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Injury Prevention in Children


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Injury Prevention in Children

  1. 1. Injury Prevention in Children Ashley Lettieri Boise State University
  2. 2. Why is injury prevention so important? <ul><li>Injury is the leading cause of death among children in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>It accounts for the leading cause of medical spending for children </li></ul><ul><li>Most injuries are preventable! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Idaho: Unintentional Injury Deaths by Age Group Among Children 0 to 19 Years of Age
  4. 4. Idaho: Unintentional Injury Deaths by Cause Among Children 0 to 19 Years of Age
  5. 5. Motor Vehicle Injuries <ul><li>Number one cause of unintentional injury death in children in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Using age and size appropriate child safety seats reduces serious and fatal injuries by more than half </li></ul><ul><li>It is crucial that child safety seats are used and installed properly </li></ul>
  6. 6. Drownings <ul><li>Leading cause of injury death in children ages 1 to 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Idaho has the 2 nd highest unintentional drowning rate in the nation (behind Florida) for ages 1 to 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>About 75% of child drownings occur due to lapse of adult supervision for less than 5 minutes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Suffocation <ul><li>Leading cause of unintentional injury death in children <1 year of age </li></ul><ul><li>60% of infants suffocate in their sleeping environment due to pillows/cushions obstructing their airway while sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Some other risk factors for children include plastic accessories (bags), toy chests, and appliances such as dryers and refrigerators </li></ul>
  8. 8. Poisonings <ul><li>3 rd leading cause of unintentional injury deaths in 2008 in Idaho </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest occurrence in children <5 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the exposures occur in the child’s own home </li></ul><ul><li>Leading causes: pain killers, creams/ointments, drying agents (silica gel packets), personal care products, household cleaning and automotive products </li></ul>
  9. 9. Falls <ul><li>Leading cause of non-fatal injury </li></ul><ul><li>More than 80% of fall-related injuries of children <4 years of age occur in the home </li></ul><ul><li>Windows and playground equipment are major hazards for toddlers and older children </li></ul><ul><li>Stairs, furniture, and walkers are risk factors in children <4 years of age </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fires/Burns <ul><li>Approximately 528 children <14 years of age die annually due to unintentional fire and burn related injury </li></ul><ul><li>Scald burns are more common in younger children while burns from direct contact with fire is more prevalent among older children </li></ul><ul><li>Hot tap water accounts for 1 in 4 scald burns and is associated with more deaths and hospitalizations than any other hot liquid burn </li></ul><ul><li>Fireworks are a major risk factors in older children </li></ul>
  11. 11. What are some things you can do to help promote safety and injury prevention? <ul><li>Provide age-appropriate counseling during office visits </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of programs and resources available in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Offer parents educational material regarding injury prevention </li></ul>
  12. 12. Available Resources <ul><li>Handouts/Home safety check lists </li></ul><ul><li>Parenting classes and support groups </li></ul><ul><li>Car seat check up events </li></ul><ul><li>Poison Control number stickers </li></ul><ul><li>Safety publications available through USAA Educational Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Internet/Websites </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Idaho Department of Health and Welfare </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Kids USA </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>