Diseases Threatening Public Health

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Three diseases in the world today.

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Diseases Threatening Public Health

  1. 1. DISEASES THREATENING PUBLIC HEALTH 1 Diseases Threatening Public Health and How Information Technology is Being Used to Prevent the Spread of the Disease Ashley Toups University of Louisiana at Monroe 24 February 2014
  2. 2. DISEASES THREATENING PUBLIC HEALTH 2 There are many diseases that threaten public health. This paper will explain three of the many diseases and how information technology is being used to prevent the spread of these diseases. The diseases that will be discussed are avian influenza, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. Avian influenza, also known as bird flu, infects birds such as domestic poultry and even other animal species. The avian flu can also infect humans but it does not occur very often (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). There has yet to be a case of the avian flu found in the United States. The avian flu is currently circulating in Asia, Europe, and Africa (Department of Health, 2011). The avian flu can cause fever, respiratory failure, multi-organ failure, and even death. Although the United States has not had a case of the avian flu yet, the United States government is still prepared by stocking HPAI H5N1 vaccines. Also, oseltamivir is an antiviral drug that is used for treatment of the avian flu (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Anyone who is sexually active is susceptible to gonorrhea. Gonorrhea can cause serious health problems in males and females, but it can be treated with the right medication. If a man has gonorrhea some symptoms he may experience are a burning sensation when urinating, a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis, or painful or swollen testicles. If a woman has gonorrhea some symptoms she may experience are a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Some rectal infection in both men and women include discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, and painful bowel movements. Sometimes one may not have symptoms but still has gonorrhea. The following can happen if gonorrhea goes untreated: formation of scar tissue that blocks fallopian tubes, ectopic pregnancy, infertility, long-term pelvic/abdominal pain (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Wise decisions, a wise relationship, no sex or safe sex use such
  3. 3. DISEASES THREATENING PUBLIC HEALTH 3 as condoms can help prevent the spread of gonorrhea. Antibiotics and/or antibiotic injections or shots are used in the treatment of gonorrhea (The New York Times Health Guide, 2014). Chlamydia is the most common STD that can infect males and females in the United States. Chlamydia often has no symptoms. Women with chlamydia may find it difficult to get pregnant if the chlamydia is left untreated. Women with chlamydia may experience symptoms such as an abnormal vaginal discharge and a burning sensation when urinating. Symptoms of chlamydia that men might experience are a discharge from their penis, a burning sensation when urinating, and pain and swelling in one or both testicles. Rectal symptoms in both men and women may include rectal pain, discharge, and bleeding. Chlamydia is also similar to gonorrhea in prevention of the spread and treatment (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Antibiotics are used in the treatment of chlamydia. The most common antibiotics used are doxycycline or azrithromycin (Department of Health, 2006). Resources: Avian Influenza Current Situation. (2014, February 27). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/avian-flu- summary.htm Chlamydia. (n.d.). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/ Chlamydia (chlamydia trachomatis genital infection). (2006). Chlamydia (chlamydia trachomatis genital infection). Retrieved March 5, 2014, from https://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/communicable/chlamydia/fact_sheet.htm
  4. 4. DISEASES THREATENING PUBLIC HEALTH 4 Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet. (2014, January 23). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 3, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact- Chlamydia.htm Gonorrhea. (2014, March 4). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/Gonorrhea/ Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet. (2014, January 29). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/Gonorrhea/STDFact- gonorrhea.htm Information on Avian Influenza. (2014, January 15). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/index.htm New York Times Health Guide. (2014). Gonorrhea. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/gonorrhea/overview.html Questions and Answers about Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) and Animals. (n.d.). Questions and Answers about Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) and Animals. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/communicable/influenza/avian/questions_and_answer s/animals.htm

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