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Rediscovery of india - Facts you should know!


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We asked experts to, "Tell us a fact about India that you wished everyone knew". Here are some of the answers.

What is one fact about the country that you wished everyone knew? Share it with us in the comments space below!

Published in: News & Politics
  • Errata: Slide 6 - The source should mention original paper from Praveen Chakravarty and author's calculations. The original paper can be accessed here and we highly encourage you to read it. Also, the population under 15 is 30% and not more than half. Our apologies for these errors.
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Rediscovery of india - Facts you should know!

  1. 1. …This is what they said. R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U
  2. 2. Why does it matter: Many of us feel that there are too many people in all governments in India. This is not necessarily so. R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Neelkanth Mishra (@neelkanthmishra), India Strategist at Credit Suisse and columnist Source: Credit Suisse research
  3. 3. Why does it matter: Many government policies in taxation and spending depend on the definition of areas as rural or urban. If we follow alternate definitions of what is urban, we could find that up to 65% of India is urban! R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Nitin Pai, Co-founder and Director of Takshashila institute (@acorn) Source: Whats in a definition? …
  4. 4. Why does it matter: Birth in a relatively hygienic institution significantly reduces infant and maternal mortality. This is a good in itself and also leads to future decrease in population growth rate. R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Mandira Kala, Head Research, PRS Legislative Research (@PRSLegislative) Source: National Family Health Survey – 4, India fact sheet (Question 43)
  5. 5. Why does it matter: Triumphant discussions of the size of Indian economy hide the fact that the much bigger contribution to this size comes from our large population and not from the income of individual citizens! R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Manish Agrawal (@manishbgagarwal) Founding member, AskHow India. Source: World Bank / Wikipedia
  6. 6. Why does it matter: Memes float around saying that the number of Income Tax payers in India is extremely low. These memes typically divide the number of tax payers by the entire population of India whereas they should exclude the less than 15 year olds (more than half the population), non-working women and people engaged in agriculture. Furthermore, the exemption limit in India is very high (2.0-2.5x per capita GDP) when compared to other countries. This excludes many more individuals from the income tax bracket. It would be better to focus more on tax evasion by existing taxpayers to improve tax collections. R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Anirudha Datta, author, ‘Half a Billion Rising: The Emergence of The Indian Woman’ Source: Author’s calculations
  7. 7. Why does it matter: When we hear of water shortages, our minds automatically go to leaking taps, swimming pools and industries. Most shortages are however, caused by over usage of water by agriculture. We can contribute much more to water conservation by change in personal habits than by consuming less water directly. For example, by consuming less sugar. R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Yogesh Upadhyaya, Founder AskHow India (@AskHowIndia) Source: India Infrastructure Report, 2011 IDFC
  8. 8. Why does it matter: The fact that the country has more cultivable land than much larger countries such as US, Canada, Brazil and China has implications across a host of issues such as density of population, the country’s agriculture production, land acquisition and composition of its working population. R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Ajay Dwivedi, Director at India Growth Partners Private Limited and Founding member, AskHow India (@AskHowIndia) Source:, accessed July 18, 2018
  9. 9. Why does it matter: Lazy criticism of politicians brands them as uneducated and this is just not true. There are valid criticisms of parliamentarians but their lack of education is not one of them. R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Dr. M. R. Madhavan, President and co-Founder PRS Legislative Research (@PRSLegislative) Source:
  10. 10. Why does it matter: Across Lok Sabha (543 seats), State Legislatures (4120 seats ), Urban Local Bodies (4,635 local bodies) and Rural Local Bodies (2,61,946 local bodies) there is a lot of legitimate political activity. Yet, we rarely discuss how this activity should be funded and worry only about illegitimate funding. R E - D I S COV E R Y O F I N D I A S H O U L D K N O W F A C T S Y O U - Pramad Jandhyala, Founding member, AskHow India
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