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  2. 2. CONTENTS <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>CAUSES </li></ul><ul><li>SYMPTOMS </li></ul><ul><li>DIAGNOSIS </li></ul><ul><li>TREATMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTION </li></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><li>REFERENCES </li></ul>
  3. 3.   INTRODUCTION :  <ul><li>Septicemia is a potentially life-threatening infection in which large amounts of bacteria are present in the blood, It is commonly referred to as blood poisoning. </li></ul><ul><li>Septicemia, sometimes referred to as a medical condition that is caused by bacteria that is known as spectcemia or bacteremia. These bacteria affects the bodily functions of the blood as it is responsible for the carrying of oxygen, nutrients to your cells and it also carries waste and carbon dioxide. The human blood is also responsible for carrying important antibodies this makes it vulnerable to bacterial infections (pathogens) which get into the bloodstream and spread the infection rapidly. This infection is usually called Sepsis. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Site of infection <ul><li>Respiratory system </li></ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul><ul><li>Gastrointestinal system </li></ul><ul><li>Genitourinary system. </li></ul><ul><li>It may coincide with very aggressive infections such as Meningitis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bacteria Involved <ul><li>Bacteria usually spill over from the primary infection site into the blood and are carried throughout the body thereby spreading infection to various systems of the body. Bacteria such as : </li></ul><ul><li>E. coli </li></ul><ul><li>Streptococcus pneumoniae </li></ul><ul><li>Salmonella </li></ul><ul><li>Haemophilus influenzae </li></ul><ul><li>Type B,Listeria monocytogenes </li></ul><ul><li>Neisseria meningitidis </li></ul><ul><li>Group B streptococcus (GBS) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Causing
  8. 8.   TYPES :  <ul><li>Postoperative septicemia </li></ul><ul><li>Bacterial septicemia </li></ul><ul><li>Meningococcal septicemia </li></ul>
  9. 9. CAUSES :  <ul><li>Pseudomonas putrefaciens as a Cause of Septicemia in: - </li></ul><ul><li>Humans Wound infection </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical infection </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth abscess </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Oral cavity Burns </li></ul>
  10. 10.   SYMPTOMS :  <ul><li>Fever or abnormal low body temperature. </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid breathing (Tachypenea) </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid heartbeat </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in mental status such as confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Low blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Skin discoloration </li></ul><ul><li>Dyspnea </li></ul><ul><li>Thrombocytopenia </li></ul><ul><li>Chills </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Urinary infection </li></ul>
  11. 11.   DIAGNOSIS OF SEPTICEMIA <ul><li>Physical Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Low blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Low body temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Microbiogical analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Blood culture </li></ul><ul><li>Urine culture </li></ul><ul><li>Blood Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Arterial Blood Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Platelet count CBC </li></ul>
  12. 12.   TREATMENT :  <ul><li>Hospitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics : Clindamycin Ofloxacin Ampicillin Amoxycllin..etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive care Supportive therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Fluids </li></ul><ul><li>Homeopathic medicines- Carbolic acid, Arnica ..etc. </li></ul>
  13. 13.   PREVENTION :  <ul><li>Treating wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Treating infections </li></ul><ul><li>Regular dental checkup </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Truth About Septicemia <ul><li>The Disease that Killed Model Mariana Bridi da Costa </li></ul><ul><li>The Truth About Septicemia, the Disease that Killed Model Mariana Bridi da Costa In Bridi's case,her urinary tract infection caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa and prevented sufficient blood flow to her organs. Doctors had to amputate both arms and legs because her limbs weren’t receiving enough oxygen This type of bacteria is usually contracted in the hospital. Mariana Bridi da Costa died on Jan-24th, 2009 </li></ul>
  15. 15.   CONCLUSION <ul><li>As septicemia is the life threatening infection, we should aware of simple infections which leads to serious infection. By observing symptoms one can take care of infections at the initial stage. To avoid septicemia, people should be educated and not neglect the preventive measures of infection. </li></ul>
  16. 16.   REFERENCE :  <ul><li>Websites: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  17. 17. TEXT BOOKS <ul><li>Richard A.Helms, </li></ul><ul><li>David J.Quan, </li></ul><ul><li>Eric T.Herfindal, </li></ul><ul><li>Dick R.Gourley, </li></ul><ul><li>Text Book Of Therapeutics Drug&Disease Management,Published by Lippincott Williams&Wilkins,8th Edition 2006,Pg no; 2160 to 2165 Joel </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank You