Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Students' Rights Presentation

1,510 views

Published on

This is a brief overview of some of the landmark cases over the past century that have addressed students' rights at school.

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Students' Rights Presentation

  1. 1. CONSTITUTION DAY The Evolution of Students’ Rights from 1899 to 2010
  2. 3. Evolution of Students’ Rights <ul><li>1899 – First juvenile 1908 –court created in Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>The case of Hazel and Mabel Dresser and Freedom of Speech (Wisconsin) – the girls got in trouble at school for a poem they wrote that was published in the local newspaper. The poem compared their school to a jail and called it “Rules of the St. Croix Jail”. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Evolution of Students’ Rights <ul><li>Rules of the St. Croix Jail </li></ul><ul><li>You must shut your mouth at noontime;  you must shut it at recess;  You must keep it shut at morning; And all other times I guess. </li></ul><ul><li>When you get up to leave the room; Don’t take a friend along; You must not once quit working hard; Because you know that’s wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t even stop to tie your shoe; To blow your nose or cough; Don’t look up from your book at all; And don’t you dare to laugh. </li></ul><ul><li>Just calmly wait ’til four o’clock; You know that comes ’round soon; And then you’re free from prison; Until the next forenoon. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Evolution of Students’ Rights <ul><li>Gerald Gault (1967) – Miranda applies to minors </li></ul>
  5. 6. Evolution of Students’ Rights <ul><li>Tinker v. Des Moines School District (1969) – First Amendment and Freedom of Expression applies to students </li></ul>
  6. 7. Evolution of Students’ Rights <ul><li>Olff v. East Side Union High School District (1972) - free expression at school - hair, dress codes, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Ingraham v. Wright (1977) corporal punishment at school not unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>T.L.O. v. New Jersey (1985) reasonable suspicion to search at school </li></ul><ul><li>Acton v. Vernonia School District (1985) - random drug testing at school </li></ul>
  7. 8. Evolution of Students’ Rights <ul><li>Bethel School District v. Fraser (1986) - lewd speech at school prohibited </li></ul><ul><li>Lee v. Weisman (1992) - prayer at public school graduation ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Gebser v. Lago Vista School District (1998) - sexual harassment at school </li></ul><ul><li>Roper v. Simmons (2005) death penalty for minors is unconstitutional </li></ul>
  8. 9. Evolution of Students’ Rights <ul><li>Morse v. Frederick (2007) free speech at school does not include drug messages </li></ul><ul><li>Photo courtesy of Clay Good </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Redding v. Safford Unified School District (2009) strip-search at school unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Graham v. Florida (2010) - no life sentence without parole for minors in non-homicide cases </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Future of Students’ Rights <ul><li>Internet Free Speech Cases: </li></ul><ul><li>Doninger v. Niehoff (2007) - off-campus Internet speech in blog about school administration </li></ul><ul><li>“ Jamfest is cancelled due to the douchebags in central office – here is a letter to get an idea of what to write if you want to write something or call her to piss her off more.” </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Future of Students’ Rights <ul><li>Layshock v. Hermitage School District (2007) -fake MySpace profile of principal </li></ul><ul><li>Snyder v. Blue Mountain School District (2008) - fake MySpace profile of principal with sexual content </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>The classroom is peculiarly the “marketplace of ideas” and the “robust exchange of ideas.” </li></ul><ul><li>Students and teachers don’t “shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.” – Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969) </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>For more information on students’ rights or any of these cases, go to www.AsktheJudge.info . </li></ul>

×