Ashley Mcgraw Child Abuse

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Ashley Mcgraw Child Abuse

  1. 2. <ul><li>Neglect, in which the responsible adult fails to adequately provide for various needs, including physical (failure to provide adequate food, clothing, or hygiene), emotional (failure to provide nurturing or affection) or educational (failure to enroll a child in school). </li></ul><ul><li>Physical abuse: is physical aggression directed at a child by an adult. It can involve striking, burning, choking or shaking a child, and the distinction between discipline and abuse is often poorly defined. The transmission of toxins to a child through their mother (such as with fetal alcohol syndrome) can also be considered physical abuse in some jurisdictions. </li></ul><ul><li>Child sexual abuse is any sexual act between an adult and a child, including penetration, fondling, exposure to adult sexuality and violations of privacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological abuse, also known as emotional abuse, which can involve belittling or shaming a child, inappropriate or extreme punishment and the withholding of affection. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Constant hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Poor personal Hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Constant tiredness </li></ul><ul><li>Poor state of clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Emaciation </li></ul><ul><li>Untreated medical problems </li></ul><ul><li>No social relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsive scavenging </li></ul><ul><li>Destructive tendencies </li></ul>Overreaction to mistakes
  3. 4. <ul><li>Psychological Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>The immediate emotional effects of abuse and neglect—isolation, fear, and an inability to trust—can translate into lifelong consequences, including low self-esteem, depression, and relationship difficulties. Researchers have identified links between child abuse and neglect and the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties during infancy. Depression and withdrawal symptoms were common among children as young as 3 who experienced emotional, physical, or environmental neglect. (Dubowitz, Papas, Black, & Starr, 2002). </li></ul><ul><li>Poor mental and emotional health. In one long-term study, as many as 80 percent of young adults who had been abused met the diagnostic criteria for at least one psychiatric disorder at age 21. These young adults exhibited many problems, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and suicide attempts (Silverman, Reinherz, & Giaconia, 1996). Other psychological and emotional conditions associated with abuse and neglect include panic disorder, dissociative disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, depression, anger, posttraumatic stress disorder, and reactive attachment disorder (Teicher, 2000; De Bellis & Thomas, 2003; Springer, Sheridan, Kuo, & Carnes, 2007). </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive difficulties. NSCAW found that children placed in out-of-home care due to abuse or neglect tended to score lower than the general population on measures of cognitive capacity, language development, and academic achievement (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2003). A 1999 LONGSCAN study also found a relationship between substantiated child maltreatment and poor academic performance and classroom functioning for school-age children (Zolotor, Kotch, Dufort, Winsor, & Catellier, 1999). </li></ul><ul><li>Social difficulties. Children who experience rejection or neglect are more likely to develop antisocial traits as they grow up. Parental neglect is also associated with borderline personality disorders and violent behavior (Schore, 2003). </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>THE BEST WAY TO HELP STOP ALL CHILD ABUSE IS TO REPORT ANY AND ALL KNOWN CASES OF CHILD ABUSE AND ANY SIGNS TO YOUR LOCAL CHILD SERVICES. </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTING HEALTHY AND HAPPY FAMILIES. </li></ul><ul><li>TELL SOMEONE. MAKE THE PUBLIC AWARE OF WHAT CAN BE DONE. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>http://www.helpguide.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_abuse </li></ul>

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