Rural Communes SRI symposium Report                                              23rd & 24th May 2011               SYMPOS...
Rural Communes SRI symposium Report                                            23rd & 24th May 2011technique and for infor...
Rural Communes SRI symposium Report                                              23rd & 24th May 2011Agriculture Universit...
Rural Communes SRI symposium Report                                            23rd & 24th May 2011After this session Dr. ...
Rural Communes SRI symposium Report                                              23rd & 24th May 201124th May 2011:Second ...
Rural Communes SRI symposium Report                                              23rd & 24th May 2011After presentation th...
Rural Communes SRI symposium Report                                            23rd & 24th May 2011Farmers experience shar...
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State symposium maharastra 2011

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State symposium maharastra 2011

  1. 1. Rural Communes SRI symposium Report 23rd & 24th May 2011 SYMPOSIUM AND BRAIN STORMING WORKSHOP ON SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) FOR FOOD SECURITY & CLIMATE CHANGE 23 – 24 MAY 2011IntroductionSir Dorabji Tata Trust (SDTT), SRI NGO Partners and Rural Communes (RC) had planned aSymposium and Brain Storming Workshop on System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for foodsecurity & climate change, with active collaboration with the Department of Agriculture,Government of Maharashtra and State Agriculture Universities of Maharashtra, NABARD Puneto promote Rice Cultivation for benefitting small & marginal farmers for food security & climatechange.Mr. Prabhakar Deshmukh – Agriculture Commissioner (State Agriculture Department) has takenpersonal interest to organize the symposium & instructed his officials to take active participationin program as well as to initiate some process for convergence of policies which were made forRice. The SRI program had active participation oftwo SDTT-SRI nodal agencies from Maharashtrai.e. Rural Communes from Konkan and WesternGhats and Amhi Amchya Arogyasathi fromVidarbha region of Maharashtra. All NGOpartners of Rural communes- Chaitanya,Shramjivi Janata Sahayyak Mandal (SJSM),Matrumandir, Parivartan, Jivhala, Gomukh,Navjivan Gramin Vikas Sanstha and Yusuf MeherAli Centre (YMC), RC-Jawhar & Mokhada andMPCC Trust, Pune were present for symposiumalong with their materials. On behalf of AmhiAmchya Arogyasathi one NGO partner- Gramin yuva pragatik mandal participated in theSymposium.For collaborating with Agriculture universities from Maharashtra we invited Vice Chancellors andDirector of Research from all universities. There was presence of researchers from RegionalRice Research station, Karjat. From Agriculture department we invite JDA (Joint Director ofAgriculture) from Konkan, Pune and Nagpur division along with them SDAOs and TAOs from 13rice growing districts of Maharashtra - Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Pune, Nashik,Dhule, Kolhapur, Satara, Gadchiroli, Bhandara, Gondia, Chandrapur for this two daysSymposium and Brain Storming Workshop at RAMETI, Khopoli. Senior programme manager ofSDTT, Mumbai, SRI-Secretariat, Bhubaneshwar were present as SDTT-SRI representative.From NABARD Mr. Narsimhan GM, Pune, DDM of Thane and Sindhudurg district attended thesymposium. Representative farmers from all organization were also invited for the symposium.Press conference was organized by Rural Communes before symposium for spreading SRI 1
  2. 2. Rural Communes SRI symposium Report 23rd & 24th May 2011technique and for information about symposium through the Print media. The largestNewspaper in Maharashtra on Agriculture ‘Agrowon’ carried a special feature on SRI on theSymposium date (23rdMay 2011).Demonstration models of SRI techniques & methods was put up by SDTT SRI NGO Partnersspecially on Raised Bed Nursery, Mat Nursery, Single seedling Planting, Spacing, Differenttypes of Weeders & Markers, various traditional & improved varieties of rice seeds, posters.Along with this Rice plant with around 50-55 tillers kept for exhibition. • Objectives:- o To strengthen the collaboration between NGOs, Agriculture Department, Agriculture colleges/ universities, NABARD and farmers to upscale SRI. o To create awareness among farmers and encourage them for cultivating SRI method o Experience Sharing of SRI experts who implemented the SRI in different Districts, States of India o Convergence of various state & central schemes related to Paddy cultivation.Actual Program:As per the schedule of SRI symposium Agriculture commissioner Mr. Prabhakar Deshmukh,and JDAs from Konkan, Pune and Nagpur Division , NABARD’s DGM Mr. M.A. Narsimhan, Dr.Sanjiv Phansalkar (Team leader SDTT), Bisawant Sinha, Tushar Das and Dr. Gode (Chairman, Rural Communes) were the chief guests of the function. But due to urgent call of meeting byChief Minister of Maharashtra some Agriculture Dept. officials remained absent for thesymposium. Dr. Sanjiv Phanasalkar also could not attend the symposium due to official work.The program has initiated with lighting of lamp by chief guest Mr. M.A. Narsimhan, Mr. BiswantSinha, Mr. Tushar Das. Other invited Guests, Resource Persons, SDTT Senior Officials,Farmers, SRI NGO Partners, Media and others were presented .Research Directors of 2
  3. 3. Rural Communes SRI symposium Report 23rd & 24th May 2011Agriculture Universities were also unable to attend except Dr.L.G.Pawar (Agronomist) and Dr.R.L.Kunkhekar (Rice breeder) from Agricultural Regional Research Centre, Karjat, Raigad.First Session of symposium was started with SDTT’s Experience of promoting SRI in India byMr. B Sinha. He started with the background and silent features of project implementation ofSRI in different states of India. Along with above, he also mentioned the year wise data startingfrom 2006 upto 2010. At the initial phase of SDTT –SRI programme works with 2 NGO partnersin 5 states, 14 district with 11,000 farmers. In 2010 it works in 11 states, 109 districts with 143NGOs covering 81138 farmers all over India. He also told about system of crop intensification.The second session started with the speech of Mr. Tushar Das on Govt - NGO collaboration inIndia for SRI project. In his speech he mentioned major objective of SRI programme and aboutSRI Secretariat. Then he spoke about government Initiative in Bihar with Pradan organization.Bihar Govt declared 2011 year as SRI year and also take initiation in SWI (system of WheatIntensification). Orissa govt. is working with Non govt. organization for SRI on 80,000 Acresarea. Besides Orissa and Bihar other states like Uttarakhand, Tripura, Chattisgarh, TamilnaduGovt. were involved in SRI activities in collaboration with NGOs. By giving above examples Mr.Tushar Das expect the collaboration of Go- NGO for spreading the SRI area in India.After SDTT-SRI representatives, NABARD’s DGM Mr. Narsimhan came forward for sharingtheir experience on SRI. He mainly focused on the upscaling of SRI and importance of SRI inclimate change situation. He suggested Mr. A.Y. Patil, DDM Thane for continuing the session onNABARD’s schemes and funds for farmers.At the end of first session representative from Nodal Agency (Rural Communes) Trupti Kadamand Jayadev Bansode (Amhi Amchya Arogyasathi) summarized the last year’s experience onSRI.After completing the presentation all guest were given a memento as symbol of the programSecond session:The Second session was started with Mr. Taro, Agriculture officer from Agriculture Department,Pune on new initiatives in pest and disease surveillance and its management in paddy i.e. CropPest Surveillance and Advisory project (CROPSAP). He gave his presentation by covering thebackground of project, method of surveillance for economic threshold levels in selected cropslike cotton, soyabean and now in rice. He also stated the working and period of surveillance. 3
  4. 4. Rural Communes SRI symposium Report 23rd & 24th May 2011After this session Dr. Kunkhekar, Rice breeder- Regional Research Station, Karjat presentedSeed production techniques and high yielding varieties, hybrid varieties released by Dr.Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli. He suggested farmers to produce theirown seeds. Farmers asked the characteristics of some varieties which are suitable for theirregion.Then Dr. L.G.Pawar , Agronomist , Regional Research Station, Karjat took charge of mike andstarted his session on effect of organic manure on rice. He showed the comparison betweendifferent organic manures by indicating contents of nutrients (N,P,K) in each manure . Hefocused on the green manuring which will reducethe growth of weed by using these crops asintercrops. Some weeds like Ranmodi and Takalacan be used to increase organic matter in soil. Healso conducted session on practices in SRI bycomparing it with traditional practices throughexperiments conducted at universities.At the end of second session farmers from allorganization were honored with certificates forfollowing more principles of SRI and some of themalso shared their experiences about increase intheir yield by SRI method as compare to traditionalmethods.After hearing the farmer’s experiences officials of Agriculture Department and AgricultureUniversities asked questions to farmers about SRI techniques. The 2nd session was moderatedby Dr. Gode. He gave brief points of last session and announced about next day’s field visit atSwali village. 4
  5. 5. Rural Communes SRI symposium Report 23rd & 24th May 201124th May 2011:Second Day of Symposium started with field visit. All the participants visited Mr. Bhagvan Patil’sfarm in Swali village. Bhagwan told practices followed by him while using SRI method of Ricecultivation. Every participant went in the field and took observation by own and asked questionsto farmer about cost of cultivation and yield.After field visit 2nd day’s session was started withobservations of all officials. The observations bythem were as follows: • Farmers could not give proper answers to their queries about yield.For their observation Trupti Kadam has repliedthat farmers are not trained for collecting thedata; whatever observation taken from their fieldhas been taken by resource persons & while thisprocess was going on farmers were alsopresent. But the next process where data verification & filling process took place farmers are notaware about it. And all technical information cannot come from all farmers.From above observations and by hearing farmer Dr. Gode suggested that: • Before promoting any technology we have to implement demonstration properly into field. So that it will help in determination of technology. • Even though there is difference in farmer’s observation and scientist data, it can be observed that SRI method of rice cultivation is better than traditional method.Second Session:This session started by presentation of Mr. Tushar Das on Management Information System(MIS). In this session he explained following points: a) Common MIS b) Sample study and C) Cost- benefit ratioHe introduced new software prepared by SRI secretariat for filling and analysis of MIS reports ofall NGO partners from all over India. He gave analysis of the all NGOs from Maharashtra byindicating no. of farmers, no. of area covered. At the end of session questions arose by govt.officials about the data which he has with him; basically they were asking about the methods &techniques of data collection & verification process as well as process of analysis. Mr. TusharDas replied them how the data collected in various three kinds of format of MIS & also how thisdata verified and analyzed at Secretariat level to them. 5
  6. 6. Rural Communes SRI symposium Report 23rd & 24th May 2011After presentation there was an open discussion onfollowing points: • Are farmers dis-adopting SRI method after 1-2 years • What percentage • Factors responsible for farmer’s drop- out • Suggestions for enhancing the adaptation rate Reasons found out for above points were as follows: • In Konkan only 40% area is suitable for growing rice by traditional while 20% area is suitable for growing by SRI method as land under cultivation is in waterlogged condition. • Seedlings were not available at proper time due to heavy rainfall • Hired Laboures are not ready to transplant by this method • Farmers expecting external inputs from organization and other sourcesThe data which was presented by Tushar Das interpreting that in Maharashtra SRI farmer’sdropout rate is high but this interpretation is due to not including previous years farmers were inthe current years SRI farmers & data were not collected from their field by NGOs.Suggestions for increasing adaptation rate are as follows: • Preparation of raised beds of different duration seedlings • Train SHGs/ groups from villages to transplant seedling by SRI method and link them with those farmers are ready to adopt SRI method. • Awareness of farmers about the Govt. Schemes 6
  7. 7. Rural Communes SRI symposium Report 23rd & 24th May 2011Farmers experience sharing & exposure visits to the SRI farmers will increase the awarenessamong community. Also it has been seen that data collection of SRI Field has some lackingbecause of which analysis of data is misleads butwith more focus training to data collector thisproblem can be solved.One more important point has been raised byparticipants that if Agriculture Department & NGOsjointly conduct some demonstrations on Farmersfields & demonstrate the methods of collecting thedata at various stages, analyze the data at variousstages, analyze the data to generate for the yieldresults etc.After this discussion Smt. Vaishali Gavandi (MPCC& Trust, Pune) briefed the whole discussion & she also highlighted the letter of AgricultureCommissioner where he has appreciated the work on SRI done by Rural Communes & otherNGO partners in Maharashtra. In his letter he urged NGOs & Agriculture department to work incollaboration through distributing responsibilities among them i.e. inputs should be providedfrom Agriculture department & Awareness generation, training & capacity building work carriedout by NGOs. Thus there will be no duplication of the work & spread will be increase at fieldlevel.She also gave information about the new concept of Farmers Farm School which RuralCommunes is promoting with 10 other NGO partners with support of Sir Dorabji Tata Trust. Thisconcept has been developed for Farmers where they learn about all improved crop technologyfrom Sowing to Harvesting in their own field. Trupti Kadam Sonal Dalvi 7

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