jesus” (Rom 8:1), for by Christ “all that believe are justified from all things from which they could not be justified by the law of Moses.” (Acts 13:38) As soon as men plead guilty and accept God’s gracious provision for their sins, Christ will answer for them. There is no future judgment for sin for the believer. That has taken place at the cross.
  12. 12. . . . .”there is now no judgment for those who are in Christ Jesus” (Rom 8:1), for by Christ “all that believe are justified from all things from which they could not be justified by the law of Moses.” (Acts 13:38) . . . . . So, the Bible does NOT contradict itself – it teaches that every person will face judgment after death UNLESS while still alive, they believed in Jesus and God justified them.
  13. 13. So, what is this wonderful thing called JUSTIFICATION that saves us from God’s JUDGMENT? And how is justification far more than a pardon?
  14. 14. If you don’t know the answer to this, you should sign up for The Gathering Place’s Course called “Amazing Grace” In this course, you’ll discover 6 Amazing Truths about our salvation in Jesus. You’ll discover that when God justifies us , He declares us to be as righteous as Jesus Himself!
  15. 15. But we don’t have time today to look deeply at God’s wonderful act of Justification. That’s a whole study in itself. We want to look today at 3 other areas where people may be confused about Judgment and Condemnation. Here’s a very common one:
  16. 16. “Confusing” Judgment Scripture passage number 2! “The judgment seat of Christ.”
  17. 17. ”For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.” (2 Cor 5: 10) Once again, we read here that we must ALL appear before the judgment seat of Christ. How can we understand this when we read in Romans 8: 1 - “there is now NO JUDGMENT (condemnation) for those who are in Christ Jesus.” Again, we look to the PAWI training book “Biblical Beliefs” for an answer. The first thing this book does to help us understand is to quote another passage of Scripture: (1 Cor 3: 5 – 15)
  18. 18. “After all, who is Apollos? Who is Paul? We are only God’s servants through whom you believed the Good News. Each of us did the WORK the Lord gave us. I planted the seed in your hearts, and Apollos watered it, but it was God who made it grow. The one who plants and the one who waters WORK together with the same purpose. And both will be rewarded for their own hard WORK. For we are both God’s WORKERS. . . .
  19. 19. Because of God’s grace to me, I have laid the foundation like an expert builder. Now others are building on it. Anyone who builds on that foundation may use a variety of materials—gold, silver, jewels, wood, hay, or straw. . . . But on the judgment day, fire will reveal what kind of WORK each builder has done. The fire will show if a person’s WORK has any value. If the WORK survives, that builder will receive a reward. But if the WORK is burned up, the builder will suffer great loss. The builder will be saved, but like someone barely escaping through a wall of flames.
  20. 20. NOW we can understand WHO and WHAT is being judged at the judgment seat of Christ! CHRISTIANS (believers) are being judged – and WHAT is being judged (or evaluated) is their WORK AS Christians, AFTER they believed and were saved. This is NOT a judgment of SIN, but a judgment of WORKS!
  21. 21. Let’s quote “Biblical Beliefs” for a fuller explanation: “These passages in Corinthians have to do solely with BELIEVERS . . . This is NOT a judgment for SIN, but for WORKS. Judgment for SIN was ALREADY ACCOMPLISHED for the believer by Christ. Salvation is a GIFT. Rewards are EARNED. This is a judgment of one’s ACCOMPLISHMENTS . . . This judgment will test the believer’s WORK by fire. The wise and worthy builder will receive a reward. The unwise builder . . .”shall suffer loss, but he himself shall be saved . . “ (1 Cor 3: 15)
  22. 22. “As men are pardoned INDIVIDUALLY, so they are rewarded ONE BY ONE. The result of individual acceptance of God’s PARDON is eternal salvation, but the result of individual SERVICE is the inheritance of personal treasure laid up where neither moth nor rust corrupt and where thieves do not break through and steal.” (End of quote from “Biblical Beliefs.”)
  23. 23. Christians should not be AFRAID to think of standing before Christ’s judgment seat! SIN will not be judged there – our WORK as Christians will! Thinking of standing there should give us great ZEAL to do the WORK for the Lord that He has given each one of us to do!
  24. 24. NEXT: “Confusing” Judgment Scripture passage number 3! “A fearful expectation of judgment”
  25. 25. Onto the third “confusing” Scripture passage about judgment: (Hebrews 10: 26) “If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God.”
  26. 26. How can we understand this when we read in Romans 8: 1 - “there is now NO JUDGMENT (condemnation) for those who are in Christ Jesus.”
  27. 27. To understand Hebrews 10: 26, we need to ask: 1. Who was the book of Hebrews written to? 2. Did some of them have an Old Covenant mindset about the relationship between them and God? Was this mindset still correct after the death of Jesus ushered in the New Covenant? 3. Were Christians at that time facing a lot of persecution for being Christians? 4. What are the main themes of Hebrews?
  28. 28. First, let’s look at the 6 main themes of Hebrews. (As we do this, the first 3 questions on the last slide will be answered.)
  29. 29. 1. Jesus is superior to the Old Covenant prophets; superior to angels; to Moses; to the Old Covenant High Priests. 2. Jesus’ sacrifice for our sins is better than the Old Covenant sacrifices for sin. 3. Now that Jesus has given Himself as the final “once for all, for ever” sacrifice, the Old Covenant sacrifices are obsolete and there is no longer any more sacrifice for sin.
  30. 30. 4. Some Israelites were having a hard time letting go of the Old Covenant teachings and practices – they were “kind of believing” in Jesus while still “kind of believing” in the Old Covenant way of trying to be right in God’s sight. 5. Others had accepted Jesus as their savior, but were getting a lot of persecution and suffering because of this. They were tempted to stop believing in Jesus and go back to the Old Covenant way. 6. The big final theme of Hebrews is the writer trying to get the Israelites to trust COMPLETELY in Jesus (and give up their Old Covenant practices) and once they have trusted in Him to KEEP on believing and not to go back to being unbelievers.
  31. 31. So, with these questions and themes in mind, let’s look at Hebrews 10: 26 – 39: “If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace?”
  32. 32. “Remember those earlier days after you had received the light, when you endured in a great conflict full of suffering. Sometimes you were publicly exposed to insult and persecution; at other times you stood side by side with those who were so treated. You suffered along with those in prison and joyfully accepted the confiscation of your property, because you knew that you yourselves had better and lasting possessions. So do not throw away your confidence; it will be richly rewarded.”
  33. 33. “You need to persevere so that when you have done the will of God, you will receive what he has promised. For, “In just a little while, he who is coming will come and will not delay.” And, “My righteous one will live by faith. And I take no pleasure in the one who shrinks back.” But we do not belong to those who shrink back and are destroyed, but to those who have faith and are saved.”
  34. 34. Two important questions: 1. What happened to someone who rejected the law of Moses? 2. Why should someone deserve to be punished MORE SEVERELY than this? What 3 things were THESE people in danger of doing because of persecution and suffering? Here’s what they were in danger of doing:
  35. 35. How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has (1) trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has (2) treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has (3) insulted the Spirit of grace?”
  36. 36. • Because of persecution and suffering, these people are in great DANGER. • They are in danger of doing 3 things that will mean they are REJECTING God’s New Covenant Saving Grace, bought by the shed blood of Jesus Christ. • If a person rejects this “so great salvation”, NO SACRIFICE FOR SINS IS LEFT. • Hebrews 10: 26 is warning people about the sin of NOT BELIEVING IN THE FINISHED SAVING WORK OF JESUS.
  37. 37. The writer of Hebrews is saying: “Remember what a great salvation we have in Jesus!” “Don’t give it up because of persecution!” He ends by prophesying that the Hebrews will NOT give up: “But we do not belong to those who shrink back and are destroyed, but to those who have faith and are saved.” The sin that will result in a “fearful expectation of judgment” is the sin of UNBELIEF in Jesus.
  38. 38. Rejecting the law of Moses (the Old Covenant law) resulted in DEATH. A person who rejects God’s wonderful New Covenant Saving Grace “deserves to be punished more severely ” because they are rejecting something of INFINITE greater worth! We Christians today, too, must NOT shrink back! We, too, must PERSEVERE in our FAITH and be SAVED.
  39. 39. FINALLY: “Confusing” Judgment Scripture passage number 4! “Eating and drinking judgment on yourself.”
  40. 40. This is 1 Corinthians 11: 17 – 34, the well-known “Lord’s Supper” passage. The words “judge” or “judgment” appear FOUR times in this passage. Sadly, after it is read before the Lord’s Supper is about to be shared, the pastor usually tells the flock that if they partake with UNCONFESSED SIN in their lives, they will be eating and drinking JUDGMENT upon themselves.
  41. 41. He then usually invites the people to examine themselves for a couple of minutes and silently confess any unconfessed sin, so that they may partake “worthily.” The result of this is that many people then partake WITH GUILT ( and some don’t partake AT ALL), because they are wondering, “Did I remember and confess EVERY sin?”
  42. 42. This must make our Lord Jesus Christ VERY SAD. Perhaps He thinks, “Do these people think we are still in the Old Covenant, with Days of Atonement, when the people confessed their sin and rebellion again and again, because the shed blood of bulls and goats could only COVER sin and could not TAKE IT AWAY?”
  43. 43. “Did they not hear what I said the night before I shed MY blood?” I said: “This cup is the New Covenant between God and his people— an agreement confirmed with MY BLOOD. Do this to remember me as often as you drink it.”
  44. 44. “Do they not understand that MY blood, the blood of The Lamb of God, TOOK AWAY the sin of the world?” “Do they not understand that I gave them the “Lord’s Supper” so that they could REMEMBER AND CELEBRATE THAT I TOOK THEIR SIN AWAY?”
  45. 45. “Don’t they understand that MY shed blood enables New Covenant believers to experience something that Old Covenant people could never experience?” “That in the New Covenant, sacrifices would STOP being offered, because worshippers would be cleansed ONCE FOR ALL, FOR ALL TIME and would NO LONGER FEEL GUILTY FOR THEIR SINS.” (See Hebrews 10: 1-2)
  46. 46. “The Lord’s Supper should be a time of JOYFUL CELEBRATION and REMEMBRANCE of MY shed blood – MY FINAL and COMPLETE sacrifice that TOOK AWAY the sin of the whole world. Who dares to turn it into a time of GUILT and CONDEMNATION?” (End of what we imagine Jesus might think.)
  47. 47. So, we have now established that “unconfessed sin” is NOT the reason why the believers in Corinth were in danger of eating and drinking judgment on themselves as they shared the Lord’s Supper! The reason that the Lord’s Supper EXISTS is that Jesus’ shed blood ushered in a brand NEW COVENANT – a BETTER Covenant under which ALL our sins, past, present and future, have been TAKEN AWAY by HIS BLOOD!
  48. 48. So, WHY were the Corinthians in danger of eating and drinking judgment upon themselves?
  49. 49. The answer is found in the last 2 verses of 1 Cor 11: 17 – 34. (This is where Paul tells the Corinthians what they must do to avoid bringing judgment upon themselves.) And HOW simple the solution is!! “So, my dear brothers and sisters, when you gather for the Lord’s Supper, wait for each other. If you are really hungry, eat at home so you won’t bring judgment upon yourselves when you meet together.”
  50. 50. TWO simple things they must do!! 1. EAT AT HOME before they come to meet. 2. WAIT FOR EACH OTHER when they have gathered. If they do these two simple things, they will not bring judgment on themselves. How come?
  51. 51. Because the reasons the Corinthians were eating the bread and drinking the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner is that they were not “recognizing the body of the Lord” nor “honouring the body of Christ.” They were not recognizing or honouring His body at 2 levels: (REMEMBER! When THEY came together to celebrate the Lord’s Supper, they had a FULL MEAL!)
  52. 52. Here’s how they didn’t recognize or honour the body of Christ at 2 levels: 1. They were so eager to “chow down” on the meal that they took no time to remember the Lord’s broken body and shed blood for them – they ignored the very purpose for which they had gathered – the very purpose of the Lord’s Supper. 2. They were so eager to “chow down” that they did not recognize that they, TOGETHER, were the Body of Christ on the earth. Instead of being patient and polite as the meal was being served, they grabbed lots and started gobbling before seeing if there was enough food for everyone, so some went hungry.
  53. 53. The Corinthians’ problem was NOT “unconfessed sin” in their lives! Their problem was that in their GREED and SELFISHNESS, they were not recognizing or honoring the body of Christ. (at 2 levels, as we have seen.)
  54. 54. What can WE learn from this? When WE meet for The Lord’s Supper, WE TOO need to recognize and honour the body of Christ at these two levels! 1. The Lord’s Supper is not just a ritual – we must partake in JOYFUL remembrance of Jesus’ broken body and shed blood that TOOK AWAY our sins. 2. We must also recognize and honour EACH OTHER as vital parts of the body of Christ here on earth – fellow believers who remember together what our Saviour did. We must remember that WE together are now His ambassadors, appealing to unbelievers to be reconciled to God!
  55. 55. But NEVER AGAIN should we let someone STEAL OUR JOY as we share the Lord’s Supper by making us feel GUILTY about “unconfessed sin.” The reason that the Lord’s Supper EXISTS is that Jesus’ shed blood ushered in a brand NEW COVENANT – a BETTER Covenant under which ALL our sins, past, present and future, have been TAKEN AWAY by HIS BLOOD!
  56. 56. Jesus did not give us the Lord’s Supper so that we can remember how SINFUL we are. What Jesus wants us to remember is this: “God was reconciling the world to Himself In Christ; NO LONGER COUNTING PEOPLES’ SINS AGAINST THEM.” (2 Cor 5: 19)
  57. 57. Jesus gave us the Lord’s Supper so that we can remember how FORGIVEN we are! In Jesus, God has TAKEN AWAY ALL OUR SIN and He has credited US with HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS – “a righteousness from God that is by faith . . .” Let us remember THIS as we partake with GREAT JOY!
  58. 58. The world should want what we Christians have because of our JOY
  59. 59. May these 4 TRUTHS ABOUT JUDGMENT Bring us great JOY and PEACE as we accept them and learn to rest in them.

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