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Baloch insurgency

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A detail account of what is happening in Balochistan

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Baloch insurgency

  1. 1. “Foreign hands in Balochistan insurgencies can be countered through positive engagements of Government of Pakistan”
  2. 2.  Introduction to Balochistan  Importance of Balochistan  Insurgency  Balochistan Insurgency  Foreign Hands in Balochistan Insurgency  Positive Engagements of Government  Analysis
  3. 3.  Balochistan - the largest administrative province of Pakistan.  It’s strategic Location.  Multi-ethnic, multi-lingual and multi- cultural land.
  4. 4.  Demography of Balochistan – An Amalgam  The tribal life of Balochistan – A blend of tribes and sub tribes
  5. 5.  In close proximity to oil and gas resources in the Gulf.  Huge mineral resources.  Gwadar Port – “Door of Winds”.
  6. 6.  Strategic Location of Gwadar.  Makran coast – Warm Waters access  Key player in “War on Terrorism”.  In Pakistan’s military perspective.
  7. 7.  It is a condition of revolt.  Less organized than revolution  It involves doctrinal, tactical, and strategic tactics.  Non state actors fight against stronger state actor force for a cause.
  8. 8.  Insurgent movements entail three major purposes:  struggling for autonomy  Sabotaging the government;  separatist tendency with internal and external support.
  9. 9.  The important tactics are:-  guerrilla warfare,  strikes,  target killings,  Destruction of civil infrastructure,  attack on military installations  taking away of weapons.
  10. 10.  Balochistan has faced 4 insurgencies since independence:-  First Baloch Nationalist Resistance of 1948.  Second Baloch Resistance of 1958  Third Insurgency of 1963-1969  Insurgency of 1973  Unrest since 2004
  11. 11.  There are possibly 3 main actors which are to be involved in Balochistan Unrest:-
  12. 12.  Reasons for US involvement  Interested in Reserved oil and mineral resources.  Containment of China  Concern about Iran’s influence in the province.  Put pressure on Pakistan
  13. 13.  Provide funding to insurgents.  Provide funding to NGOs.  Provide shelter to rebels.  Supporting Indian consulates in Afghanistan.
  14. 14.  India has not accepted division of subcontinent.  Gawadar – threat to Indian Naval projections  To counter self proclaimed involvement of Pakistan in Kashmir insurgency.
  15. 15.  Gawadar port - boost Pakistan’s economy.  Counter the influence of China in the region.  KAO’s Plan
  16. 16.  Training insurgents  Monetary help.  Refuge for rebels.  Military hardware for insurgents.  Consulates in Kandhar and Iran.
  17. 17.  Gawadar – Threat to Chabahar  Danger of wastage of investment.  Sectarianism  Pakistan & Saudia Arab.
  18. 18.  Allowing india to open its Consulates  Funding insurgents to hamper the development of Gwadar.
  19. 19.  Gawadr port.  China –Pakistan Economic Corridor  NFC Award  Aghaaz-e-Haqooq-e-Balochistan
  20. 20.  18th Amendment  Roads and Highways  Mineral Extraction Projects  Dialogues with Baloch Leaders
  21. 21.  Ban on insurgent groups  Educational Uplift.  Relaxations for induction in Armed Forces  Medical facilities  Military Operation
  22. 22.  Insurgency of such a magnitude cannot be took place without foreign hand.  Vested interests of internal factors  Positive engagements of the government - countering insurgency.
  23. 23.  Outcome of government’s effort – Snail’s speed  Paradigm of security need to be analyzed.
  24. 24. A stable and Prosperous Balochistan is not only in favor of Pakistan but also for Iran India USA.

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