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Password Security

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Password Security

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Why having strong passwords really matters
You’ve probably heard people talk about the importance of password security before. But does it really matter what passwords you use - does anyone really care that much about getting into your accounts?
Password security matters because:
Any company account or device can contain information that’s lucrative to cybercriminals
Exposure of customer or business data can be highly damaging to your organisation
Ensuring only authorised users can log in to devices and systems helps maintain accountability.

https://outlearn.training/



https://outlearn.training/

https://outlearn.training/

Why having strong passwords really matters
You’ve probably heard people talk about the importance of password security before. But does it really matter what passwords you use - does anyone really care that much about getting into your accounts?
Password security matters because:
Any company account or device can contain information that’s lucrative to cybercriminals
Exposure of customer or business data can be highly damaging to your organisation
Ensuring only authorised users can log in to devices and systems helps maintain accountability.

https://outlearn.training/



https://outlearn.training/

https://outlearn.training/

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Password Security

  1. 1. Password Security ASHLEY MIDDLETON 2020
  2. 2. Here’s what you will learn… This course will teach you how to keep your accounts and devices safe with secure use of passwords and authentication. YOU WILL LEARN: WHY HAVING STRONG PASSWORDS REALLY MATTERS WHAT ACTUALLY MAKES A SECURE PASSWORD WHY YOU SHOULDN’T REUSE PASSWORDS HOW TO CREATE A PASSWORD THAT’S EASY TO REMEMBER BUT HARD TO GUESS WHAT NOT TO DO WITH YOUR PASSWORDS WHAT MULTI-FACTOR AUTHENTICATION IS AND WHY YOU SHOULD USE IT WHY HAVING STRONG PASSWORDS REALLY MATTERS ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 2
  3. 3. Why having strong passwords really matters You’ve probably heard people talk about the importance of password security before. But does it really matter what passwords you use - does anyone really care that much about getting into your accounts? Password security matters because: Any company account or device can contain information that’s lucrative to cybercriminals Exposure of customer or business data can be highly damaging to your organisation Ensuring only authorised users can log in to devices and systems helps maintain accountability ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 3
  4. 4. Password security matters because: Any company account or device can contain information that’s lucrative to cybercriminals Exposure of customer or business data can be highly damaging to your organisation Ensuring only authorised users can log in to devices and systems helps maintain accountability ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 4
  5. 5. How an attacker could guess your password How an attacker could guess your password You may have previously heard various advice about what makes for a strong password. To know what makes for a secure password, it’s important to understand how attackers will try to compromise passwords. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 5
  6. 6. The most common attack vector ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 6 The most common ways that cybercriminals will attempt to compromise passwords are: Lists of common passwords. Passwords like abc123 and P@ssword1 will be attempted first by attackers. Personal information. An attacker could use information like birthdays and pet names that are often easily found on social media.
  7. 7. Passwords compromised ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 7 Using brute-force attacks. The last resort for an attacker is a brute-force attack, which involves going through characters systematically until your password is arrived at (i.e. aaa, aab, aac, and so on…) Passwords compromised through breaches. If a site experiences a breach and your password is exposed, an attacker may try that password to log into your accounts on other services.
  8. 8. Why you shouldn’t reuse passwords? While it’s common advice that you should never reuse passwords, the important thing is to never reuse passwords for anything that matters. Websites and user databases are breached all the time, which may allow cybercriminals to crack the passwords that users of those sites used. They can then attempt a combination of the email you used to sign up for the site and the password you used on the site to attempt to log in to any other service or website. If you have reused your password anywhere else, the attacker will be able to get in instantly. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 8
  9. 9. How to create a password that’s easy to remember but hard to crack A perfect password would be one that was easy to remember but impossible to crack. While a perfect password is not possible, there is a technique you can use to get as close to it as you can: the three random words technique. Pick three entirely random words, such as raven clockwork burger (don’t choose any words that could be tied to you or your organisation, interests or family) Put the three random words together ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 9
  10. 10. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 10 Congratulations, you have a password that’s incredibly hard to crack but one that you already remember!
  11. 11. Keeping your password safe It's important to create a strong password, but the effort will be wasted if you don't take steps to keep your password safe. You should: Never write down passwords on paper Never share passwords with colleagues or anyone else Never send passwords in emails, text messages or in any other way to anyone else Never give your password to anyone, even the IT team will never need it ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 11
  12. 12. Multi-factor authentication While having a secure password is essential, it still may not be enough to stop an attacker. The more secure your password is the smaller the chance that a cybercriminal could randomly guess it - but it can always happen. A site may also cause your password to become compromised in a breach. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 12
  13. 13. Multi-factor authentication Multi-factor authentication protects your accounts by making you need another method of authentication in addition to your password when you sign in. This additional method could be: A code from an authentication app A code from a text message or email An authenticated removable device If you have anything worth protecting on an account, you should always turn on multi-factor authentication when it's available. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 13
  14. 14. When you are ready to continue to the questions section, TICK ALL THE BOXES TO CONTINUE! ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 14
  15. 15. Why having strong passwords matters How an attacker could breach your password Why you shouldn't reuse passwords Why using two-factor authentication helps to boost data security ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 15
  16. 16. How might your social media use affect your password security? Social media sites sell your passwords to cybercriminals If your password is related to your family, pets or interests, social media could allow it to be guessed Your friends on social media will be able to see your passwords ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 16
  17. 17. Question 1 Using a pattern on your keyboard will allow you to easily create a strong but memorable password? True or False ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 17
  18. 18. Question 1- Answer Using a pattern on your keyboard will allow you to easily create a strong but memorable password? False: It may memorable but it wouldn’t be strong ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 18
  19. 19. Question 2 If you're not in a job role where you regularly send or receive confidential information over email, it doesn't really matter if you have a strong password for your email or not? Yes or No ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 19
  20. 20. Question 2 - Answer Correct: There is a lot that a cybercriminal could do with access to a company email, so it is essential to protect all email accounts with strong passwords. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 20
  21. 21. Question 3 Which of these examples is the most secure password combination? QWERTY P@ssword1 clockworkeightydumbbell ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 21
  22. 22. Question 3 - Answer Correct: Having three random words make up your password makes it very difficult to crack while being reasonably easy to remember. clockworkeightydumbbell ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 22
  23. 23. Question 4 You have just started using a new application for processing confidential data. You've created a strong password, but is there anything else you can do to help keep your account secure? Write down your password somewhere safe Provide answers to security questions so you can recover the account if needed Turn on multi-factor authentication ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 23
  24. 24. Question 4 - Answer Correct: Turn on multi-factor authentication Multi-factor authentication is essential for keeping confidential apps secure, as it adds another layer of security. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 24
  25. 25. Question 5 What does multi- factor authentication do? It makes your accounts ask for multiple passwords instead of just one It makes your accounts ask for another method of authentication in addition to your password ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 25
  26. 26. Question 5 - Answer Correct: This another method could be a code from an authentication app, text message or email. It makes your accounts automatically detect cybercriminals trying to hack their way in, because they cant authenticate. (They don’t have the additional bit of information or authentication key) ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 26
  27. 27. Question 6 You have created strong passwords for all your accounts, but keep forgetting them. What should you do? Switch to using the same password for everything Write down your passwords on post-it notes on your monitor Write down your passwords in a spreadsheet Ask your IT team if they can provide you any tips or tools like password managers that you can use for password management ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 27
  28. 28. Question 6 - Answer Correct: There are tools available that can help you manage your passwords, but you should check with your IT support team before using them. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 28
  29. 29. Question 7 It's safest to create one strong password and to reuse it across all your accounts and devices? True / False ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 29
  30. 30. Question 7 - Answer Correct: You should not reuse passwords, because if you did and one leaked it would expose all your other accounts. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 30
  31. 31. Question 8 Who should you share your passwords with? Colleagues Your partner Your manager Nobody ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 31
  32. 32. Question 8 -Answer Correct: There is no reason why your manager or IT team would need your password, as they can use account privileges to access your accounts if required. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 32
  33. 33. Question 9 What is the best way to create a strong but memorable password? Use the name of your favourite singer or sports team and add a number after it The name of your pet, but add some special characters The same long and secure password you use for everything else Pick three random words and combine them together ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 33
  34. 34. Question 9 - Answer Correct: This allows you to create a password like 'buttergamingmongoose' that's difficult to crack but reasonably easy to remember. ASHLEY MIDDLETON (C) 2020 34
  35. 35. Thank You https://outlearn.training/

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