Cies 2014 ppt

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Cies 2014 ppt

  1. 1. CORPORAL PUNISHMENT IS BANNED IN SCHOOLS? STATUS OF GLOBAL MOVEMENT TO OUTLAW THE PRACTICE Ashwini Tiwari Roger Shouse The Pennsylvania State University
  2. 2. Discrepancies in the use of corporal punishment • 140 countries have signed United Nation’s Convention on Child Rights (UNCRC). • Remained an universal phenomenon- 76 countries have no law. • Definition and validity of corporal punishment is debated by researchers/policy makers.
  3. 3. Cultural factors of corporal punishment • Collectivist belief on students’ discipline. • Personal experiences and philosophies of teachers. • Use of judicious corporal punishment. • Residual religious beliefs and colonial heritage.
  4. 4. Organizational factors of corporal punishment • Local vs. National/International: Teachers’ authority trumps laws. • Use of corporal punishment as a humiliating motivational tool for tests. • Uncertainty regarding alternative strategies. • Maintenance of school decorum.

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