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Blended learning

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Blended learning

  1. 1. BLENDED LEARNING Blended learning models, Blended learning benefits Ausyak Ivanyan
  2. 2. WHAT IS BLENDED LEARNING The term blended learning is generally applied to the practice of using both online and in-person learning experiences when teaching students. In a blended-learning course, for example, students might attend a class taught by a teacher in a traditional classroom setting, while also independently completing online components of the course outside of the classroom. In this case, in-class time may be either replaced or supplemented by online learning experiences, and students would learn about the same topics online as they do in class—i.e., the online and in-person learning experiences would parallel and complement one another. Also called hybrid learning and mixed-mode learning, blended- learning experiences may vary widely in design and execution from school to school. For example, blended learning may be provided in an existing school by only a few teachers or it may be the dominant learning-delivery model around which a school’s academic program is designed. Online learning may be a minor component part of a classroom-based course, or video-recorded lectures, live video and text chats, and other digitally enabled learning activities may be a student’s primary instructional interactions with a teacher. In some cases, students may work independently on online lessons, projects, and assignments at home or elsewhere, only periodically meeting with teachers to review their learning progress, discuss their work, ask questions, or receive assistance with difficult concepts. In other cases, students may spend their entire day in a traditional school building, but they will spend more time working online and independently than they do receiving instruction from a teacher. Again, the potential variations are numerous.
  3. 3. Over the past decade, digital- and online-learning options have become more popular and more widely used in public schools, although many schools have been slow or reluctant to adopt new technologies for number of complex reasons, ranging from inadequate funding, technologies, and computing networks to general organizational recalcitrance and resistance to change. Given the fact that the internet and most digital learning technologies are still relatively new, instructional alternatives such as blended learning could be seen as de facto reform strategies—i.e., by incorporating blended learning, schools and teachers are forced to change the ways in which they have historically instructed and interacted with students. For example, if students begin learning both in-person and online, it might lead schools to reexamine their traditional school schedule and rethink how the typical school day is structured. In many cases, blended learning is one component of a larger reform initiative in a school or district.
  4. 4. Advantages and Disadvantages Generally speaking, blended learning offers many potential advantages and disadvantages that will largely depend on the quality of the design and execution of a given blended-learning model. Advocates may argue that blended learning gives students the benefits of both online learning and in-person instruction. For example, students can work independently and at their own pace online, but still have access to the personal attention of a teacher and all the assistance, knowledge, and resources such an educator provides. At the same time, teachers can structure courses and deliver instruction more flexibly or creatively than in a traditional classroom setting. That said, advocates of blended learning may also argue that online learning, on its own, is insufficient without in-person or one-on-one interactions with a teacher. Critics of blended-learning experiences may also question whether the practice can provide students with enough personal attention, guidance, and assistance from teachers, especially for students who may not be self-directed, self-disciplined, or organized enough to learn effectively without regular supervision from teachers and adults. Without in-person supervision, for example, students could easily spend more of their study time using social media and chatting with friends than doing their schoolwork. Critics also question whether teachers have received or will receive adequate training in how to instruct students effectively in a blended- learning context, given that the practice requires teachers to use new technologies and, possibly, more sophisticated instructional practices.
  5. 5. Benefits of blended learning The Benefits of Blending Blended learning is not new. However, in the past, blended learning was comprised of physical classroom formats, such as lectures, labs, books, or handouts. Today, organizations have a myriad of learning approaches and choices. Some of these are shown in Table 1. The concept of blended learning is rooted in the idea that learning is not just a one-time event—learning is a continuous process. Blending provides various benefits over using any single learning delivery medium alone Extending the Reach A single delivery mode inevitably limits the reach of a learning program or critical knowledge transfer in some form or fashion. For example, a physical classroom training program limits the access to only those who can participate at a fixed time and location, whereas a virtual classroom event is inclusive of remote audiences and, when followed up with recorded knowledge objects (ability to playback a recorded live event), can extend the reach to those who could not attend at a specific time.
  6. 6. Optimizing Development Cost and Time Combining different delivery modes has the potential to balance out and optimize the learning program development and deployment costs and time. A totally online, self-paced, media-rich, Web-based training content may be too expensive to produce (requiring multiple resources and skills), but combining virtual collaborative and coaching sessions with simpler self-paced materials, such as generic off-the-shelf WBT, documents, case studies, recorded e-learning events, text assignments, and PowerPoint presentations (requiring quicker turn-around time and lower skill to produce) may be just as effective or even more effective. Evidence that Blending Works We are so early into the evolution of blended learning that little formal research exists on how to construct the most effective blended program designs. However, research from institutions such as Stanford University and the University of Tennessee have given us valuable insight into some of the mechanisms by which blended learning is better than both traditional methods and individual forms of e-learning technology alone. This research gives us confidence that blending not only offers us the ability to be more efficient in delivering learning, but more effective.
  7. 7. Models of Blended Learning Blended Learning is a big concept, an umbrella term, that contains several other sub-methods. Below are the four models that are most used in schools today. The definitions together with the accompanying videos featured here are taken from Blended Learning 101 course. This course is offered by Khan Academy ( one of the leading protagonists of blended learning approach) in partnership with the Clayton Christensen Institute and the Silicon Schools Fund. 1Flippedclassroom Flipped classroom or flipped learning is a methodology, an approach to learning in which technology is employed to reverse the traditional role of classroom time. If in the past, classroom time is spent at lecturing to students , now in a flipped model, this time is utilized to encourage individualized learning and provide one-on-one help to students, and also to improve student- teacher interaction. While the instructional or teachable content is still available in class, however this content is mainly designed in such a way to be accessed outside class which is a great way for struggling students to learn at their own pace. Check out this page for more resources on Flipped Learning. 2 Station Rotation Model In a station rotation model, within a given course or subject , students rotate at fixed points in time between different learning stations, at least one of which is an online learning station. Other stations might include activities such as small-group or full-class instruction, group projects, individual tutoring, and pencil-and- paper assignments. Some implementations involve the entire class alternating among activities together; whereas others divide the class into small-group rotations. In the Station Rotation model, students rotate through all of the stations.
  8. 8. 3- Lab Rotation Model In a lab Rotation model, students rotate at fixed points in time between a classroom and computer lab, in which students learn predominantly online. The classroom is generally reserved for other learning activities. Difference between Lab rotation model and Station rotation model: In station rotation model students are rotating within a given classroom whereas in the lab model they are actually rotating out to a learning lab where they are doing their online learning. Watch to see how Navigator Schools use this model in their instruction. 4- Flex Model In the Flex model, online learning forms the backbone of a student's learning, even if it directs students to office activities at times, and students are able to move flexibly through different learning modalities with the goal of optimizing their learning experience based on their specific needs. Each student in essence has a customized, fluid schedule among learning modalities. The teacher of record is on-site, and the teacher-of-record or other adults provide face-to-face support on a flexible and adaptive as-needed basis through activities such as small-group instruction, group projects, and individual tutoring . Some implementations have substantial face-to-face support, and others have minimal. Watch how Summit public schools is using the Flex model in their instruction.
  9. 9. VIRTUAL CLASSROOM Physical or Virtual Classrooms? The main difference between the physical classroom and the virtual classroom is those of location, time and spaces required by students and teachers to access and partake in classroom activities. In the physical classroom a physical location must be visited at a fixed time in order to participate, while a virtual classroom is not physically accessed and has no real fixed time or location which is a great boon. The manner in which a teacher delivers educational material remains an important factor in the success of both classrooms. Though both the classrooms employ similar learning theory, curriculum design and pedagogy, live face-to-face interaction is missing in the VCR method, which may have a negative influence. May be the solution is the blended method where physical classroom training is combined with the virtual classroom training, thus accommodating a wider range of student needs. As teaching in both the physical and virtual classroom is learner- centered, students learn by engaging in group work, projects, discussions, and other content relating to real-world contexts. The VCR is used to provide additional communication and material, along with the learning that occurs in the physical classroom.
  10. 10. VIRTUAL CLASSROOM TOOLS E-mail Discussion boards Chat rooms Whiteboards Video/audio conferencing Instant messaging Podcasting/podcasting Teleconferencing Weblogs Wikis
  11. 11. COMBINATION PHYSICAL CLASSROOM WITH VIRTUAL CLASSROOM Collaboration in learning Teacher and students collaborate in the physical classroom. Teachers and students collaborate online via audio, video, and text chat. It’s hard to address the needs of different levels of learners in a single class. If there aren’t additional resources available for groups such as slower or gifted students, they often have to make do with a one-size-fits-all average class. It’s easier to work with different learner types. Divide a single virtual classroom into breakout sessions, and let students of different levels work at their own pace, while the teacher moderates and facilitates. Usually one teacher per class. Difficult to bring in guest speakers due to physical and travel constraints. Easier to involve multiple teachers, and to bring in guest speakers from anywhere in the world. Mostly single subject learning due to space and scheduling constraints. Inter-disciplinary and off-beat subjects easy to teach and learn, thanks to lack of space and fewer scheduling constraints.
  12. 12. WRITTEN COMMUNICATION Written expression with a focus on German grammar is achieved through a blend of in class and online tasks and through tasks that rely on collaborative knowledge construction in group projects. Students develop grammatical and vocabulary skills through writing practice and discussion on topics of everyday life as well as on political, social and cultural aspects of German-speaking countries. This course balances classroom contact with face to face interaction among students and with the instructor, small-group meetings outside of class time, individual consultations with the instructor during office hours and on the other technology-mediated discussions and exchanges. Collaborative activities are central to the course and all students engage in three small group projects: the verb project, the noun project and sentence project. Each group creates a grammar card a text on one of three topics given and a portfolio.
  13. 13. In the flipped classroom lectures or other materials are delivered online for some classes or tutorials and students use these materials to prepare for active learning in the classroom. The in-class activities often involve peer learning or small group activities to engage students in discussion or problem solving. Blended reading instruction with technology provides powerful and meaningful tools for literacy instruction.  Text-reading Software  Fundamental Skills Software  Word play and phonics-based games  Leveled reading and Digital Text Resources  Dictionaries,Thesauari and Vocabulary
  14. 14. BLENDED LEARNING AND TEACHING LANGUAGES Blended learning is an innovative teaching method that offers students with a flexible teaching environment. The assumption that blended learning would contribute to the enhancement of vocabulary knowledge is in principles underlying vocabulary learning. First of all, the student has a chance to work on all aspects of knowing a word, the spelling, the meaning, the phonological representation and the grammatical knowledge. The acquisition of the written form is promoted through encounters with the written form in the letters and the ability to produce them when replying. The blended approach also encompasses all the necessary for establishing vocabulary knowledge, namely noticing, repetition/retrieval and generative use.
  15. 15. Thank you for attention

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