Use of Open Source Software in Libraries for Automation and Networking By Ashok Kumar Satapathy Asst. Librarian, Library Head, International Management Institute (IMI), IDCO Plot No. 1, Gothapatna, Malipada, Bhubaneswar – 750 003, E-mail: email@example.comKVS, No.1, Bhubaneswar 15.09.2012
To be discussed…IntroductionWhy Open Source SoftwareScopeObjectivesOpen Source Software in LibrariesHistorical developments of OSSNewGenLibNewGenLib and its FeaturesConclusion
INTRODUCTIONLibrary is dedicated to provide accurate & in-time services to its user.The motto of the library is to serve the userscommunity pro-actively. In order to attain the needs of the users, libraryhas to implement techno-economic products toimprove the service quality.OSS is a societal product & a gratis of gift forLIS professionals to meet the call of the ICT age. Avoiding proprietary software and adaptingOSS is a challenge faced by the organizations aswell as the LIS professionals in the contemporaryICT era.
“WHY” OPEN SOURCE SOFTWAREThere are gamut of commercial AutomationPackages were available in the market, but adaptingOSS is a challenging job for LIS professionals.It is unanimously comprehend that, OSS support thefinancial and techno-economical aspect of anyorganization.How the LIS professionals take the advantage of thisOpen Source Movement and prove themselves as pro-active and efficient.Before implementation we should have a completefeasibility study over the concept of Open SourceSoftware, there support and popularity, etc.
SCOPEMuch earlier the movement has beenstarted;We professionals should do ourresponsibility to prove our innateprofessionalism and support thefinancial backbone of any organization.Support will not provided; it will begenerated and circulated by request.
OBJECTIVESProvide techno-economical support to theorganization and achieve the target ofprofessionalism as a LIS professional.Identify the information collection, organize,store and retrieve the digital forms ofbibliographic information.Sharing your experience on OSS with otherprofessionals to work over it and take theadvantages of the emerging Free/OSS trends.
Open Source Software in LibrariesAt present various OSS available in themarket (society) specific for library. Forexample: OS: Linux (Ubuntu, fedora, etc.) Apache: Web-server software; OpenOffice: Office suit like MS Office; Library Automation Packages: NewGenLib, KOHA, Open Biblio, etc. Library Digitation Package (Digital Library): Dspace, Green Stone, E-Prints, etc. Web Designing: Joomla, Drupal, etc. & Lots more…
Historical developments of OSSOne of the earliest research institute to use and study computers was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). During 1958 the Artificial Intelligence (AI) lab was founded and became one of the birthplace of computer science & computer culture.During 1960 a subculture was developed among the computer professional hobbyist to programming and studying these machine. They called themselves Hackers. This community develop the culture of sharing. Important values of the community were freedom, intelligence, technical skills, and interest in the possibilities of the computers while secrecy and
Philosophy of OSSThe Open Source Philosophy says• Free to run the software for any purpose;• Free to modify the software to suit their needs;• Free to redistribute of the software gratis or for a fee;• Free to distribute modified versions of the software;
NewGenLibNewGenLib is an integrated library managementsystem developed by Verus Solutions Pvt Ltd. Domainexpertise is provided by Kesavan Institute of Informationand Knowledge Management, Hyderabad, India.It became an open source product under GNU GPL inJanuary 2008.All modules like acquisitions, serials management,cataloging, circulation, and OPAC, etc. were web based.Java in frontend and back-end database asPostgreSQL.
FEATURES OF NGLFreedom: Available under GNU GPL;Functional modules are completely web based;Supports international standards such asMARC-21, AACR-2, UNICODE, XML and DublinCore;Allow multilingual data entry, storage andretrieval in Indian languages;Use mostly open source components, Scalable,manageable and efficient;z39.50 Client for federated searching;OS independent – NGL can run on Windowsand Linux platform Contd…
RFID integration;Networking – Hierarchical and Distributednetworks;Email/SMS/instant messaging/twitter/Androidcompatible is the special functions of the software;Form letters are configurable and use XML-basedOpenOffice templates;Extensive use of set-up parameters enabling easyconfiguration of the software to suit specificneeds, e.g. in defining patron privileges;Supports multi-user and multiple security levels
CONCLUSIONNewGenLib is free to all. The existence of the software ispossible due to the professional challenges and day to daydevelopmental activities of the developer community. NGL is anintegrated library automation package, all modules arecomprehensive and compatible. The package was tested locally,since last 5 years and implemented as many as 4 to 5 reputedacademic institutions in Odisha.It is a challenging aspect for adoption of OSS and itsdevelopment as a LIS professional. The concept of open culture,welcome all the professionals to render their active participation& contribute for the development of professionalism andprofessional output.NewGenLib developer community provides online as well as offline support for training, technical help, and annual maintenanceetc. Be a part of the open source movement and enhance theexcellence of professionalism.