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Multidisciplinary Research_Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana


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Multidisciplinary research in basic science

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Multidisciplinary Research_Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana

  1. 1. Multidisciplinary Research Transcending disciplinary boundaries and adopting a holistic approach to solve problems Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana, Ph.D. National University of Singapore Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  2. 2.  Scientific research  Multidisciplinary research (MDR)  Need for multidisciplinary research  Importance of multidisciplinary research  Recent trends in multidisciplinary biological science research  Summary CONTENTS Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  3. 3. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH “Science is a term used for humankind’s incremental acquisition of understanding through observation”. - TIMOTHY MINCHIN Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  4. 4. SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES Deconstruction of Science into disciplines and sub disciplines is for pedagogical reasons. Creation is unified, undivided and its entities are is in constant flux. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  5. 5. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana Researcher needs to break out from disciplinary boundaries and see the nature as it is…
  6. 6. MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH Multidisciplinary research (MDR) is an approach where more than one traditional disciplines are integrated to carry out scientific research. Multidisciplinary research involves drawing insights from multiple academic disciplines to redefine problems outside normal boundaries and reach solutions based on a new understanding of complex situations. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  7. 7. NEED FOR MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH (MDR) Curiosity borne research Goal oriented research Nature is complex. No discipline can be sufficient or complete in itself. Therefore, each and every discipline is bound to take the help of other discipline in order to reach at a suitable conclusion. Society’s problems are diverse, unique and are in critical need of an appropriate solution. No resolution can be brought out by researching in isolation. Inputs from various related fields are crucial. Objectivity and accuracy are essential goals of scientific research which is rightly fulfilled by multidisciplinary research by comprehensive understanding and collective approach from various disciplines. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  8. 8. IMPORTANCE OF MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH (MDR) • MDR is a holistic approach that integrates multiple different scientific disciplines to solve a research problem efficiently. • Facilitates exploration of fresh ideas and cross fertilization of techniques from varied disciplines. This allows each other to apply and use tools and methodologies of a different field. • MDR bridges theoretical and applied research, which can potentially address the problems in a neglected research area. • An opportunity for life long learning and keeping oneself up to date with contemporary scientific and technological facts. • Promotes networking with researchers in diverse field of science, resulting in highly innovative, collaborative research projects. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  9. 9. RECENT TRENDS IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  10. 10. EMERGING FIELDS IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  11. 11. EMERGING FIELDS IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Systems Biology Sub disciplines: Molecular biology, Biochemistry, Computational mathematics Modelling and discovering emergent properties, properties of cells, tissues and organisms functioning as a system whose theoretical description is only possible using techniques of systems biology The renowned Human Genome Project is an example of applied systems thinking in biology. Quantum Biology Sub disciplines: Quantum mechanics, Theoretical chemistry, Biology Quantum biology uses various technologies to model biological interactions in light of quantum mechanical effects. Examples include study of photosynthesis, theory of vision, magnetoreception, enzymatic activities. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  12. 12. EMERGING FIELDS IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Synthetic Biology Sub disciplines: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Electronics, Molecular biology, Designing and constructing biological modules, biological systems, and biological machines for useful purposes in research, engineering and medical applications. It deals with construction of novel artificial biological pathways, organisms or devices, or the redesign of existing natural biological systems. Nutrigenomics Sub disciplines: Genetics, Food chemistry, Molecular biology It focuses on identifying and understanding molecular-level interaction between nutrients and other dietary bioactives with the genome. Nutrigenomics studies the influence of genetic variation on nutrition by correlating gene expression with a nutrient's absorption, metabolism, elimination or biological effects. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  13. 13. EMERGING FIELDS IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Biomedical Engineering Sub disciplines: Human Physiology, Anatomy, Medicine, Engineering Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare (diagnostic / therapeutic) purposes. Contributed technologies like biocompatible prostheses, various diagnostic and therapeutic medical devices ranging from clinical equipment to micro-implants, common imaging equipment such as MRIs and EKGs. Biomimetics Sub disciplines: Structural biology, Material science, Engineering Biomimetics deals with imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems. Active topics include Biomineralization, Display technology, Biologically inspired designing and robotics. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  14. 14. EMERGING FIELDS IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Biomechatronics Sub disciplines: Neuroscience, Medicine, Electronics, Mechanics Biomechatronic devices encompass a wide range of applications from the development of prosthetic limbs to engineering solutions concerning respiration, vision, and the cardiovascular system. Cybernetics Sub disciplines: Neuroscience, Computational mathematics, Engineering, Psychology Cybernetics is the scientific study of how humans, animals and machines control and communicate with each other. It scientifically investigates concepts like learning, cognition, adaptation, social control, emergence, convergence, communication and connectivity. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  15. 15. HOT RESEARCH AREAS IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Human Brain Project 3D Bio-printing Precision medicine Cryo-electron microscopy Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  16. 16. TRAINING STUDENTS FOR MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH Nobel laureate and President of the Royal Society of Chemistry, Professor Sir Harry Kroto “…that the traditional chemistry/physics/biology departmentalised university infrastructures--which are now clearly out-of-date and a serious hindrance to progress--must be replaced by new ones which actively foster the synergy inherent in multidisciplinarity.” A US Report, “Bio2010: Transforming Undergraduate Education for Future Research Biologists" that was requested by the NIH and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute strongly recommended that undergraduate biology education should incorporate mathematics, physics, chemistry, computer science, and engineering until "interdisciplinary thinking and work become second nature.” Prof. Venkataraman Ramakrishnan Nobel laureate in Chemistry Steve Jobs Founder of ‘Apple’Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  17. 17. SUMMARY Disidentification of oneself from the traditional sub disciplines of science realizing that classifications into various specialized branches are meant only for pedagogical reasons. Focusing on the scientific problem holistically and approaching it from different directions possible to come up with an effective solution. Developing wider and better perspective by diversifying domains, skills, and techniques necessary to better equip for the modern day scientific research. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana
  18. 18. Arun Naibi Lakshminarayana