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Introduction to Anatomy
Important Terms
• Cell
• Tissue
epithelium, connective tissue, muscular
tissue, nervous tissue.
• Organ
• System
Anatomy & its Branches
The science which deals with the study of the
structure and shape of the body, body parts &
their relationships to one another.
1. Gross anatomy
2. Histology
3. Embryology
Other branches
1. Regional anatomy
2. Systemic anatomy
3. Functional anatomy
4. Surface anatomy
5. Comperative anatomy
6. Radiological anatomy
7. Surgical anatomy
8. Applied / clinical anatomy
Anatomical position
Anatomical planes
1. Median plane / mid sagittal plane
2. Sagittal plane
3. Coronal plane
4. Transverse plane
Terms of position
1. Anterior / posterior
2. Medial / lateral
3. Superior / inferior
4. Superficial / deep
5. Internal / external
6. Proximal / distal
7. Palmar / planter
Terms of movement.
1. Flexion / extension
2. Abduction / adduction
3. Medial rotation / lateral rotation
4. Circumduction
1. Pronation / suppination
2. Inversion / eversion
3. Plantar flexion / dorsiflexion
4. Protraction / retraction
5. Elevation / depression
6. Opposition / reposition
Body Cavities and Membranes
• Dorsal body cavity
• Cavity subdivided into the cranial cavity and
the vertebral cavity.
• Cranial cavity houses the brain.
• Vertebral cavity runs through the vertebral
column and encloses the spinal cord
• Ventral body cavity – subdivided into:
• Thoracic cavity – divided into three parts
• Two lateral parts each containing a lung
surrounded by a pleural cavity
• Mediastinum – contains the heart surrounded
by the pericardial sac
• Ventral body cavity
• Abdominopelvic cavity – divided into two
parts
• Abdominal cavity – contains the liver,
stomach, kidneys, and other organs
• Pelvic cavity – contains the bladder, some
reproductive organs, and rectum
Other body cavities
• Oral cavity
• Nasal cavity
• Orbital cavities
• Middle ear cavities
• Synovial cavities

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Anatomy introduction SlideShare

  • 2. Important Terms • Cell • Tissue epithelium, connective tissue, muscular tissue, nervous tissue. • Organ • System
  • 3. Anatomy & its Branches The science which deals with the study of the structure and shape of the body, body parts & their relationships to one another. 1. Gross anatomy 2. Histology 3. Embryology
  • 4. Other branches 1. Regional anatomy 2. Systemic anatomy 3. Functional anatomy 4. Surface anatomy 5. Comperative anatomy 6. Radiological anatomy 7. Surgical anatomy 8. Applied / clinical anatomy
  • 6. Anatomical planes 1. Median plane / mid sagittal plane 2. Sagittal plane 3. Coronal plane 4. Transverse plane
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9. Terms of position 1. Anterior / posterior 2. Medial / lateral 3. Superior / inferior 4. Superficial / deep 5. Internal / external 6. Proximal / distal 7. Palmar / planter
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Terms of movement. 1. Flexion / extension 2. Abduction / adduction 3. Medial rotation / lateral rotation 4. Circumduction
  • 15.
  • 16. 1. Pronation / suppination 2. Inversion / eversion 3. Plantar flexion / dorsiflexion 4. Protraction / retraction 5. Elevation / depression 6. Opposition / reposition
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23. Body Cavities and Membranes • Dorsal body cavity • Cavity subdivided into the cranial cavity and the vertebral cavity. • Cranial cavity houses the brain. • Vertebral cavity runs through the vertebral column and encloses the spinal cord
  • 24.
  • 25. • Ventral body cavity – subdivided into: • Thoracic cavity – divided into three parts • Two lateral parts each containing a lung surrounded by a pleural cavity • Mediastinum – contains the heart surrounded by the pericardial sac
  • 26. • Ventral body cavity • Abdominopelvic cavity – divided into two parts • Abdominal cavity – contains the liver, stomach, kidneys, and other organs • Pelvic cavity – contains the bladder, some reproductive organs, and rectum
  • 27.
  • 28. Other body cavities • Oral cavity • Nasal cavity • Orbital cavities • Middle ear cavities • Synovial cavities