RESOURCES ANDDEVELOPMENT“There is enough for everyone’sneed and not for any body’sgreed”-MAHATAMA GANDHI
INTRODUCTION• Natural resources occur naturally within environments that existrelatively undisturbed by mankind, in a natural form.A natural resource is often characterized by amounts ofbiodiversity and geodiversity existent in various ecosystems.
WHAT IS IN THE PRESENTATION??• TYPES OF RESOURCES• DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCES• RESOURCE PLANNING• LAND RESOURCES• SOIL AS A RESOURCE
TYPES OF RESOURCESRESOURCESNATURAL HUMANRENEWABLE NON RENEWABLE STRUCTURES &INSTITUTIONSQUANTITY ANDQUALITYRECYCLABLENONRECYCLABLECONTINUOUSBIOLOGICALNATURALVEGETATIONWILDLIFE
ON THE BASIS OF ORIGIN• Biotic resources - These are obtained from thebiosphere . It involves living organisms. Like- humanbeings , flora and fauna etc.• Abiotic resources – All those things that are made ofinorganic materials . Like – Metals , rocks etc.
ON THE BASIS OFEXHAUSTIBILITY• Renewable Resources - The resources that can be renewedor reproduced by physical, chemical & mechanicalprocesses. For example solar, tidal and wind energy.• Non - Renewable Resources - They occur over a verylong geological time, taking millions of years in theirformation.For eg.minerals, coal.
ON THE BASIS OF OWNERSHIP• Individual resources: these are owned by individualsprivately. Like land owned by a farmer allotted to them bygovernment against the payment of revenue.• Community owned resources: these include resourcesthat are accessible to all the members of the communitylike the village grazing grounds, burial groundsetc.
• National resources: technically speaking all theresources belong to the nation because the country haslegal powers to acquire even private property for publicgood.• International resources: The oceanic resourcesbeyond 200nautical miles of the Exclusive EconomicZone belong to open ocean and no individual countrycan utilize these without the consensus of internationalinstitutions.
ON THE BASIS OF STATUS OFDEVELOPMENT• Potential resources: resources which have not been put to usebut are found in a region are called potential resources. LikeRajasthan and Gujarat can be utilized for their solar and windenergies .• Developed resources: it includes resources which are surveyedand their quality and quantity have been determined for utilization.
• Stock: the materials in the environment which have thepotential to satisfy human needs but cannot be usedbecause of technology, are included among stock.• Reserves: they are the subset of stock which are usedwith the help of existing technical knowledge. Forexample water in lakes, dams, forests etc is a reservewhich can be used in the future.
DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCES• It is the process of developing the resources in order tomake them useful for satisfying human wants. Someresources cannot be used directly. They have to beprocessed to make them useful for satisfying our wants.• Ex: Land has to be cleared and ploughed for growingcrops. Water has to be taken to the field to irrigate.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT &AGENDA 21• Sustainable development – It is the developmentwhich is done without compromising the needs of futuregeneration or damaging the nature.• Agenda 21- Aims at achieving global sustainabledevelopment. For diminishing poverty, environmentaldamages
RESOURCE PLANNING• Resource planning in INDIA is done in the followingways :-• Identification and inventory of resources by surveyingand mapping.• Evolving a planning structure.• Matching the resource development plans with overallnational development plans.
LAND USE IN INDIA43%27%30%Land under importantRelief FeaturesPlains Mountains PlateausForest area in thecountry is far lower thanthe desired 33% ofgeographical area as itwas outlined in theNational Forest Policy(1952).
SOIL• The upper most layer of the earth’s crust which is loose, broken and useful for plants is called soil.• Soil is formed mainly due to the process of weathering.As a result of weathering a layer of loose rock materialsis formed on the land surface.
SOIL AS A RESOURCE• Man depends on the soil directly or indirectly for hisfood.• Agriculture can be practiced only if soils are available.• Man gets the materials needed for shelter and clothingdirectly (or) indirectly from the soil.• Soils are essential for the growth of forests.
TYPES OF SOILS• Alluvial soil –Alluvial soil is the most fertile and widespread soil found in India.It is formed due to the depositionof fine silt called alluvium by the rivers.• Black soil - Regur soils are called black cotton soilsbecause they are black in colour and are very good forcotton cultivation. It is made up of extremely fine clayeymaterials.
• Red soils - It is red in colour because of the presence of ironin it. It is found in Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Andhra pradesh etc.• Laterite soils - Laterite soil is formed due to intense leachingcaused by tropical rainfall. Humus content is less because themicro-organisms get destroyed due to high temperature.•
• Arid soils- Arid soils are red or brown in colour. Theyare sandy and saline. Humus and moisture contents arevery less. They can be cultivated after irrigation.
MADE BY GROUP‘VIII’The members are:-1. ARYAVARTA GIRI – LEADER2. SHWETA PANT – CO-LEADER3. ADITYA VIKRAM RAWAT4. SHREESH KULIYAL5. AYUSH NAWANI