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OVERVIEW OF HIGHER
EDUCATION GOVERNANCE

© 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES
1133 20TH STR...
2

TYPES OF INSTITUTIONS

2
© 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES
1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SU...
3

PUBLIC VS. INDEPENDENT

© 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES
1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUI...
4

ENROLLMENT
9,000,000(
8,000,000(
7,000,000(

8,047,729(
7,062,467(

6,000,000(
5,000,000(

4=year(

3,887,322(

4,000,0...
5

FUNDING AND REGULATION
! The federal government provides funding to
!
!
!

higher education but has little control (for...
6

HIGHER EDUCATION GOVERNING
BODIES
! Boards of Trustees/Regents
! University Councils
! Faculty Senates
! University Ass...
7

WHAT EFFECTIVE U.S.
GOVERNING BOARDS DO
1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 

Ensure the mission is
current (and aligned w/
public p...
8

PRINCIPLES OF U.S. BOARD WORK
!
!
!
!
!

Authority lies in the corporate body.
Presidents and boards have both independ...
9

AVERAGE BOARD SIZE
35#
29#

30#
25#
20#
15#

12#

10#
5#
0#

Public#

Privates#

9
© 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOAR...
10

GENDER OF BOARD MEMBERS
Private Institutions

Public Institutions

30%

28%
Male
Female
70%

Male
Female
72%

© 2014 A...
11

RACE AND ETHNICITY OF BOARD MEMBERS
Independent Institutions
0.40%

0.70%
7%

2% 2%

African American
Hispanic
Asian a...
12

RACE AND ETHNICITY OF BOARD MEMBERS
Public Institutions
0.40%
0.70%

3%

African American
16%

Hispanic
4%

74%

2%

A...
13

AGE OF BOARD MEMBERS
Private Institutions

17%

83%

Public Institutions

19%

Under 50
50 and
Older

81%

Under 50
50...
14

MOST COMMON BOARD
COMMITTEES
Audit

Private institutions have
an average of 8 standing
committees.

65%

Academic Affa...
15

MOST COMMON BOARD
COMMITTEES
Facilities

Public boards have an
average of 5 standing
committees

35%
40%

Education

4...
16

AVERAGE NUMBER OF TRUSTEES
EMERITI BY INSTITUTION TYPE
25

Average number of private
trustees emeriti is 10. The
avera...
17

PERCENTAGE OF INSTITUTIONS THAT
OFFER TRUSTEES EMERITI STATUS AFTER
THEIR RETIREMENT FROM THE BOARD
70%

The average n...
18

MEMBERSHIP: WHO SERVES
!
!
!
!
!

Members of the Community
Faculty
Administrators
Government Officials
Owners/Sharehol...
19

Presidents)on)the)the)Boards)of)Private)Ins1tu1ons)

23%$
Boards$with$Presidents$as$
Vo5ng$Members$
53%$
24%$

Boards$...
20

Students(on(the(Boards(of(Private(Ins3tu3ons(
9%#
13%#

Boards#with#Students#as#
Vo7ng#Members#
Boards#with#Students#a...
21

Faculty(on(the(Boards(of(Private(Ins6tu6ons(

15%$

14%$

71%$

Boards$with$Faculty$as$
Vo7ng$Members$
Boards$with$Fac...
22

Staff%Members%on%the%Boards%of%Private%Ins6tu6ons%

20%$

Boards$with$Staff$
Members$as$Vo9ng$
Members$

15%$
65%$

Boar...
23

Presidents on the Boards of Public Institutions
6%

21%

Boards with Presidents
as Voting Members
Boards with Presiden...
24

Students on the Boards of Public Institutions

22%

50%

Boards with Students as
Voting Members
Boards with Students a...
25

Faculty on the Boards of Public Institutions

13%

10%

Boards with Faculty as
Voting Members
Boards with Faculty as
N...
26

Staff Members on the Boards of Public
Institutions
7%

4%
Boards with Staff
Members as Voting
Members
Boards with Staf...
27

EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF BOARD
MEMBERS
90%
80%

81%

82%

70%
60%
50%

Public Institutions

40%

Private Institutions

30%...
28

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BOARD MEMBER
EMPLOYMENT BACKGROUNDS
60%
50%

53%
49%

40%
30%
20%
10%

24%

22%

Public Institution...
29

SOURCES OF SELECTION OF BOARD
MEMBERS OF PUBLIC
INSTITUTIONS
At$private$ins:tu:ons,$each$
ins:tu:on$has$discre:on$over...
30

AVERAGE TERM OF SERVICE
Privates
Publics
! Length of Terms: 4 ! Length of Terms: 6
years
years
! Term Limits: 64% ! Te...
31

CHAIR OF THE BOARD
Who
! CEO of institution
! Member of state
government
! Unaffiliated person

Appointment
! Part of ...
32

BOARD CHAIRS
Private Board Chairs: 70% elected by full
board
Public Board Chairs: 91% elected by full
board

!
!

Boar...
33

FREQUENCY OF MEETINGS
!
!
!
!

Weekly/bi-weekly
Monthly/Bi-monthly
3-4 times per annum
Annually/bi-annually

© 2014 AS...
34

AVERAGE NUMBER OF BOARD
MEETINGS PER YEAR
Publics"

Privates"

7"

4"

Mee&ngs"

© 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARD...
© 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES
1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20...
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AGBU Overview of Higher Education Governance

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Learn more about the composition of governing boards, both public and independent. This presentation presents facts and figures about trustees and governance practices.

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AGBU Overview of Higher Education Governance

  1. 1. OVERVIEW OF HIGHER EDUCATION GOVERNANCE © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  2. 2. 2 TYPES OF INSTITUTIONS 2 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  3. 3. 3 PUBLIC VS. INDEPENDENT © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  4. 4. 4 ENROLLMENT 9,000,000( 8,000,000( 7,000,000( 8,047,729( 7,062,467( 6,000,000( 5,000,000( 4=year( 3,887,322( 4,000,000( 2=year( 3,000,000( 1,559,080( 2,000,000( 1,000,000( 39,864( 0( Public( Private(nonprofit( 397,651( Private(for=profit( © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  5. 5. 5 FUNDING AND REGULATION ! The federal government provides funding to ! ! ! higher education but has little control (for now). Educational standards are voluntary, but occasionally regulated through NGOs. For public universities and colleges, states have the most influence regarding policy, oversight, and funding. Revenue streams are diversified. 5 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  6. 6. 6 HIGHER EDUCATION GOVERNING BODIES ! Boards of Trustees/Regents ! University Councils ! Faculty Senates ! University Assemblies ! Administrative Councils © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  7. 7. 7 WHAT EFFECTIVE U.S. GOVERNING BOARDS DO 1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  6.  Ensure the mission is current (and aligned w/ public purposes) Select the president Work with and assess the president Approve the strategic plan and monitor progress Ensure fiscal integrity and support the college Ensure academic quality and integrity 7.  Protect and preserve academic freedom and institutional autonomy 8.  Ensure policies are current and implemented 9.  Appropriately engage relevant constituencies 10. Act in a transparent, ethical manner and assess own performance © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  8. 8. 8 PRINCIPLES OF U.S. BOARD WORK ! ! ! ! ! Authority lies in the corporate body. Presidents and boards have both independent and shared responsibilities. There should be clear lines of responsibility and communication. There should be shared commitment with administrators and faculty for the good of the institution. Board operates in a culture of cohesiveness, candor and transparency 8 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  9. 9. 9 AVERAGE BOARD SIZE 35# 29# 30# 25# 20# 15# 12# 10# 5# 0# Public# Privates# 9 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  10. 10. 10 GENDER OF BOARD MEMBERS Private Institutions Public Institutions 30% 28% Male Female 70% Male Female 72% © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  11. 11. 11 RACE AND ETHNICITY OF BOARD MEMBERS Independent Institutions 0.40% 0.70% 7% 2% 2% African American Hispanic Asian and Pacific Islander White 88% American Indian and Alaska Native Other Races © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  12. 12. 12 RACE AND ETHNICITY OF BOARD MEMBERS Public Institutions 0.40% 0.70% 3% African American 16% Hispanic 4% 74% 2% Asian and Pacific Islander White American Indian and Alaskan Native Other Races Ethnicity Unknown © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  13. 13. 13 AGE OF BOARD MEMBERS Private Institutions 17% 83% Public Institutions 19% Under 50 50 and Older 81% Under 50 50 and Oder 69% of trustees are 50-69 years old at both private and public institutions © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  14. 14. 14 MOST COMMON BOARD COMMITTEES Audit Private institutions have an average of 8 standing committees. 65% Academic Affairs 79% Executive 82% Governance 84% Development Private Institutions 89% Finance 95% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  15. 15. 15 MOST COMMON BOARD COMMITTEES Facilities Public boards have an average of 5 standing committees 35% 40% Education 43% Executive Academic Affairs Public Institutions 52% 55% Audit Finance 89% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  16. 16. 16 AVERAGE NUMBER OF TRUSTEES EMERITI BY INSTITUTION TYPE 25 Average number of private trustees emeriti is 10. The average number of trustees emeriti at public institutions is 6, although most do not have emeriti members. 21 20 13 15 9 10 5 2 4 Private Institutions 0 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  17. 17. 17 PERCENTAGE OF INSTITUTIONS THAT OFFER TRUSTEES EMERITI STATUS AFTER THEIR RETIREMENT FROM THE BOARD 70% The average number of trustees emeriti at public institutions is 6, although most do not have emeriti members. 66% 60% 50% 44% 40% 30% 20% 22% Private Institutions 18% 14% 8% 10% 1% 0% Do Not Offer to Anyone Offer to a Few Offer to Half 12% 13% Public Institutions 3% Offer to Offer to All Most © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  18. 18. 18 MEMBERSHIP: WHO SERVES ! ! ! ! ! Members of the Community Faculty Administrators Government Officials Owners/Shareholders (for-profit institutions only) © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  19. 19. 19 Presidents)on)the)the)Boards)of)Private)Ins1tu1ons) 23%$ Boards$with$Presidents$as$ Vo5ng$Members$ 53%$ 24%$ Boards$with$Presidents$as$ Non;Vo5ng$Members$ Boards$without$Presidents$ as$Members$ 19 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  20. 20. 20 Students(on(the(Boards(of(Private(Ins3tu3ons( 9%# 13%# Boards#with#Students#as# Vo7ng#Members# Boards#with#Students#as# Non=Vo7ng#Members# Boards#without#Students# as#Members# 78%# 20 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  21. 21. 21 Faculty(on(the(Boards(of(Private(Ins6tu6ons( 15%$ 14%$ 71%$ Boards$with$Faculty$as$ Vo7ng$Members$ Boards$with$Faculty$as$ Non?Vo7ng$Members$ Boards$without$Faculty$as$ Members$ 21 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  22. 22. 22 Staff%Members%on%the%Boards%of%Private%Ins6tu6ons% 20%$ Boards$with$Staff$ Members$as$Vo9ng$ Members$ 15%$ 65%$ Boards$with$Staff$ Members$as$Non=Vo9ng$ Members$ Boards$without$Staff$ Members$as$Members$ 22 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  23. 23. 23 Presidents on the Boards of Public Institutions 6% 21% Boards with Presidents as Voting Members Boards with Presidents as Non-Voting Members Boards without Presidents as Members 73% 23 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  24. 24. 24 Students on the Boards of Public Institutions 22% 50% Boards with Students as Voting Members Boards with Students as Non-Voting Members Boards without Students as Members 28% 24 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  25. 25. 25 Faculty on the Boards of Public Institutions 13% 10% Boards with Faculty as Voting Members Boards with Faculty as Non-Voting Members Boards without Faculty as Members 77% 25 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  26. 26. 26 Staff Members on the Boards of Public Institutions 7% 4% Boards with Staff Members as Voting Members Boards with Staff Members as Non-Voting Members Boards without Staff Members as Members 89% 26 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  27. 27. 27 EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF BOARD MEMBERS 90% 80% 81% 82% 70% 60% 50% Public Institutions 40% Private Institutions 30% 19% 20% 18% 10% 0% Part of the Workforce Retired © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  28. 28. 28 PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BOARD MEMBER EMPLOYMENT BACKGROUNDS 60% 50% 53% 49% 40% 30% 20% 10% 24% 22% Public Institutions 16% 13% 9% Private Institutions 11% 2% 1% 0% © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  29. 29. 29 SOURCES OF SELECTION OF BOARD MEMBERS OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS At$private$ins:tu:ons,$each$ ins:tu:on$has$discre:on$over$its$ own$appointment$process.$ 5%$ 15%$ Gov$w/Legis$confirm$ 3%$ Gov$$ Legisla:ve$appt$ 17%$ 60%$ Elec:on$ Other$$ © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  30. 30. 30 AVERAGE TERM OF SERVICE Privates Publics ! Length of Terms: 4 ! Length of Terms: 6 years years ! Term Limits: 64% ! Term Limits: 48% ! Number of terms ! Number of terms consecutive: 3 consecutive: 2 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  31. 31. 31 CHAIR OF THE BOARD Who ! CEO of institution ! Member of state government ! Unaffiliated person Appointment ! Part of job ! Government role ! Internal appointment ! External government appointment © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  32. 32. 32 BOARD CHAIRS Private Board Chairs: 70% elected by full board Public Board Chairs: 91% elected by full board ! ! Board Chair Length of Service: 79% set limits (91% at 2 years) Chair term limits: 50% ! ! ! Number of terms consecutive: 3 32 © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  33. 33. 33 FREQUENCY OF MEETINGS ! ! ! ! Weekly/bi-weekly Monthly/Bi-monthly 3-4 times per annum Annually/bi-annually © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  34. 34. 34 AVERAGE NUMBER OF BOARD MEETINGS PER YEAR Publics" Privates" 7" 4" Mee&ngs" © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG
  35. 35. © 2014 ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNING BOARDS OF UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES 1133 20TH STREET, N.W., SUITE 300, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 | WWW.AGB.ORG

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