The concept mapping technique was originallydeveloped by Prof. Joseph D.Novak at Cornell University in the 1960s.This work was based on the theories of DavidAusubel, who stressed the importance of priorknowledge in being able to learn about newconcepts.
Concept map is a diagram showing the relationship between concepts.it is a graphical tool for organizing and representing knowledge .
Concept maps are usuallyrepresented in boxes or circles with labeled arrows in downward branching hierarchical structure .
Concept mapping can be used for a number ofdifferent purposes :To generate ideas (e.g. brain storming)To design a complex structure .To communicate complex ideas .To illustrate the relationships between differentcomponents or processes .To aid learning by explicitly integrating new andold knowledge .To assess understanding or diagnosemisunderstanding .
Steps in Constructing Concept Maps :* Select or Focus on a theme and then identifyrelated key words or phrases.* What is the central word, concept, question orproblem around which to build your diagram orconcept map?*What are the concepts, ideas, descriptive wordsor important questions that you can associatewith the main concept, topic, question orproblem?.
* Rank the concepts (key words) from the mostabstract and inclusive to the most concrete andspecific.* Cluster concepts that function at similar levelof abstraction and those that interrelate closely.* Arrange concepts in a diagrammaticrepresentation.* Add linking lines and where appropriate labellines with a qualifying word or phrase.Groups of people can work together on a conceptmap - this is a good way to "brainstorm" aproblem or idea