Les juifs de Chine


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Présence juive en Chine

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Les juifs de Chine

  1. 1. Jewish Harbin Kaifeng Jews
  2. 2. The Harbin Huang Shan Jewish Cemetery, located in the city's suburbs, is the largest and the best - preserved cemetery in the Far East .
  3. 4. <ul><li>The cemetery, with about 600 tombstones engraved in Russian and Yiddish, was built in 1903 in the city center and was transferred outside the city in 1958 . In 1992, after the establishment of relations between Israel and China, it was renovated. </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Ehud Olmert, </li></ul><ul><li>Israel's prime minister, paid respects to his grandfather who is buried in the cemetery . </li></ul><ul><li>He left a stone </li></ul><ul><li>on the tomb of his grandfather Joseph Olmert, who died in Harbin in 1941 . </li></ul>
  5. 9. The group members  are saying &quot;Kaddish&quot;
  6. 10. Jewish Hospital
  7. 11. The Harbin Jewish hospital was once a first-class hospital in Harbin , it received not only Jewish patients, but also patients of other nationalities.
  8. 12. Modern Hotel and Kaspe Jewellery were founded by a French Jew Y ·A·Kaspe.
  9. 17. Minha in the hotel in Harbin
  10. 18. <ul><li>Archeological evidence points to a Jewish presence in China as early as the 8th century, when Jewish merchants traveled the Silk Road from Persia and India . Many travelers, including Marco Polo in the 13th century, reported meeting Jews . During the Ming Dynasty ( 1368-1644 ) , a Ming emperor conferred seven surnames on the Jews, which still identify them today : Ai, Lao, Jin, Li, Shi, Zhang and Zhao . Shi and Jin are the equivalent of common Jewish names in the west : Stone and Gold . </li></ul>http :// www . jewish - holiday . com / kaifeng . html
  11. 19. Wikipedia <ul><li>The Kaifeng Jews are members of a small Jewish community that has existed in Kaifeng, in the Henan province of China, for hundreds of years . </li></ul><ul><li>According to historical records, a Jewish community with a synagogue built in 1163 lived in Kaifeng from at least the Southern Song Dynasty until the late nineteenth century. </li></ul>
  12. 20. <ul><li>The head Jew of Kaifeng gives the Rabbi a gift </li></ul>
  13. 22. The Head Jew of Kaifeng,giving Marion a b-day gift. Mazal Tov !
  14. 24. <ul><li>It is believed that the ancestors of the Kaifeng Jews came from Central Asia. The uninterrupted existence of this religious and ethnic group, living for over 700 years in socio-cultural surroundings strongly dominated by Confucian moral and ethical principles, is a unique phenomenon in Chinese and Jewish history. </li></ul>Wikipedia
  15. 25. Moshe, the head Jew and his Chinese wife
  16. 26. Encyclopedia of Diaspora <ul><li>The leader of this group is called Moshe, name given to him by an uncle who told him to remember that he was Jewish. </li></ul><ul><li>Moshe said :” The </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish history and culture of Kaifeng is part of the history of the world ‘s Jewish people”. </li></ul>
  17. 27. Kaifeng Jewish descendant
  18. 28. Kaifeng Jewish descendant’s kitchen
  19. 29. Kaifeng descendant’s mezuzah In spite of a lack of formal religious practice, Kaifeng Jews have a sense of ethnic identity . Some list their children as &quot; Youtai &quot; ( Jewish ) on government documents next to a spot where they might have written &quot; Han &quot; ( Ethnic Chinese ) , and are happy to meet foreign visiting Jews .
  20. 30. <ul><li>Kaifeng </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish </li></ul><ul><li>descendant </li></ul>
  21. 31. <ul><li>In his 1992 documentary series Legacy, historian Michael Wood walked down a small lane in Kaifeng that he said is known as the &quot;alley of the sect who teach the Scriptures&quot;, that is, of the Jews. He mentioned that there are still Jews in Kaifeng today, but that they are reluctant to reveal themselves &quot;in the current political climate.&quot; The documentary's companion book further states that one can still see a &quot;mezuzah on the door frame, and the candelabrum in the living room.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Kaifeng_Jews </li></ul>
  22. 33. THE RABBI SUPERVISING THE LOADING OF THE TORAH HE BROUGHT ALL THE WAY FROM THE STATES We actually did make a little history, because as far as we are aware, a torah which was carried from the States by Rabbi Franklin, was read on the Shabbat Service on Saturday morning. He believed that this was the first time a torah was read on Shabbat in Harbin in 50 or so years . To me that Saturday morning service was the highlight of our tour( Charles ) .
  23. 34. Modern Kaifeng
  24. 35. Bar in Kaifeng
  25. 36. Modern hotel
  26. 39. Dec-08 <ul><li>Photos : </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Berelowitz </li></ul><ul><li>Music : </li></ul><ul><li>Mirel Reznik </li></ul>