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Village poultry activities in development videos by arrey mbongaya ivo

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Village poultry activities in development videos
Author: Arrey Mbongaya Ivo
Summary:
This paper highlights videos on village poultry farming systems. It argues for better use of village poultry in improving diets, incomes and access to proteins among the vulnerable and poor. It demonstrates that videos on village poultry are learning devices that can be weapons to replicate sustainable projects in targeted groups.

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Village poultry activities in development videos by arrey mbongaya ivo

  1. 1. Village poultry activities in development videos Author: Arrey Mbongaya Ivo Date: 20/05/2010 ©2010 African Centre for Community and Development. All rights reserved. P.O. Box 181, Limbe, Cameroon. Email: oldboyarret@yahoo.com ivo@africancentreforcommunity.com Websites: http://www.africancentreforcommunity.com http://youtube.com/user/AfricanCentreforCom http://uk.linkedin.com/pub/ivo-arrey/7/226/805 http://community.eldis.org/falcazo
  2. 2. Summary: This paper highlights videos on village poultry farming systems. It argues for better use of village poultry in improving diets, incomes and access to proteins among the vulnerable and poor. It demonstrates that videos on village poultry are learning devices that can be weapons to replicate sustainable projects in targeted groups. This paper seeks to highlight village poultry activities in development videos. It argues that this phenomenon pertains to almost all cultures and hence creates a platform for knowledge exchange between sustainable systems and diminishing systems. Village Poultry farming is practiced in many communities in Asia, (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W8y-36De30 ), America and Africa. It is a source of income and protein to many poor villagers in countries like China, India, Cameroon, Nigeria, South Africa etc. Despite its widespread use, it faces problems like: • High exposure to diseases aggravated by a lack of veterinary services. Most rural Communities do not have health Centres for their human populations and veterinary units in rural areas are considered a luxury or an untargeted device by many developing countries concentrating to satisfy population needs in crowded urban Centres. • More so, the distance that village poultry farmers will have to cover to pay for veterinary services and the distance that veterinary groups even goodwill based initiatives will have to go to curb disease prevalence in communities, deters new users into the trade and frustrates old users from continuing. • More so, poultry farmed extensively and semi-extensively in many systems is open to conflicts over trespass of poultry on land, property etc and to thefts of
  3. 3. birds by rogue keepers and households. This also acts as a deterrent to keeping fowls as farmers fear that specialized units poised to deprive them of selling their poultry on maturing are on the increase. With increase human populations and urbanization, land for farming village poultry has shrunk over time. • Also the treatment of strays is considered harsh by many communities. Strays are shot with stones or battered with sticks and end up dying or maimed. Maimed poultry cannot compete effectively for food and crossing partners hence reducing their values to farmers. However, village poultry can not be allowed to shrink because it offers many opportunities for both rural and urban centres. Some opportunities include: • Firstly farmers can make money out of selling fowls and eggs. This money is useful to their other needs like educating their children and providing health care for themselves and other family members. This is vital as the health sector in developing countries is reportedly expensive and unaffordable to many vulnerable sub-populations. • More so farmers use village poultry for food in their families. Increasing use will step protein consumption in countries that find farming poultry with concentrates as expensive and contrary to their cultural and dietary preferences. • More over, village poultry is a tested practice for centuries now hence experiences from various systems offer good grounds for maximum utilization of the device in guaranteeing food security, curbing poverty, improving rural incomes and employment as well as for diversifying village incomes especially in communities greatly hit by over-exploitation of forest animals.
  4. 4. • More so village poultry is considered very palatable by communities in Africa and beyond. It is used during invocations and ancestral rites. It is used during marriage ceremonies. It is an intrinsic aspect of many cultures and can be a weapon to step up protein consumptions in informal economies in urban centres that generally look out to village or rural communities for food increasingly. • The Newcastle disease known to affect poultry in many African countries can be contained with effective and available drugs hence reducing risks of keeping birds (http://community.eldis.org/.59c1d9eb ). This augurs well for village poultry keepers. Interesting development videos that depict use and possibilities of village poultry are many. Here we shall generally show links to videos that argue for the widespread use of village poultry and common ways of taking care of the birds. Some of the videos touch themes such as: • Feeding and Putting Chickens away in Chang Mai Jungle (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W8y-36De30). This video demonstrates without commentaries though, that village poultry can reach high populations. • For starters it is worth differentiating hens and roosters. This will impact on how to mix and cross birds in the future. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlTQYxIOrlE&feature=channel). • The joy of keeping chickens which is also founded on the premise that they are interesting and entertaining birds to watch while strategizing for livelihoods outcomes (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ztnxG6PGlU&feature=related).
  5. 5. • How Mama Lucy Kamptoni, a former poultry farmer in Arusha, Tanzania used her income to start a primary school in her village that now serves over 400 children. The school now tops its district on national exams. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mXLnnPMvGQU ). • How village poultry can be practiced as Permaculture poultry that facilitates the conservation of threatened species and pure breeds. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mel0mmvHP9k&feature=PlayList&p=BBFF 68557B4257CA&playnext_from=PL&playnext=1&index=13 ) • How chicken waste can be recycled for garden fertilizers and more. This could be useful in Africa as manure from chicken can be used to grow vegetables that are invaluable to local dietary preferences. Vegetables can better access to vitamins in communities (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1_oE40rczw&feature=related) • The next video link concentrates on harvesting rain water and using a chicken tractor (not a tractor, tiller, or plow) for gardening. The photos contained are experiments by a "new" permaculturist in between DeRidder and Sugartown Louisiana (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E3cjT2GFfWs&feature=related ). • Another video shows how chickens are fed on a basic material like tin (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t6dshqhTMRM&feature=related ). Many feeding materials have also been noted to be crafted from wood or even used pots and pans. This argues for the point that village poultry can easily be adapted with the needs of peoples. • Also using local incubation techniques help hatch eggs abandoned by dead hens or hens with no maternal instincts. The process of eggs hatching is interesting in it
  6. 6. self (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRnUsQjgPxc&feature=related, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiQIQD8hu2Y&NR=1 ). Therefore village poultry farming is a universally acclaimed livelihoods tool. Exploiting and replicating best practices among needy populations will better: • Research and knowledge sharing among interested stakeholders and new users especially in developing poor countries. More users will reduce dependency on wildlife and curb hunger, malnutrition and deaths in certain communities. It will improve resilience to diseases like HIH/AIDS, malaria etc A good example of how village poultry practices are being supported with improved access to veterinary services is the Village Poultry Project for Togo (http://www.villagepoultry.org/Projectdescription.htm ). This project has helped poultry farmers in over 104 villages (about 135,000 people or 5 - 10 % of the Togolese who are unable to obtain veterinary services due to their remote location) since January 2000. • More access to information on growing village poultry will better employment in the sector and impact on the number of people who will have access to chickens and chicken related products like eggs and chicken waste vital for garden manure and other uses. • More so, sharing of information and exchanges will help in monitoring markets and making an effective inventory of widely used birds and threatened species. This information is vital in sustaining the sector both in countries and internationally.
  7. 7. This paper has thus demonstrated that village poultry in development videos cover a wide range of topics including how to recycle chicken waste, hatch chickens, Permaculture poultry etc that are vital to keeping chickens both as an entertaining device or a livelihoods tool. It has demonstrated that, there are several tested practices on village poultry worldwide hence calling for a more vigorous way of sharing information and research between developed and developing economies and stakeholders. Village poultry can be based on cheap available materials hence can accommodate people with little start up budgets. Also village poultry in development videos show that there are effective entrepreneurial approaches to growing chickens that can be environmentally friendly and sustainable. The paper has demonstrated that village poultry farming is a livelihoods wire of millions worldwide. Bibliography Arrey M.I., (2009) Why Village Poultry is a necessary route for Cameroon http://community.eldis.org/.59c1d9eb Bell G., Fotzo T.M., Amara A. and Agbede G., (1995) A field trial of the heat resistant V4 vaccine against Newcastle disease by eye-drop inoculation in village poultry in Cameroon Preventive Veterinary Medicine Volume 25, Issue 1, November 1995, Pages 19-25
  8. 8. DessieT. and Ogle B., (2001) Village Poultry Production Systems in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia Vol. 33, Number 6/ December 2001 pp. 521-537 Tropical Animal Health and Production DOI 10.1023/A:1012740832558 Author: Arrey Mbongaya Ivo Director of African Centre for Community and Development http://youtube.com/user/AfricanCentreforCom http://www.africancentreforcommunity.com http://community.eldis.org/falcazo Pictures of Village Poultry ©2010 African Centre for Community and Development. All rights reserved.

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