Thermal Power Plant Hazards

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The slide show was prepared for educating general public on ill effects of Coal based Thermal power plants, and devastation caused by mining.

Literature available through net and other sources have been referred to for the publications.

Data presented, especially on human health, has been substantiated by recent publication “A report by Physicians for Social Responsibility” by Physicians of US, a group which included Nobel Laureates.

Alternate sources of electricity production also indicated

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Thermal Power Plant Hazards

  1. 1. HAZARDS of THERMAL POWER PLANTS Presented by Dr Ashok Kundapur (arkundapur@yahoo.com)
  2. 2. “ Coal-fired power plants are the single largest stationary source of pollution in any country. The toxins these coal fired power plants produce severely damage both human health and the environment and contribute to a reduced quality of life” Safenvironment, 5 th Sept 2008.
  3. 4. ASH DUMP ON SHORE AT TPP AT TUTICORINE
  4. 5. ASH ON SHORE
  5. 6. ASH GETTING MIXED WITH SEA WATER
  6. 7. COAST CONVERTED TO CORAL GRAVE YARD
  7. 9. ASH POND –LAKE !
  8. 10. POLLUTANTS EMITTED BY THERMAL POWER PLANTS <ul><li>COAL DUST </li></ul><ul><li>CARBON-DI-OXIDE – Global warming </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER GASES LIKE SOX, NOX, OZONE </li></ul><ul><li>FLY ASH </li></ul><ul><li>PARTICULATE MATTER (PM) </li></ul><ul><li>HOT WATER (treated with chemicals like Chlorine) </li></ul><ul><li>HEAT </li></ul><ul><li>RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES </li></ul><ul><li>Other chemicals like ARSENIC </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy metal residues, including Mercury, Chromium </li></ul><ul><li>ACID RAIN </li></ul>
  9. 11. HAZARDS <ul><li>HEALTH </li></ul><ul><li>1. SKIN </li></ul><ul><li>2. LUNGS </li></ul><ul><li>3. HEART </li></ul><ul><li>4. KIDNEY </li></ul><ul><li>5. REPRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>6. BEHAVIORAL </li></ul><ul><li>PROPERTY </li></ul><ul><li>AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENT </li></ul>
  10. 14. SKIN <ul><li>Eczema </li></ul><ul><li>Other Major skin disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Lesions due to Arsenic pollution </li></ul><ul><li>CANCER </li></ul>
  11. 15. HEART
  12. 16. HEART <ul><li>HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE </li></ul><ul><li>HEART FAILURE </li></ul><ul><li>ANEMIA </li></ul><ul><li>LEUCOMIA </li></ul><ul><li>CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA (Deranged Cardiac rhythm) </li></ul><ul><li>ARTERIAL OCCLUSIONS </li></ul><ul><li>INFRACT FORMATION (DEATH OF TISSUE IN THE HEART) </li></ul><ul><li>ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFRACTION (Heart attack) </li></ul><ul><li>(6000 to 10,700 deaths/year in US alone) </li></ul>
  13. 17. LUNG
  14. 18. AFFET ON LUNGS <ul><li>DAMAGE TO NASAL LINING </li></ul><ul><li>CHRONIC BRONCHITIES </li></ul><ul><li>ASTHAMA </li></ul><ul><li>TUBERCULOSIS </li></ul><ul><li>CANCER </li></ul><ul><li>INFLATION </li></ul><ul><li>Due to Beryllium, </li></ul><ul><li>Hexavalent Chromium, </li></ul><ul><li>SOx, NOx, Radon, </li></ul>
  15. 19. KIDNEY Damage due LEAD which is Nephrotoxic A Nephron
  16. 20. MINAMATA SYNDROME DUE TO MERCURY SALTS
  17. 21. OTHER REPRODUCTIVE <ul><li>REDUCED LOGIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER BIRTH DEFECTS </li></ul><ul><li>LOWER WEIGHT OF NEW BORN </li></ul>EARLY DELIVERY BIRTH DEFECTS ANEMIA LOWER WIGHT OF NEW BORN INCREASED INFANT MORTALITY RATES
  18. 22. BEHAVIORAL LETHARGY IN CHILDREN NEUROLOGICAL IMPAIRMENTS LOWER IQ
  19. 24. Agricultural losses At DAHANU ESTIMATED RS 60 CRORES/ Yr <ul><li>At Dahanu loss </li></ul><ul><li>has been </li></ul><ul><li>estimated at </li></ul><ul><li>Rs 60 crores </li></ul><ul><li>per year </li></ul>
  20. 25. <ul><li>PADDY </li></ul><ul><li>15 to 20% REDUCTION IN YIELD </li></ul>
  21. 26. ON MANGO EFFECT TO BE STUDIED Supreme Court direction
  22. 27. LIKELY TO EFFECT ON COCONUT & ARECA PALMS
  23. 28. Coastal Fisheries – loss estimated at Rs 65 crores /yr at Tuticorin
  24. 29. Open cast mining in USA
  25. 30. Sonshi Iron mines of Goa
  26. 31. Opencast mines of Jharia
  27. 32. ACID RAIN WILL DAMAGE WESTERN GHATS
  28. 33. WHAT THE COMPANY DOES <ul><li>Conducts a survey to select spot </li></ul><ul><li>PREPARES AN EIA </li></ul><ul><li>INVARIABLY DECLARES AREA AS BARREN </li></ul><ul><li>OFFERS EXTENSIVE BRIBES </li></ul><ul><li>TRIES TO BREAK CONFIDANCE OF PEEOPLE </li></ul>
  29. 34. THINGS TO BE DONE <ul><li>CONDUCT A SURVEY TO ASSESS PRESENT HEALTH SCENERIO, AS TO INCIDENCES OF SKIN, LUNG, HEART AND OTHER ALIMENTS IN UDUPI TALUK </li></ul><ul><li>LET EVERY PERSON KNOW THAT </li></ul><ul><li>THEY CAN CLAIM COMPENSATION </li></ul><ul><li>FOR HEATH HAZARDS CAUSED BY </li></ul><ul><li>THE THERMAL POWER PLANT . </li></ul>
  30. 35. HOW TO PREVENT TPP FROM COMING <ul><li>CREATE AWARENESS AMONG PEOPLE OF AREA </li></ul><ul><li>CONDUCT YOUR OWN SURVEY , OF GENERAL HEALTH, POLLUTANTS IN WELL AND RIVER WATER, AMOUNT OF YIELD </li></ul><ul><li>FILE SERIES OF PETITIONS IN HIGH CURTS </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE THE POLITICIANS AND ADMINISTRATORS FEEL THE HEAT OF PEOPLE’S DISSIDENCE </li></ul>
  31. 36. T & D LOSSES ESTIMATED AT 35 TO 40%. INDIA IS NOW PRODUCING 1,35,000 MW OF POWER AND LOOSING 47,250 MW. Govt of INDIA PLANNING TO PRODUCE ANOTHER 45,000 MW IN 2-3 YEARS SO LOSSES WILL SORE TO 63,000 MW !!!!!!!
  32. 37. ALTERNATIVES <ul><li>REDUCE T & D LOSSES & Manage Demand side </li></ul><ul><li>GO FOR RUN OF THE RIVER HYDRO POWER </li></ul><ul><li>TAP SOLAR ENERGY TO THE MAXIMUM </li></ul><ul><li>Use SOLAR COOKERS, something you can do without waiting for YOUR Government </li></ul><ul><li>TAP WIND ENERGY WHERE EVER POSSIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>TAP WAVE ENERGY TOO WHEN TECHNOLOGY BECOMES AVAILABLE </li></ul>
  33. 43. RUN OF THE RIVERS <ul><li>GENERATING POWER FROM RUNNING WATER OF RIVER. </li></ul><ul><li>A NEW TECHNOLOGY GETTING POPULAR </li></ul><ul><li>IN KARNATAKA WE HAVE A VERY DYNAMIC INNOVATOR, SRI G K RATNAKAR WHO HAS ALREADY ESTABLISHED OVER 250 SUCH UNITS. </li></ul>
  34. 49. THANK YOU <ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>BEWARE !! </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>TAKE CARE </li></ul>

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