Pharmacology - dentistry

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Pharmacology - dentistry

  1. 1. BY:DR.SAFA BAKR KARIM M.B.CH.B.,H.D.A.,F.I.B.M.S.
  2. 2. <ul><li>OPIOIDS </li></ul><ul><li>1.Define general anesthesia. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Define Opioid drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Give examples of Opioid agonist, Opioid antagonist, and Opioid agonist-antagonist. </li></ul><ul><li>4.What are endogenous Opioids, in which system they are important. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>5.What are Opioid receptors. </li></ul><ul><li>6.What are the central depressant actions and side effects of Morphine. </li></ul><ul><li>7.What are the central excitatory actions and side effects of Morphine. </li></ul><ul><li>8.What are the peripheral actions and side effects of Morphine. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>9.What are the actions and side effects of Pethidine. </li></ul><ul><li>10.What are the actions and side effects of Fentanyl. </li></ul><ul><li>11.What are the actions and side effects of Alfentanil. </li></ul><ul><li>12.What are the actions of Naloxone. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>INTRA-VENOUS AND INHALATIONAL ANESTHETICS </li></ul><ul><li>1.Classify I.V. anesthetic drugs, give the name of the group and example. </li></ul><ul><li>2.What are the phases of G.A. </li></ul><ul><li>3.What are the stages of G.A. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>4.What are the clinical effects of Benzodiazepines. </li></ul><ul><li>5.What are the side effects of Nitrous Oxide. </li></ul><ul><li>6.What are the clinical effects of Halothane. </li></ul><ul><li>7.What are the side effects of Halothane. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>LOCAL ANESTHETICS </li></ul><ul><li>1.Difine L.A. agents. </li></ul><ul><li>2.What are the factors which influence activity of L.A. agents. </li></ul><ul><li>3.What are the toxic CNS effects of L.A. agents. </li></ul><ul><li>4.What are the toxic CVS effects of L.A. agents. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>5.What are the toxic RS effects of L.A. agents. </li></ul><ul><li>6.The toxicity of L.A. is influenced by what. </li></ul><ul><li>7.What are the factors which affect L.A. toxicity. </li></ul><ul><li>8.Classify L.A. agents, give examples. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>9.Toxicity of Bupivacaine can be minimized by what. </li></ul><ul><li>10.What is the metabolite of Prilocaine and its side effects and treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>11.What is the Emla cream and its use. </li></ul><ul><li>12.What are the additives in L.A. and their use. </li></ul><ul><li>13.What are the effects of Adrenaline with L.A. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>MUSCLE RELAXANTS (M.R.) </li></ul><ul><li>1.What is the definition of M.R., and their actions. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Classify M.R., give examples. </li></ul><ul><li>3.What are the clinical effects of Suxamethonium. </li></ul><ul><li>4.What are the side effects of Suxamethonium and its contraindications. </li></ul><ul><li>5.What do you know about Scholine Apnea. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>6.Give five causes of plasma cholinesterase deficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>7.What are the clinical effects of Atracurium. </li></ul><ul><li>8.What are the side effects of Atracurium. </li></ul><ul><li>9.What are the clinical effects of Pancuronium. </li></ul><ul><li>10.What are the clinical effects of Rocuronium. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>11.What are the clinical effects of Vecuronium. </li></ul><ul><li>12.What are the factors which affect the duration of action of non depolarizing M.R. </li></ul><ul><li>13.Classify Anti-Cholinesterases, give example. </li></ul><ul><li>14.What are the clinical effects of Anti-Cholinesterase. </li></ul><ul><li>15.What are the clinical effects of Neostigmin. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Sedative-Hypnotic and Anxiolytic Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>1.Classify Sedative-Hypnotic drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>2.What is the mechanism of action of Benzodiazepines and its antagonist. </li></ul><ul><li>3.What are the clinical uses of Sedative-Hypnotics. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>4.Define tolerance,psychological dependence and physiological dependence. </li></ul><ul><li>5.What are the signs and symptoms of withdrawal (abstinence) syndrome. </li></ul><ul><li>6.What is the treatment of toxicity or overdosage from Sedative-Hypnotics. </li></ul><ul><li>7.Enumerate the atypical Sedative-Hypnotics and give two side effects for each. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Acetaminophen </li></ul><ul><li>1.What are the three therapeutic dose ranges of Aspirin. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Describe REYE “S syndrome. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Mention the adverse effects of Acetaminophen toxicity or overdose and its therapy. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>4.Give two examples of COX-2 selective inhibitors and mention two adverse effects. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Mention two examples of the older non selective NSAIDS and mention two adverse effects. </li></ul><ul><li>6.What is the mechanism of action of Aspirin and NSAIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>7.Mention three adverse effects from Aspirin toxicity. </li></ul><ul><li>8.Mention three clinical uses for NSAIDS. </li></ul>

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