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DIGITAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES & REPLICATED ARTIFACTS:
QUESTIONS OF ANALYTICAL &
PHENOMENOLOGICAL AUTHENTICITY
& ETHICA...
DIGITAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES & REPLICATED ARTIFACTS:
QUESTIONS OF ANALYTICAL &
PHENOMENOLOGICAL AUTHENTICITY
& ETHICA...
DIGITAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES & REPLICATED ARTIFACTS:
QUESTIONS OF ANALYTICAL &
PHENOMENOLOGICAL AUTHENTICITY
& ETHICA...
DIGITAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES & REPLICATED ARTIFACTS:
QUESTIONS OF ANALYTICAL &
PHENOMENOLOGICAL AUTHENTICITY
& ETHICA...
Ashley M. Richter
Anthropological Archaeology
arichter@ucsd.edu
Vid Petrovic
Computer Science and Engineering
David Vanoni...
UBIQUITOUS DIGITIZATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE
Archaeological excavations are the test beds
of new diagnostic imaging techni...
Museums have become the training grounds for
augmented reality systems.
This is ARtifact – the CISA3
Augmented Reality Sys...
Digitization of the past provides new ways to see and think
about humanity. But while it heralds a new shiny epoch of
data...
Investigative Projects in
Florence, Jordan,
Mongolia, Mexico, and
back home in San Diego
Balboa Park
Petra & The Sites of ...
CULTURAL HERITAGE AS A PATH TOWARDS ADVANCING
TECHNOLOGY AND SIMULTANEOUSLY IMPACTING LEGAL
AND ETHICAL POLICY DEVELOPMENT...
LAYERED REALITIES IN DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURES FOR VISUALIZATION AT CISA3
Built on a
Digital Scaffold
We are refining the way we replicate space &
contribute towards humanities indexical
relationship with the past.
What fits...
THE CREATION OF REMOVED AUTHENTICITIES
Building hetero-utopias: Do they enhance
and make the past accessible? Or threaten
...
REPRODUCTION OF ARTIFACTS
If we can have a “perfectly”
phenomenological digital copy- do we need
to keep the original?
We ...
NEW ERA OF “AUTHENTIC” AND AUTHENTIC COPIES
OF ANTIQUITIES
GAME CHANGER for:
*Antiquities Trade/Collectors
*Looting & Loca...
3D PRINTING
Expanding and
Augmenting
Perception of the
Past- (Auras)
Threatening the
Original OR
Allowing Access and
Engag...
SCIENCE FICTION
INCREASINGLY
BECOMING
SCIENTIFIC
POSSIBILITY AND
REALITY
Star Trek Holodeck =
Phenomenologically
Accurate ...
If and when everyone can experience the past-
what does this mean to their sense of self in time?
• Globalism = awareness ...
THE DANGERS OF DATA TRANSPARENCY & (QUALITY)
SECURITY
What does this transparency of data mean and how we create navigatio...
STRIKING A BALANCE IN THE MUSEUM
The Digital as Enlightened Augmentation – for
scholars and the public alike.
Should augme...
AUTOPUBLICATION
Rapid Access = Publication Issues but also greater
expansion of access, engagement, and potentially
citize...
A Democratized Past with Open Access-
Challenges the Current Paradigm of Authoritarian Education and Historical
Engagement...
DEALING WITH THE DATA AVALANCHE
How much information is too much? And how do we find meaning
(especially archaeological an...
Conclusion: Constructs need to be
meaningful & navigable
Escher WikiCommons
BUT:
THANK YOU FOR
YOUR ATTENTION!
PLEASE COME MAKE FRIENDS-
LARGER NETWORKS OF
ARCHAEOLOGICAL INFORMATION &
VISUALIZATION SYST...
Digital Archaeological Landscapes & Replicated Artifacts: Questions of Analytical & Phenomenological Authenticity & Ethica...
Digital Archaeological Landscapes & Replicated Artifacts: Questions of Analytical & Phenomenological Authenticity & Ethica...
Digital Archaeological Landscapes & Replicated Artifacts: Questions of Analytical & Phenomenological Authenticity & Ethica...
Digital Archaeological Landscapes & Replicated Artifacts: Questions of Analytical & Phenomenological Authenticity & Ethica...
Digital Archaeological Landscapes & Replicated Artifacts: Questions of Analytical & Phenomenological Authenticity & Ethica...
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Digital Archaeological Landscapes & Replicated Artifacts: Questions of Analytical & Phenomenological Authenticity & Ethical Policies in Cyber Archaeology

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Digital Archaeological Landscapes & Replicated Artifacts: Questions of Analytical & Phenomenological Authenticity & Ethical Policies in Cyber Archaeology

  1. 1. DIGITAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES & REPLICATED ARTIFACTS: QUESTIONS OF ANALYTICAL & PHENOMENOLOGICAL AUTHENTICITY & ETHICAL POLICIES IN CYBERARCHAEOLOGY
  2. 2. DIGITAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES & REPLICATED ARTIFACTS: QUESTIONS OF ANALYTICAL & PHENOMENOLOGICAL AUTHENTICITY & ETHICAL POLICIES IN CYBERARCHAEOLOGY I’m an Archaeologist who works in the field, in the lab, and with museums and cultural heritage sites on building pipelines for digital data capture, processing, visualization, and effective dissemination systems – I’m looking at the anthropology of the adoption of technological dissemination systems in archaeology
  3. 3. DIGITAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES & REPLICATED ARTIFACTS: QUESTIONS OF ANALYTICAL & PHENOMENOLOGICAL AUTHENTICITY & ETHICAL POLICIES IN CYBERARCHAEOLOGY
  4. 4. DIGITAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES & REPLICATED ARTIFACTS: QUESTIONS OF ANALYTICAL & PHENOMENOLOGICAL AUTHENTICITY & ETHICAL POLICIES IN CYBERARCHAEOLOGY Semantic Debate Qualifying Different Aspects I actually prefer Cultural Heritage Diagnostic Visualization or Space/Spatial Archaeology if we’re getting specific… 3D Digital Heritage
  5. 5. Ashley M. Richter Anthropological Archaeology arichter@ucsd.edu Vid Petrovic Computer Science and Engineering David Vanoni Department of Computer Science Dr. Steven M. Parish Department of Anthropology, Psychological Anthropology Dr. Falko Kuester Departments of Structural Engineering and Computer Science and Engineering Dr. Thomas E. Levy Department of Anthropology, Anthropological Archaeology Note the Exciting Interdisciplinarity Representing the Philosophical Confluences We’re going to Discuss Center of Interdisciplinary Science for Art, Architecture, and Archaeology (CISA3) University of California, San Diego Qualcomm Institute, the UCSD branch of the California Institute of Telecommunications and Information Technology
  6. 6. UBIQUITOUS DIGITIZATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE Archaeological excavations are the test beds of new diagnostic imaging techniques and methodologies.The CISA3 Laser Scanners at work in Jordan & Italy
  7. 7. Museums have become the training grounds for augmented reality systems. This is ARtifact – the CISA3 Augmented Reality System which presented its user study results in the poster hall this morning UBIQUITOUS DIGITIZATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE
  8. 8. Digitization of the past provides new ways to see and think about humanity. But while it heralds a new shiny epoch of data transparency and access, it also represents a series of ethical quandaries which are looming on civilization’s horizon which we ought to be discussing as we evolve our digital systems. If something can be perfectly digitally replicated, what need is there to keep the original? What role does this intangible digital copy or any tangible physical copies made from it via techniques like 3D printing mean in comparison to the original? What does transparent access to digital cultural heritage mean for an engaged present? FOR INSTANCE:
  9. 9. Investigative Projects in Florence, Jordan, Mongolia, Mexico, and back home in San Diego Balboa Park Petra & The Sites of the Wadi Faynan, Jordan Mongolia Palazzo Vecchio Projects for the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo
  10. 10. CULTURAL HERITAGE AS A PATH TOWARDS ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY AND SIMULTANEOUSLY IMPACTING LEGAL AND ETHICAL POLICY DEVELOPMENT But we need to be ready for where we’re heading …even if we don’t know exactly where we’re headed. We Can’t and Shouldn’t Build blindly without any blueprints and without engaging the public further STEM --  STEAM education Speaking @ IEEE Aerospace 2014 on this subject
  11. 11. LAYERED REALITIES IN DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURES FOR VISUALIZATION AT CISA3 Built on a Digital Scaffold
  12. 12. We are refining the way we replicate space & contribute towards humanities indexical relationship with the past. What fits where, and how? - Visualization Makes Things Make Sense & Expand our Awareness & Analytical Potential – be it in Immersive Realities or Virtual Realities IN STRENGTHENING THE DIGITAL SCAFFOLD WITH EXPANDED AND ENHANCED VISUALIZATION METHODS….
  13. 13. THE CREATION OF REMOVED AUTHENTICITIES Building hetero-utopias: Do they enhance and make the past accessible? Or threaten the real space or artifact ? Shifts in phenomenological perception between authentic and copy?
  14. 14. REPRODUCTION OF ARTIFACTS If we can have a “perfectly” phenomenological digital copy- do we need to keep the original? We absolutely should keep everything if we can…but there is a storage space limit (physical & digital!) How do we access both effectively? Who should access and analyze these? Limitations of “trained” people (or will open access change this?)
  15. 15. NEW ERA OF “AUTHENTIC” AND AUTHENTIC COPIES OF ANTIQUITIES GAME CHANGER for: *Antiquities Trade/Collectors *Looting & Local Economies *Museum Replication Economics *Digital Access & Data Collection Quality Policies Science fiction TV writers guess that the authentic artifacts will continue to hold prestige
  16. 16. 3D PRINTING Expanding and Augmenting Perception of the Past- (Auras) Threatening the Original OR Allowing Access and Engagement? 3D Printed Artifacts by CISA3 Collaborator Cosmos Wenman
  17. 17. SCIENCE FICTION INCREASINGLY BECOMING SCIENTIFIC POSSIBILITY AND REALITY Star Trek Holodeck = Phenomenologically Accurate Spatial Reconstruction CISA3 building up immersive visualization systems for cultural heritage to make things like holodeck a reality Future possibility of Phenomenological Experience of Re-created Time? Questions of Programming Reliability & Variations?
  18. 18. If and when everyone can experience the past- what does this mean to their sense of self in time? • Globalism = awareness of space • Social Media/Internet= awareness of society • What happens when there is a global awareness of time and one’s place in it?
  19. 19. THE DANGERS OF DATA TRANSPARENCY & (QUALITY) SECURITY What does this transparency of data mean and how we create navigation systems that mediate bias and political agenda? Cultural heritage big data should remain a tool for preservation, analysis, and engagement, but not for politics and mis-information. Past Misuse Present Misuse, Misunderstanding & Sensationalism Dangers of the Augmente d Future
  20. 20. STRIKING A BALANCE IN THE MUSEUM The Digital as Enlightened Augmentation – for scholars and the public alike. Should augment but not replace The UCSD Exodus Exhibition & CURII Presentation
  21. 21. AUTOPUBLICATION Rapid Access = Publication Issues but also greater expansion of access, engagement, and potentially citizen science opportunities
  22. 22. A Democratized Past with Open Access- Challenges the Current Paradigm of Authoritarian Education and Historical Engagement – pushes for positive shifts (STEM -STEAM again)
  23. 23. DEALING WITH THE DATA AVALANCHE How much information is too much? And how do we find meaning (especially archaeological analytical meaning) from within it? Technology is rapidly allowing us to efficiently and cheaply do more and more…. Graph: M. Mansour
  24. 24. Conclusion: Constructs need to be meaningful & navigable Escher WikiCommons BUT:
  25. 25. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! PLEASE COME MAKE FRIENDS- LARGER NETWORKS OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL INFORMATION & VISUALIZATION SYSTEMS WILL ONLY SUSTAINABLY & EFFECTIVELY WORK THROUGH GLOBAL COLLABORATION

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