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brief description about the flowers IXORA and TECOMA

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  1. 1. MUHAMMED ASLAM 2014-14-127
  2. 2. Ixora coccinea Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae : (unranked): Angiosperms : (unranked): Eudicots : (unranked): Asterids I Order: I Gentianales Family: Rubiaceae I Subfamilyz Ixoroideae Tribe: Ixoreae : Genus: Ixora iSpecies: I. coccinea ‘J H Binomial name Ixora coccinea
  3. 3. DI STRIBI. ITI ON AND HABITAT C| Ixora coccinea commonly known as jungle of geranium and red ixora, is an evergreen shrub found throughout India. C| NatiVe to Southern India and Sri Lanka CI Widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. Ellt has become one of the most popular flowe: shrubs in Indian gardens and landscapes.
  4. 4. titlxora derived from sanskrit ’ ’ name of malaysian Diety which means Ishwara to whom flowers were offered. *I'Hindus believes that the bush as sacared to Shiva and Vishnu tItCoccinia means Scarlet
  5. 5. BOTANY >Ix0ra coccinea is a low-growing tropical shrub notable for its bright coloured flowers which are composed of many small blooms massed together into dense heads. >It takes up to five years for Ixora coccinea to grow to its maximum height of about 1.2m (4 feet).
  6. 6. LEAVES leathery, shiny, pointed oblong leaves up to 10cm (4 inch) long FLOWERS Small tubular, dense rounded clusters 2-5 in (5-13 cm) across and colours ranges from red yellow pink are produced almost all year long. ,1?
  7. 7. >Globose, fleshy 5 '71-""‘_‘: i‘ purple when - - ‘p, V, ripe , Containing I ' _ ‘ I ‘fl N ' . I s‘ - ‘ . single seeded H : -;: {g: 7 7:1 ? *‘i* -" 7‘ . I : v,-V . . ' fru1tS° ‘{ “ ‘L’ Jungle geranium I ’ Ixora corcinea >Fruit is favourable for “~. _f, ‘ . ‘ Peacock l ‘ ‘. i§‘. i_. ,‘' I H . 'l{‘1‘ ‘ i -‘r‘ I
  8. 8. USES -Hedges and screens -Foundation plantings 'Massed in flowering beds -Indoor decorations -Bonsai
  9. 9. MEDICINAL USES ClThe flowers, leaves, roots, and the stem are used to treat various ailments in the Indian traditional system of medicine, the Ayurveda, and also in various folk medicines. DThe fruits, when fully ripe, are used as a dietary source. CIPlant possesses Antioxidative, Antibacterial, Gastroprotective, HepatoprotectiveAntidiarrh oeal, Antimutagenic, Antineoplastic Chemopreventive effects ClRoots are used for stomach troubles and dysentry ClTreatment for blood shot eyes, sores and ulcers
  10. 10. “U” Fry)”/ "<: ./ ‘I . ._‘--. .-*. .-. ;. . . : I V _ - J4 CIThere are numerous named cultivars differing in flower colour (yellow, pink, orange) and plant size. ClSeveral popular cultivars are dwarfs, usually staying under 3 ft (1 m) in height. NORA GRANT - .3!‘ , __. _ # >A dense, medium—sized, cold—tender _‘_. :‘. -‘I-'"”. «,. ( ‘ " -1 .2‘ ‘LA 1'’ “: ,-hp, shrub with huge clusters of flowers ; ‘~. ;.f'I'. _: _ "_i " -g«~. ';= .4;; ' most of the year. _. *_”. : ; _ , ' .53.. .- 1,4 I. A ‘ >It prefers sun or partial shade and . _. -T’) - "’ i&, _,f__‘I ,3-‘{_ requires humus—rich, well drained, P. .35“, . "*~"_‘: ; f acidic soil. F“ 4: . :*3>. “-5. _, :‘ ‘: ;_. (:'_' ‘.1 "I" ; —.. Z‘ - ‘ - I
  11. 11. SUPER KING
  12. 12. Ixora coccinea ‘Fraseri’
  13. 13. i: "'lv'%i. "': .II. }l.1.. l:. "_' : ;"':1’f . .l': .T: .l. 'T. ".: .": :.'i V‘. Light Ixora coccinea must have at least four hours a day of direct sunlight Tolerates some shade Temperature _ >Warmth is essential. >These plants cannot tolerate temperatures below 15°C (59°F). Water Keep soil continuously moist, but reduce watering in the winter. Very high humidity is preferred.
  14. 14. Propagation >Propagate Ixora coccinea from stem cuttings 5-8cm (2-3 inch) long taken in spring. > Trim each cutting immediately below a leaf, remove that leaf and dip the cut end in hormone rooting powder. > Plant the cutting in a 5-8cm (2-3 inch) pot containing a moistened equal-parts mixture of peat moss and coarse sand or perlite. '3 Ruling
  15. 15. PROBLEMS C| No major serious insect or disease problems. (aphids, thrips, scale and mealybugs and mushroom root rot) C| Chlorosis may develop in alkaline soils. C| Sooty mold may appear.
  16. 16. ,i 2:: I / T A 2 19.5 I1 -4 59.5 -.1 as I I n 1 . _.‘ , , _ . V / I p }‘ / V . V - r, ' Q T r _/ a I I » , I f . x
  17. 17. >Tec0ma is a genus of 14 species of shrubs or small trees in the trumpet vine family, Bignoniaceae. >12 species— America and 2 species — Africa > This is an easy to grow and gloriously floriferous plant that has great potential in the nursery industry. >Tecoma is the official flower of the U. S. Virgin Islands, where its cheerful yellow blossoms have long been appreciated for their contribution to tropical color.
  18. 18. A showy, attractive, long- blooming accent shrub for rock gardens, perennial gardens, and other home landscapes within its range -~. —_~_. ... .~. ... .t. ..t. .._. . . ... ... .—. ~._-my--, —-. .., _— V — — . , . _.. _.. ._. ... ..t. ._C. ::, A v _/ -_{, :«: .f—. . ‘*7.7~ -—. " ‘- "1./ * _
  19. 19. Medicinal uses C| Tecoma has been used for a variety of purposes in herbal medicine. Cllts primary applications have been in treating diabetes and digestive problems. CIExtracts from Tecoma stuns leaves have been found to inhibit the growth of the fungal infection, Candida albicans. CIThe root of the plant is reported to be a powerful diuretic, vermifuge and tonic
  20. 20. SPECIES . El‘ 1 ( . Tecoma smithii |
  21. 21. Tacoma stans Origin: America £ Common names : Yellow trumpet bush, yellow bells, yellow elder, ginger-thomas. > Tecoma stans is the official flower of the United States Virgin Islands and the Nationa I flower of the Bahamas.
  22. 22. >It has sharply toothed, lance-shaped green leaves and bears large, showy, bright golden yellow trumpet-shaped flowers. > It is drought-tolerant and grows well in warm climates. The flowers attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.
  23. 23. >The plant produces pods containing yellow seeds with papery wings.
  24. 24. Tecoma capensis Origin: South africa Common name: Cape Honey suckle >Normally evergreen, but deciduous in temperate regions. >The flowers are tubular, narrow, about 7.5 cm (3 in) long and bird pollinated, attracting nectar-feeding birds, especially sunbirds. > It can be propagated from cuttings or by removing rooted suckers during the active growth phase >The flower colour ranges from orange to orange-red to apricot
  25. 25. Tecoma gaudichaudi >A tall quick growing, : sun loving shrub which { bears clusters of golden- yellow flowers during 1 the summer months. F , > It is grown in the back I , row of a shrubbery. >It needs drastic pruning ' 1
  26. 26. Tecoma smithii Origin : Australia >The bright yellow- tinged orange flowers are produced freely in large panicles. >This is supposed to be a hybrid between T. m0llis and Tecomaria capensis.
  27. 27. CULTURE Temperature: Heat loving, but freeze sensitive. Light: Full sun is required, will grows in an loose, open and rangy manner if shaded even lightly. Soil: Tecoma grows on a wide variety of soils, including sand and lime rock. Watering: Yellow bells responds well to regular water and fertilizer applications during summer by producing more vigorous growth and heightened flowering. Cllt is drought and semi-salt tolerant C| Pruning can be done in the early spring to control shape and size and promote new flushes of flowers
  28. 28. PROPAGATION >Fresh seeds germinate readily in sandy soil in the spring. >Semi hard wood cuttings root easily under mist in the summer. > Bottom heat will encourage rooting in cooler weather.
  29. 29. PEST AND DISEASES °2tA leaf skeletonizer caterpillar / ?’: ’.. _. 2 will infest the foliage on upper 2 stems primarily. t2'Phytophthora root rot fungi occasionally cause sudden plant death in heavy soils «ffiijfiilijfr ! “ if-'9‘: I