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Enabling early commercial UAS deployment


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Presentation at ATC Global 2011, in Amsterdam, March 2011
Presenter: Alan Corner of Helios
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Published in: Technology, Business
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Enabling early commercial UAS deployment

  1. 1. Airports Enabling early commercial UAS deployment Alan Corner Helios ATC Global, 9 March 2011 Air Traffic Management Space Telecoms Maritime Rail
  2. 2. About Helios… • Helios is an independent technical and management consultancy to the aerospace, transport and telecommunication sectors Our Customers • Regulators • Service providers • Airspace users • Industry 1 Our Capabilities • Policy and strategy • Institutional reform and regulation • Business and operational change • Technology innovation • Procurement support • Safety and resilience • Business and market strategy
  3. 3. Introduction • Setting the scene • Barriers to take-off • The way forward • Conclusion 2
  4. 4. If UAS are so good, why aren’t the skies filled with them? • UAS provide an opportunity to reduce the cost and improve the efficiency for many types of operations traditionally conducted by manned aircraft • Commercial operators can benefit from significant enhancements in UAS capability developed for the military • There are many issues which must be resolved before the full benefits for commercial operations can be realised 3
  5. 5. The demand for UAS services is increasing • UAS have reached flight maturity • Supporting a range of applications • Suited to repetitive tasks over an extended duration European Market Estimation , Purdue University • UKTI estimates: • $31 billion UAS market over the next 10 years • UK claiming a $1.8b market share 4 Teal Group Corporation 2010
  6. 6. The potential for commercial applications Potential mission Airworthiness Airspace Flight crew Communication requirements restrictions restrictions requirements None Line of sight FAI equivalent Line of sight Below 400ft Recreational Nil 150m from buildings 500m radius Aerial survey and photography, crowd Below 400ft Nil surveillance 150m from buildings 500m radius Utility inspection Nil Segregated airspace Aerial survey, utility Airworthiness from Uncontrolled inspection accredited body airspace Unmanned transport 5 EASA governing requirements Controlled airspace FAI equivalent Line of sight or beyond visual range CPL equivalent Beyond visual range ATPL equivalent Beyond visual range
  7. 7. Potential barriers 6
  8. 8. Safety Operational concept defined UAS operation desired Airworthiness approved Flight crew authorised Access to Risks airspace identified and mitigated Safe UAS operations 7
  9. 9. Airworthiness and type certification Evidence that an aircraft has been designed, constructed and maintained to approved standards How can the standards for manned aircraft be applied to UAS? The lack of a common approach and international standards adds another layer of complexity for manufacturers and operators 8
  10. 10. Crew licensing and human factors The issue of training and licensing of UAS pilots requires resolution International agreement is required to exploit the full benefits of UAS The entire concept of operations for the piloting of UAS is different to that of manned aircraft The role of the human in UAS operations must be considered 9
  11. 11. Communications The integrity of UAS command and control is key to safe operation There is no dedicated spectrum for UAS, so operators must compromise between the intended range, bandwidth, latency and immunity to interference Spectrum is becoming an increasingly expensive commodity A solution must be agreed at the World Radiocommunication Conference in 2012 10
  12. 12. ATM integration To realise their full potential, UAS will eventually need approval for operations in all types of airspace Procedures will have to be developed to accommodate the unique characteristics of UAS SESAR and NextGEN must address UAS as another airspace user A trajectory-based ATM system and SWIM environment will ease integration 11
  13. 13. Public perception Media coverage of UAS has tended to be negative There is a need to convey the positive benefits 12 Improving public perception requires a concerted effort by the UAS industry
  14. 14. The way forward … What can the industry do as a whole to more easily accommodate future commercial UAS operations? • Build on the excellent work already underway • Learning lessons from others (especially the military) • Strong leadership leading to … • … a more coordinated approach 13
  15. 15. Conclusion • UAS offer promising environmental, cost and efficiency benefits for a whole range of applications • A number of barriers need to be overcome • These will be different depending on the UAS and the operation • The UAS is another legitimate airspace user • Much has been achieved; but strong leadership, better coordination and learning lessons from others will improve progress 14
  16. 16. Airports Thank you for your attention Alan Corner Air Traffic Management Space Telecoms Maritime Please pick up a copy of our white paper at Helios stand D108 (Hall 10) Rail