Definition of Birth Control Birthcontrol: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent pregnancy from occurring in a sexually active woman.(Medicine net.com)
Different Kinds of Birth Control 1. Oral contraception – The pill Advantages – more regular and less painful periods. Easy to use, does not interrupt spontaneity. Reduces incidence of ovarian cyst and fibrocystic breast changes. May relieve premenstrual syndrome. Protects against uterine and ovarian cancers. May reduce acne. Disadvantages – Does not protect against STD, must be taken daily, sometimes difficult to remember. Can have unpleasant side effects. Raises risk of heart attack and stroke in some women. Requires a prescription. May cause depression. (Our Body, Ourselves, 2005)
Diaphram Advantages – can be inserted up to 6 hrs before sex. May help you know your body better. Does not affect menstrual cycles. Provide prevention against most reproductive tract infections. Can be used during menstruation to contain flow during intercourse. Has minimal side effects. Disadvantages – Does not provide as much protection against HIV as condoms. May interrupt spontaneity. Requires a fitting at a clinic. Needs occasional refitting. May increase risk of bladder infections and can be messy. (Our Bodies, Ourselves, 2005)
Contraceptive Patch Advantages – these are the same for The pill. Disadvantages – these are the same as the pill.
Vaginal Ring Advantages – easy to use, safe and convenient. Can be worn for 3 weeks. Private, no visable patches or pill packets. Provides protection from pregnancy one pill at a time. Does not interrupt spontaneity. Disadvantages - does not protect against STI’s including HIV. Slightly raised risk of heart attack and stroke for some women. Requires a prescription.
Depo Provera Advantages – Private, Does not require regular supplies or attention. Affective after 24 hrs. Does not interrupt sexual spontaneity. Has no estrogen. May decrease risk for uterine and ovarian cancers. Disadvantages – does not protect against STI’s including HIV. Requires injections every 3 months. Delay of return to fertility. Possible weight gain. Possible irregular bleeding or no menstrual bleeding at all. If side effects occur they can last a long time. (Our bodies, Ourselves, 2005)
IUD Advantages – immediately effective. No thought about contraception as long as it is in place. Effective for 5 to 10 years. Does not interrupt spontaneity. Disadvantages – Does not protect against STI, including HIV. Insertion and removal require clinic visits. Can be expelled. Can cause heavier than normal menstrual periods.
Why Women Resist Using Birth Control 1. Embarrassed or ashamed of own sexuality. 2. Unrealistically romantic about sex.. (It has to be passionate and spontaneous.) 3. Don’t want to inconvenience partner 4. Denial that pregnancy can happen “to me”. 5. Feel tempted to become pregnant to prove we are fertile.
Myths or Reality Teenages who participate in sex education classes are more like to have sex. Myth - With the knowledge of birth control less pregnancy and STIs If I miss a period while on the Pill, it doesn’t necessarily mean I am pregnant. Reality – It is not uncommon to miss a period while on birth control pills.
Areas Which I disagreed Over the past 150 years woman tried to move forward with birth control and each attempt had a backlash from conservatives. 1870 – Birth control branded “race suicide” 1930 – After WW II woman put back into home and fostered Baby Boomers. 1960’s – new rise in feminism – defining birth control as a reproductive right and motherhood as a choice. I feel that birth control is a choice of each individual woman, not men. I feel men have no right to tell us what to do with our bodies.
QUOTE “Although many teens think that parents must give consent in order for teens to obtain contraceptives, this is not true”. This jumped out at me, because I hope that teenagers, even when they feel they can’t talk to their moms, reach out to teachers, guidance counselors, physicians for guidance.
Discussion Question How would you feel if you had a child who was 14 years old and she wanted to start birth control?