“Foreign hands in Balochistan
insurgencies can be countered
through positive engagements of
Government of Pakistan”
Introduction to Balochistan
Importance of Balochistan
Foreign Hands in Balochistan Insurgency
Positive Engagements of Government
Balochistan - the largest
administrative province of Pakistan.
It’s strategic Location.
Multi-ethnic, multi-lingual and multi-
Demography of Balochistan – An
The tribal life of Balochistan – A blend of
tribes and sub tribes
In close proximity to oil and gas
resources in the Gulf.
Huge mineral resources.
Gwadar Port – “Door of Winds”.
Strategic Location of Gwadar.
Makran coast – Warm Waters access
Key player in “War on Terrorism”.
In Pakistan’s military perspective.
It is a condition of revolt.
Less organized than revolution
It involves doctrinal, tactical, and
Non state actors fight against stronger
state actor force for a cause.
Insurgent movements entail three major
struggling for autonomy
Sabotaging the government;
separatist tendency with internal and
The important tactics are:-
Destruction of civil infrastructure,
attack on military installations
taking away of weapons.
Balochistan has faced 4 insurgencies
First Baloch Nationalist Resistance of
Second Baloch Resistance of 1958
Third Insurgency of 1963-1969
Insurgency of 1973
Unrest since 2004
There are possibly 3 main actors which
are to be involved in Balochistan Unrest:-
Reasons for US involvement
Interested in Reserved oil and mineral
Containment of China
Concern about Iran’s influence in the
Put pressure on Pakistan
Provide funding to insurgents.
Provide funding to NGOs.
Provide shelter to rebels.
Supporting Indian consulates in
India has not accepted division of
Gawadar – threat to Indian Naval
To counter self proclaimed involvement
of Pakistan in Kashmir insurgency.
Gawadar port - boost Pakistan’s
Counter the influence of China in the
Refuge for rebels.
Military hardware for insurgents.
Consulates in Kandhar and Iran.
Gawadar – Threat to Chabahar
Danger of wastage of investment.
Pakistan & Saudia Arab.
Allowing india to open its
Funding insurgents to hamper the
development of Gwadar.
China –Pakistan Economic Corridor
Roads and Highways
Mineral Extraction Projects
Dialogues with Baloch Leaders
Ban on insurgent groups
Relaxations for induction in Armed Forces
Insurgency of such a magnitude
cannot be took place without foreign
Vested interests of internal factors
Positive engagements of the
government - countering insurgency.
Outcome of government’s effort –
Paradigm of security need to be
A stable and Prosperous Balochistan is not
only in favor of Pakistan but also for