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DIGITAL DISTRIBUTION AND THE
MUSIC INDUSTRY IN 2001
CASE STUDY
BY
VAIBHAV AGARWAL
ARVIND YADAV
History
Year s events
1900 Edison’s cylinder begins to decline in
popularity
1910 Electrical recording was in expt stage.
...
Cont…
1980 The Walkman II was introduced
1990 Philips introduces its Compact Disc Interactive(CD-I)
that could play audio ...
Introduction
• Napster-connect to a sub-network which allowed
them to share files they each stored on their
computers.
• I...
S-curves for various technologies.
Fall of Napster, Rise of True P2P
• In March 2001, a US court ordered Napster to block
the sharing of all copyrighted song...
The most likely paths
• Scenario 1: On-Line Selling Becomes the Standard
• Scenario 2: P2P Systems Succeed in Capturing
Ma...
Implications for the Strategy of
the Key Players
• Strategic Option 1: Do nothing.
– The illegal distribution of free musi...
Recommended Strategy
• Napster’s claim (supporting Scenario 1) is that they
believe their system merely helps to sell more...
Conclusion
• All four Scenarios presented suggest that there will be significant
erosion of legal sales of music.
– Roughl...
Case 10-ts
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Case 10-ts

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Digital distribution and the Music Industry in 2001
By
ARVIND YADAV

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Case 10-ts

  1. 1. DIGITAL DISTRIBUTION AND THE MUSIC INDUSTRY IN 2001 CASE STUDY BY VAIBHAV AGARWAL ARVIND YADAV
  2. 2. History Year s events 1900 Edison’s cylinder begins to decline in popularity 1910 Electrical recording was in expt stage. 1920 Record sales were significantly depressed by the growing popularity of the ratio. 1930 The Gramophone Co. and the Columbia Graphophone Co. combined to form Electrical and Musical Industries(EMI). 1940 RCA Victor Presented the first ever “Gold Disc” to Glenn Miller for the million selling ‘ Chattanooga Choo- choo’.
  3. 3. Cont… 1980 The Walkman II was introduced 1990 Philips introduces its Compact Disc Interactive(CD-I) that could play audio discs and films as well as computer games. 1950 Cinerama presented multi sound track replay to the public for the first time. 1960 Stereo replaces mono as the recording mode. 1970` Quadraphonic records appeared on the market but public reaction was unenthusiastic. Years Events
  4. 4. Introduction • Napster-connect to a sub-network which allowed them to share files they each stored on their computers. • In 2001 ,US government banned as it is against intellectual property right.
  5. 5. S-curves for various technologies.
  6. 6. Fall of Napster, Rise of True P2P • In March 2001, a US court ordered Napster to block the sharing of all copyrighted songs. • The number of people using Napster went from a high of 15 million to 12 million in 2001. • In true P2P technology, where no central file server was required. • P2P networks allowing consumers to distribute music to each other without paying fees to retailers, or royalties to producers or artists
  7. 7. The most likely paths • Scenario 1: On-Line Selling Becomes the Standard • Scenario 2: P2P Systems Succeed in Capturing Market Power • Scenario 3: Future Technology Makes Individual Music Purchases Obsolete • Scenario 4: The Internet Redefines the Nature of Intellectual Property
  8. 8. Implications for the Strategy of the Key Players • Strategic Option 1: Do nothing. – The illegal distribution of free music amongst younger trend-setters, as with software, could become a key means of marketing it, • Strategic Option 2: – Attempt to develop a competing on-line music service to the free P2P systems, – Provides a more complete catalog of music at a discounted rate, with benefits that only a fully legal system could provide,
  9. 9. Recommended Strategy • Napster’s claim (supporting Scenario 1) is that they believe their system merely helps to sell more records. • Current data suggest that this is not correct but this should be tracked, by closely monitoring key indicators such as: – Number of downloads from free services – Sales of CDs to key demographics • Some leading indicators which may help predict the above include: – Sales of MP3 players – % of the population that has broadband internet access – % of the population that believes there’s nothing wrong with downloading music illegally – Number of users of popular file sharing systems
  10. 10. Conclusion • All four Scenarios presented suggest that there will be significant erosion of legal sales of music. – Roughly 20 CDs downloaded for free in every US household, compared with only 10 CDs purchased. • P2P systems mean greater mass appeal for artists than ever before. • It seems clear is that there is no first mover advantage in a market. • The best strategy in the short term may be simply to press on with • law suits against software developers – including P2P software vendors. • continue pilot projects to see exactly how consumers do react to convenient, commercial subscription based systems.

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