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Present Scenario of Renewable energy in India 2018

Present Scenario of Renewable energy in India 2018

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Present Scenario of Renewable energy in India 2018
Present scenario of renewable
energy in India
Ashwani Kumar Sinha
M.Sc Applied Geology
Institute of Hydrocarbon, Energy & Geo-Resources
University of Lucknow
What is renewable Energy?
 Renewable energy is energy that is collected from
renewable resources, which are naturally replenished
on a human timescale.
SOURCES OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
 Solar
 Wind
 Ocean- tides, waves
 Hydropower
 Biomass
 Geothermal resources
 Biofuels
displaces conventional fuels in electricity
generation, hot water/space heating,
transportation, and rural (off-grid) energy
services.
 Mainstream technologies are wind power,
hydropower, solar energy, geothermal
energy, bio energy and energy storage.
Continue…
Need of renewable sector
Energy is a prime source of economic, social and
industrial development of country.
World energy consumption increases day by day
Still 70% of world electric generation depend
upon thermal generation
There is lots of social and economical issues with
conventional plant
World economic is locking for sustainable
development in field of power sector
Energy sector in India: a challenge
One of the fastest under developing country
11th largest economy
Its population
Approx. 65% electricity depends upon coal
3rd largest producer of electricity
4th largest in purchasing power
Supply and demand is rising day by day
Need to change the electricity generation pattern

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Present Scenario of Renewable energy in India 2018

  • 2. Present scenario of renewable energy in India Ashwani Kumar Sinha M.Sc Applied Geology Institute of Hydrocarbon, Energy & Geo-Resources University of Lucknow
  • 3. What is renewable Energy?  Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale. SOURCES OF RENEWABLE ENERGY  Solar  Wind  Ocean- tides, waves  Hydropower  Biomass  Geothermal resources  Biofuels
  • 4. displaces conventional fuels in electricity generation, hot water/space heating, transportation, and rural (off-grid) energy services.  Mainstream technologies are wind power, hydropower, solar energy, geothermal energy, bio energy and energy storage. Continue…
  • 5. Need of renewable sector Energy is a prime source of economic, social and industrial development of country. World energy consumption increases day by day Still 70% of world electric generation depend upon thermal generation There is lots of social and economical issues with conventional plant World economic is locking for sustainable development in field of power sector
  • 6. Energy sector in India: a challenge One of the fastest under developing country 11th largest economy Its population Approx. 65% electricity depends upon coal 3rd largest producer of electricity 4th largest in purchasing power Supply and demand is rising day by day Need to change the electricity generation pattern
  • 7. Renewable energy in India  Renewable energy (including large hydro) accounted for more than 33% of the total installed power capacity  India was the first country in the world to set up a ministry of non-conventional energy resources, in the early 1980s  Renewable energy in India comes under the purview of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)  Solar Energy Corporation of India is responsible for the development of solar energy  Hydroelectricity is administered separately by the Ministry of Power
  • 8. Total Installed Power Generation Capacity (End of May, 2018) SOURCE CAPACITY (MW) SHARE (%) Coal 196,957.50 57.27 RES 69,022.39 20.07 Hydroelectricity 45,403.42 13.20 Natural Gas 24,897.46 7.23 Nuclear 6,780.00 1.97 Oil 837.63 0.24 TOTAL 343,898.39 100.00 Source: MNRE (31st May, 2018)
  • 9. Installed capacity from Renewal Energy SOURCE CAPACITY (MW) Wind Power 34,293 Solar Power 23,251 Biomass Power 8,701 Waste-to-Power 138 Small hydropower 4,486 Large Hydropower 45,403 Total 114,425 Large Hydropower Wind Power Solar Power Biomass Small Hydropower Waste-to-Energy Source: MNRE (2018)
  • 10. Indian Wind Energy Sector CURRENT SCENERIO  fourth largest installed wind power capacity in the world  total installed wind power capacity was 34.293 GW  the levelised tariff of wind power reached a record low of ₹2.43 per kWh  Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Rajasthan are the leaders in wind capacity
  • 11. STATE TOTAL CAPACITY (MW) Tamil Nadu 8,197 Gujarat 5,613 Maharashtra 4,784 Karnataka 4,509 Rajasthan 4,298 Andhra Pradesh 3,963 M.P 2,520 Telangana 101 Kerala 53 Others 4 TOTAL 34,293 Source: MNRE (Installed wind capacity by state as of 31 March 2018) Types of Wind Power Plant On the basis of Wind Turbine On the basis of type of generator On the basis of operation
  • 12. Indian Solar Energy Sector CURRENT SCENARIO  fast developing industry  capacity reached more than 23 GW  the average current price of solar electricity dropping to 18% below the average price of its coal-fired counterpart  India expanded its solar-generation capacity 8 times from 2,650 MW on 26 May 2014 to over 20 GW as on 31 January 2018  Telangana, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, T.N, Karnataka are the leaders in wind capacity  With about 300 clear and sunny days in a year, the calculated solar energy incidence on India's land area is about 5000 trillion kWh per year
  • 13. Source: All India capacity of Power Station (2018) Key Drivers:  Huge potential of Solar energy development  Low Operating costs  Capital subsidy (20/25%) by gov. for large semi-conductor based units  Possibility of locally development
  • 14. Indian Hydropower Sector  7th largest producer of hydroelectric power  installed utility scale hydroelectric capacity is 45,403 MW (13.5%)  smaller hydroelectric power units with a total capacity of 4,486 MW (1.3%)  The first hydro-electric power plants at Darjeeling (1898) and Shivanasamudram (1902) were established  56 sites for pumped storage schemes with an aggregate installed capacity of 94,000 MW have also been identified  The public sector accounts for 92.5% of India's hydroelectric power production
  • 15. Indian Bio-power Sector  India is an ideal environment for Biomass production given its tropical location and abundant sunshine and rains  India has a installed capacity of Bio-gas and waste to power energy as 8839 MW with a target to produce 10,000 MW by 2022 TYPES OF ARGO RESIDUES QUANTITY ( Million Tonnes/ annum) Straws of various pulses & cereals 225.50 Bagasse 31.00 Rice Husk 10.00 Ground nut shell 11.10 Stalks 2.00 Various Oil Stalks 4.50 Others 65.90 TOTAL 350 Source: Indian Renewable Energy Development Ltd. (31 Jan, 2018)