Total Area: 13,055 km2 (5,040.6 sq mi)Population (2007)• Total 4,545,906• Density 348.2/km2 (901.9/sq mi)
Political Divisions Region I is composed of 4 provinces, 9 cities, 116 municipalities, and 3265 barangays Population Area Pop. density Province Capital (2007) (km²) (per km²) Ilocos Norte Laoag City 547,284 3,399.3 151.3 Ilocos Sur Vigan City 632,255 2,579.6 230.3 San Fernando La Union 720,972 1,493.1 440.7 City Pangasinan Lingayen 2,645,395 5,368.2 453.4"List of Regions". National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 2008-10-27. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
LanguagesIlocano, Pangasinan, Bolinao, Tagalog, English
Religion• The population is predominantly Roman Catholic with strong adherents of Protestantismsuch as the Aglipayan denomination further north of the country. There are also adherents to other Christian denominations, such as Iglesia ni Cristo, Mormons, and the like. There is also an undercurrent of traditional animistic beliefs especially in rural areas. The small mercantile Chinese and Indian communities are primarily Buddhists, Taoists, and Hindus.
Ilocos Norte• Founded 1818• Capital Laoag City• Government Province• Governor Ma. Imelda Josefa R. Marcos• Vice Governor Eugenio Barba Dialects and Languages Ilocano, Tagalog, English
Ilocos Norte The province specializes in the following products and industries:• Agriculture - rice, corn, garlic, legumes, root crops, tobacco, and other fruits and vegetables• Fishery - tilapia and assorted fishes• Livestock - swine and cattle• Cottage industries - loom weaving, furniture, ceramics, iron works
Ilocos Norte• Manufacturing and food processing –• salt, empanada, bagoong, patis, basi (native Ilocano wine), vinegar, longganisa, chicharon, bagnet, chichacorn (cornick), jewelry, garments, cereal processing, packaging, mechanized processing equipment• Wind Power Ilocos Nortes position on the northwest corner of Luzon makes it ideal for wind power generation. There is currently a 25 Megawatt wind farm in Ilocos Norte, and several more wind energy projects are being planned.• Eco-Tourism
Ilocos SurFounded 1572Capital Vigan CityType Province of the PhilippinesGovernor Luis "Chavit" SingsonVice Governor Deogracias Savellano
Ilocos SurThe people are engaged in farming, producing food crops, mostly rice, corn, vegetable, root crops, and fruits. Non-food crops include tobacco, cotton, and tiger grass. Cottage industries include loom weaving, furniture making, jewelry making, ceramics, blacksmithing, and food processing.
La UnionFounded 1850Capital San Fernando CityGovernor Manuel "Manoling" OrtegaArea Total 1,504.0 km2 (580.7 sq mi)Area rank 70th out of 80
La Union• The economy is diversified with service, manufacturing, and agricultural industries spread throughout the province. The Port of San Fernando operates as an increasingly active shipping point, and the former American airbase Wallace Air Station, having been converted into a business and industrial area, helps to facilitate such commercial activity.• Tourism to the province is driven by airlines and passenger coach bus lines like regionally owned Farinas Transit Company and Partas.• Tourists often flock to the beaches of Bauang, or to the more secluded ones further north for snorkeling, surfing or other water sports; the more northerly beaches near San Juan specifically cater to both local surfers as well as portions of the world surfing circuit.
PangasinanFounded 1580Capital Lingayen Governor Amado EspinoVice Governor Jose Calimlim, Jr.Area Total 5,368.82 km2 (2,072.9 sq mi) Area rank 17th out of 80Population (2007) Total 2,645,395
Pangasinan• Pangasinan has export earnings of around $5.5 million.Energy• The 1200 megawatt Sual Coal-Fired Power Plant,and 345 megawatt San Roque Multi-Purpose Dam, located in the municipalities of San Manuel and San Nicolas are the primary sources of energy of the province.Marine• Pangasinan is a major fish supplier in Luzon, and a major producer of salt in the Philippines. It has extensive fishponds, mostly for raising bangus, or "milkfish", along the coasts of the Lingayen Gulf and the South China Sea. Pangasinans aquaculture includes oyster and sea urchin farms.
PangasinanAgriculture• The major crops in Pangasinan are rice, mangoes, corn, and sugar cane. Pangasinan has a land area of 536,819 hectares, and 44 percent of the total land area of Pangasinan is devoted to agricultural production.
PangasinanFinancial • Santiago Island Marine Park• Pangasinan has 593 banking and • Oyster processing facility financing institutions. • Bagoong technology and processingLabor center• Pangasinan has a labor force of about • Tannery and leather production center 1.52 million, and 87 percent of the • Oyster and aquaculture farming labor force are gainfully employed. • Seaweed farmingInvestment • Bamboo productionThe Department of Trade and Industry in • Handicraft and furniture making the Philippines has identified the following potential investment areas in • Manufacture of construction bricks Pangasinan: • Tourism development
Tourist Attractions Ilocos Norte MuseumMarcos Museum Juan Luna ShrineSinking Belltower, Laoag City Ricarte Park and ShrinePaoay Lake Badoc ChurchFort Ilocandia Hotel Sarrat ChurchPaoay Golf Course Dap-ayan, Laoag, Ilocos Norte Food Court andPaoay Church Ilocos Norte ProductsLaoag Cathedral La Paz Sandunes, Laoag, Ilocos Norte FineAglipay Shrine SandunesMalacanang Of The North Robinsons Place Ilocos NortePatapat Bridge Pamulinawen HotelIlocos Norte Capitol Plaza Maestro Complex, Batac CityCape Bojeador Lighthouse Everland Resort and Multi-Zipline, Batac CityBangui Windmills
Tourist Attractions (Sanctuary of Nuestra Senora de La• Hertiage City of Vigan Caridad)• Vigan Cathedral • Quirino Bridge in Bantay• Sinait Church (Sanctuary of Santo • Plaza Maestro Complex, Vigan City Cristo Milagroso) • Tirad Pass• Ilocos Sur Capitol • Sundial in Tagudin• Santa Maria Church (UNESCO • Santiago Cove World Heritage Site) • Paraiso ni Juan in Narvacan• Pinsal Falls (Largest Waterfall of Region I - Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur)• Bantay Church and Belltower
Tourist Attractions• La Union Capitol• Pindangan Ruins• La Union Botanical Garden• Wallace Air Station• Thunderbird Resort and Casino• La Union Surfing Capital (San Juan)• Bauang Beach• Poro Point (sea port)
Tourist Attractions • Red Arrow Marker of the WWII 32nd US Infantry Division• Hundred Islands • Rock Garden Resort• Pangasinan Capitol • Umbrella Rocks• The Shrine of Our Lady of Manaoag • Urduja House• San Carlos City Plaza • St. John Cathedral Garden• San Juan River in San Carlos City • Caves in Bolinao• Bonuan Blue Beach in Dagupan City • Boat ride in Pantal River• Antong Falls • Provincial Capitol• Cacupangan Cave • Narciso Ramos Sports and Civic Center• Mount Balungao • Hundred Islands Marine Sanctuary• Manleluag Spring National Park • Tondol Beach• Sanctuario de Senor Divino Tesoro • Tambobong White Beach• Salasa Church • Blue Beach• Lingayen Gulf War Museum • Pergola Plaza in Pozorrubio, Pangasinan• Bolinao Museum• Oceanographic Marine Laboratory
History• Region 1 was first inhabited by the aboriginal Negritos before they were pushed by successive waves of Malay immigrants that penetrated the narrow coast. Tingguians in the interior, Ilocanos in the north, and Pangasinense in the south settled the region.• From the data on the population distribution of Region 1, it is clear that not all the inhabitants are Ilocanos. Around one-third are non- Ilocanos and yet there is a popular misconception that all the inhabitants are Ilocanos. The use of the term Ilocos Region promotes the wrong notion that all the residents of Region 1 are Ilocanos. Before the administration of Ferdinand Marcos, Pangasinan was not a part of the region.
• The Spanish arrived in the 16th century and established Christian missions and governmental institutions to control the native population and convert them to the Roman Catholic Church. Present- day Vigan City in Ilocos Sur province became the bishopric seat of Nueva Segovia. Ilocanos in the northern parts were less easily swayed, however, and remained an area filled with deep resentments against Spain. These resentments bubbled to the surface at various points in the Ilocos provinces history as insurrections, most notably that of Andres Malong and Palaris of Pangasinan, Diego Silang and his wife Gabriela Silang in 1764, and the Basi Revolt in the 19th century. However, it was the Pangasinenses in the south who were the last to be stand against the Spaniards.
• In 1901, the region came under American colonial rule, and in 1941, under Japanese occupation.• During 1945, the combined American and the Philippine Commonwealth troops including with the Ilocano and Pangasinese guerillas liberated the Ilocos Region from Japanese forces during the Second World War.
• Several modern presidents of the Republic of the Philippines hailed from the Region: Elpidio Quirino, Ferdinand Marcos, and Fidel V. Ramos.• Before the formation of the Cordillera Administrative Region, Region 1 also included the provinces of Abra, Mountain Province, and Benguet. Before Region 1 was modified by Ferdinand Marcos, Pangasinan was not part of the region.