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LMS for ISEEC 2014 Presentation

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LMS for ISEEC 2014 Presentation

  1. 1. The Development of Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism Theory and Connectivism Approach to Develop The 21st Century Skills Of Secondary Students I-SEEC 2014 http//iseec2014.udru.ac.th 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand Arunrat Bamrungchit Under the guidance of: Dr. Chatchai Muangpathom Assoc. Prof. Dr. Somchai Vollakitkasemsakul Asst. Prof. Dr.Praweenya Suwannattachot Ph.D. Thesis Learning Management Program, Graduate School, Udon Thani Rajaphat University
  2. 2. Presentation Outline 1. Introduction 1.1 Research Questions 1.2 Objective of the research 1.3 Research Methodology 2. The relevant theory 2.1 Constructivism: An overview of the learning theory 2.2 Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age 3. Finding 4. Conclusion 5. Recommendations 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  3. 3. 1.Introduction The Eleventh National Economic and Social Development Plan B.E. 2555 – 2559 The Eleventh National Economic and Social Development Plan B.E. 2555 – 2559 The policies of the Ministry of EducationThe policies of the Ministry of Education Thai students showed less than stellar results on TIMMS, PISA and O-NET Thai students showed less than stellar results on TIMMS, PISA and O-NET The World Class Standard School policy 21st Century Skills 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  4. 4. 1.1 Research Questions 1. What are the key elements and the procedure of Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism theory and Connectivism approach to develop the 21st century skills of students? 2. Does using Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism theory and Connectivism approach enhance the 21st century skills of students? 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  5. 5. 1.2 Objective of the research 1. to develop Learning Management Strategy by integrating Constructivism theory and Connectivism approach. 2. to study the efficiency of learning management strategy by integrating Constructivism theory and Connectivism approach on 21st Century Skills. 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  6. 6. 1.3 Research Methodology The methodology of the research is a mixed methods, can be divided into 3 phases:The methodology of the research is a mixed methods, can be divided into 3 phases: Phase One Preliminary data collection and analysis Objective •To brief the problem in teaching •To summarize the learning theory for LMS Activities •Development of unstructured interviews •Preliminary data collection •Preliminary analysis of qualitative data Sampling • 5 experts and 10 teachers Data collection • Unstructured interviews • Focused literature review Outputs •Phase One report, including focused literature review, findings Phase Two Development LMS Starting point • Phase One Report Objective •Development of Learning Management Strategy Activities • Focus Group • In-depth data collection • Strategy Evaluation Data collection •Document •Secondary analysis of qualitative data •Strategy-evaluation tools Outputs •Learning Management Strategy Phase Three Implementation of LMS Starting point •Phase Two data (LMS) Objective •To study the effect of learning management strategy in 21st century skills Activities • teaching and learning management approach Sampling • Secondary school students (divided into 2 groups) Data collection •Analytical thinking Skill test •Information Literacy Test •Social Responsibility Test Outputs •The development of 21st century skillsFigure 1: Research Methodology 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  7. 7. Programming drill and practice Computer based training (CBT) with multimedia Internet-based training (IBT) e-Learning Social software+ free and open content 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Behaviorism Cognitivism Constructivism Connectivism The evolution of learning theories were Behaviorism, Cognitivism to Constructivism and then Connectivism (Schwier, 2008) 2. The relevant theory Figure 2: The relevant theory 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  8. 8. 2. The relevant theory • Constructivism: An overview of the learning theory (Bruner, 1966 ; Vygotsky, 1978) – Behaviorism viewed knowledge as an object, which is occupied by a process induced by stimuli to achieve implementation. – Cognitivism viewed that human learning as the computer process. – Constructivism viewed that human knowledge is created through his own experiences. 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  9. 9. • Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age ( Siemens, 2009 ; Downes, 2007) – knowledge. Connectivism and networked learning, open new worlds and create new knowledge. – Connectivism emphasizes the primacy of the connection, connections are formed at various levels: neural, cognitive/conceptual, and social. – The sheer quantity of information available to most people today is overwhelming. – How can we cope? How can existing theories of learning assist us in embracing information as a continual process, rather than an event. – Looking to our history reveals the prominence of technology in opening new doors, technology is an enabler of new opportunities, the internet is truly a unique invention that ties together the globe. – Connectivism brings together concepts from different domains in a novel way. – Connectivism is unique in bringing together ideas of neuroscience, cognitive science, network theory, complex systems, and related disciplines. 2. The relevant theory 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  10. 10. Principles of Constructivism 1. Sensory input and making meaning 2. Learning is layered 3. Learning occurs in the mind 4. Learning involves language 5. Learning is a social activity 6. Learning is contextual 7. Knowledge is necessary for learning 8. Learning takes time; not spontaneous 9. Motivation is a necessary component Principles of Constructivism 1. Sensory input and making meaning 2. Learning is layered 3. Learning occurs in the mind 4. Learning involves language 5. Learning is a social activity 6. Learning is contextual 7. Knowledge is necessary for learning 8. Learning takes time; not spontaneous 9. Motivation is a necessary component Principles of Connectivism 1. Diversity of Learning and knowledge 2. Learning is a process of connecting 3. Learning may reside in non-human appliances. 4. Capacity to know more critical 5. Nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitate continual learning. 6. Ability to see connections between ideas, and concepts is a core skill. 7. Currency is the intent of all connectivist learning activities. 8. Decision-making is itself a learning process. Principles of Connectivism 1. Diversity of Learning and knowledge 2. Learning is a process of connecting 3. Learning may reside in non-human appliances. 4. Capacity to know more critical 5. Nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitate continual learning. 6. Ability to see connections between ideas, and concepts is a core skill. 7. Currency is the intent of all connectivist learning activities. 8. Decision-making is itself a learning process. The Collogation in Constructivism and Connectivism 1. The ability to link the new experience and prior knowledge. 2. Have the knowledge to select and change information to assist in decision making in learning. 3. Activities linked to learning. 4. Learning depends on the context of the study and a social activity. 5. Learning takes time, focuses on understanding and student's performance, students create their own knowledge and responsibility to themselves and social. 6. Use technology ethically and not piracy lead to activities that are beneficial to society. 21st Century Skills ( Analytical Thinking, Information Literacy and Social Responsibility) The Collogation in Constructivism and Connectivism 1. The ability to link the new experience and prior knowledge. 2. Have the knowledge to select and change information to assist in decision making in learning. 3. Activities linked to learning. 4. Learning depends on the context of the study and a social activity. 5. Learning takes time, focuses on understanding and student's performance, students create their own knowledge and responsibility to themselves and social. 6. Use technology ethically and not piracy lead to activities that are beneficial to society. 21st Century Skills ( Analytical Thinking, Information Literacy and Social Responsibility) Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism Theory And Connectivism ApproachLearning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism Theory And Connectivism Approach The conceptual framework to develop Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism Theory and Connectivism Approach
  11. 11. 3. Finding The findings from the research are incomplete, because now the research is in the process of Strategy Implementation (phase 2) and phase 3 will be end on February 2015. The preliminary findings are summarized as follow; • The Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism theory and Connectivism approach are schematically illustrated in figure 2. They consist of: (1) Strategy Planning; (2) Strategy Implementation (3) Strategy Evaluation. 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  12. 12. Constructivism Connectivism Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism theory and Connectivism approach Strategy Planning Strategy EvaluationStrategy Implementation Data gathering measurement -Evaluation of learning and teaching - Unit-specific self-evaluation -Students Outcomes - Feedback 1. Define and Decide 4. Assessment 3. Feedback 2. Focus on - Data gathering - Experts interviews - Teachers interviews - Focus Group - Define Strategy - Develop strategy and Learning Model - Checked by experts Learning Model : DFFA 21st Century Skills (Analytical Thinking, Information Literacy, Social
  13. 13. 4. Conclusion • Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism theory and Connectivism approach as a process that integrates design to allow teachers to generate useful educational interventions and effective theory for solving individual and collective problems of education. It describes the fundamental nature of all forms of strategy in order to help us better about strategy, and not just an academic exercise, but necessary to establish strategy as a high paradigm methodology, to better teach this learning management strategy to new design researchers, to acquire more resources, and ultimately to accumulate theory relevant to practice. • By formally defining Learning Management Strategy by Integrating Constructivism theory and Connectivism approach, we establish its credibility as a legitimate methodology of learning management strategy. 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  14. 14. 5. Recommendations • A practical next step for continuing this study would be to find out which of the step in the strategy are most commonly mentioned. Producing some type of strategy by enabling more weight to be placed on certain issues than others could aid in improving retention efforts by pointing out which areas should be given priority. • As for the future research opportunities, after the strategy is established and more data is available, changes in the variables can be tested to see if they improve another 21st century skills of students. 6th International Science, SocialSciences, Engineering and Energy Conference, 17-19 December, 2014, Prajaktra Design Hotel, UdonThani, Thailand
  15. 15. Thank you for attending

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