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Stephen Hall: National Sustainable Development & Wellbeing Indicators


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Stephen Hall (DEFRA) presents to the Association of Regional Observatories Network Event held in Birmingham on Wednesday 27th January 2010. Stephen's presentation focuses on 'National Sustainable Development and Wellbeing Indicators'.

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Stephen Hall: National Sustainable Development & Wellbeing Indicators

  1. 1. National Sustainable Development and Wellbeing Indicators Stephen Hall Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Association of Regional Observatories Network Event 27 January 2010 Birmingham Contents of the presentation are Crown Copyright but may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium provided that it is reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context.  The material must be acknowledged as Crown Copyright with the title  and source specified.   Any views expressed are those of the author and are not necessarily official Government views, unless drawn directly from official sources.  
  2. 2. THE DAILY TELEGRAPH It’s grim up North, say life quality statistics
  3. 3. THE DAILY TELEGRAPH It’s grim up North, say life quality statistics <ul><li>Daily Express </li></ul><ul><li>Great divide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Head south if you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>want a longer life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>northerners told </li></ul></ul>The Guardian Poverty and crime make it tough up north - but more birds are singing
  4. 4. Policy frameworks & indicators <ul><li>1994 - The UK Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>1999 - A better quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>2005 - Securing the future </li></ul><ul><li>1996 - Indicators of SD (120) </li></ul><ul><li>1999 - Quality of life counts (147) </li></ul><ul><li>2005 - Framework / Strategy indicators (68) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Leaflets – UK first in 2001 2001 - 2004
  6. 6. Leaflets – EU Environment 2004 -
  7. 7. Pocket booklets <ul><li>68 SD indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Simple presentation </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Traffic light’ assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Pie-chart summaries </li></ul><ul><li>60,000 copies per year </li></ul>2004 -
  8. 8. Website
  9. 9. Indicator framework Decoupling emissions, resource use & waste Society Employment & poverty Education Health Mobility & access Justice & equity Housing Wellbeing International Contextual Sustainable consumption & production Natural resource protection & enhancement Climate change & energy Creating sustainable communities & a fairer world
  10. 10. Greenhouse gas emissions
  11. 11. ‘ Embedded’ emissions
  12. 12. CO 2 emissions and energy use <ul><li>Energy use </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul>
  13. 13. Environmental equality
  14. 14. <ul><li>How can we assess progress? </li></ul><ul><li>Policy targets? </li></ul><ul><li>Progress since baselines? </li></ul><ul><li>When is a change good enough? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we summarise? </li></ul>Assessment
  15. 15. <ul><li>Indicators summarised by traffic lights </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments of change since baselines of 1990 & 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Not against targets </li></ul>Assessment
  16. 16. Pie chart summaries
  17. 17. Comparison between linear projection and policy target New work on projections and targets
  18. 18. Linear and ‘policy’ path to target ‘ Policy’ exponential path to target Linear path to target New work on projections and targets
  19. 19. Comparison between path to target from baseline year and trend New work on projections and targets
  20. 20. <ul><li>15 headline indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Regional comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Traffic light’ assessments </li></ul>Regional Quality of Life Counts <ul><li>2000 to 2004 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Regional indicators <ul><li>Reviewed need for regional indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Regional measures for as many of the national indicators as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed data sources across Government </li></ul><ul><li>Can produce regional measures for 46 of the 68 national indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Not all are a perfect! </li></ul>
  22. 22. Household waste recycling Percentage of household waste recycled, 1998-9 and 2006-7
  23. 23. Website
  24. 24. Pie chart summary: Yorkshire & the Humber SCP & natural resources Sustainable Communities
  25. 25. Wellbeing framework Domain Factors Health <ul><li>Mental health </li></ul><ul><li>Physical health </li></ul>How we spend our time <ul><li>Active engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Spending time with family / friends </li></ul>Standard of living <ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Material deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>Financial security </li></ul>Achievement in life <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of purpose </li></ul>Attitudes and beliefs <ul><li>Feeling threatened </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy / control </li></ul><ul><li>Optimism </li></ul>Relationships <ul><li>Personal support </li></ul><ul><li>Personal relationships </li></ul>Environment <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Use of green space </li></ul>
  26. 26. Wellbeing as SD indicators <ul><li>39. Fear of crime * </li></ul><ul><li>41. Workless households </li></ul><ul><li>43. Childhood poverty </li></ul><ul><li>45. Pensioner poverty </li></ul><ul><li>47. Education </li></ul><ul><li>50. Healthy life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>51. Mortality rates (suicide) </li></ul><ul><li>57. Accessibility * </li></ul><ul><li>59. Social justice </li></ul><ul><li>60. Environmental equality </li></ul><ul><li>62. Housing conditions </li></ul><ul><li>66. Satisfaction with local area * </li></ul>Perceptions of anti-social behaviour * Self-reported general health * Self-reported long-standing illness * Mortality rates for those with severe mental illness Trust in people in neighbourhood * Influencing decisions in local area *
  27. 27. 68. Wellbeing measures <ul><li>Overall life satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Overall life satisfaction by social grade </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction with aspects of life </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction with aspects of life, by social grade </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction with aspects of life, by age </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of positive and negative feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of positive and negative feelings, by social grade </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of feelings or activities which may have a positive or negative impact on wellbeing </li></ul><ul><li>Level of participation in sport </li></ul><ul><li>Access to green space </li></ul><ul><li>Level of participation in other activities </li></ul><ul><li>Positive mental health </li></ul>
  28. 28. Overall life satisfaction Life satisfaction rating, by socio-economic class
  29. 29. Regional dissatisfaction
  30. 30. Satisfaction with aspects of life Relationships Accommodation Standard of living Local area Day to day activities Health Leisure Control Achievement of goals Future financial security Community 88% 86% 85% 82% 78% 78% 73% 72% 70% 63% 61% Overall average: fairly or very satisfied Chart shows difference from the average
  31. 31. Satisfaction with aspects of life
  32. 32. Frequency of feelings Happy Engaged Energised Unsafe Depressed Lonely Everything was an effort Sleep was restless 73% 64% 45% 3% 5% 6% 16% 24% Overall average: everyday or most days in the last 2 weeks Chart shows difference from the average