Environment Protection and ManagementPresented by: Arnel O. Riverawww.slideshare.net/ArnelLPU
What is the Ecological Solid WasteManagement Act of 2000 (RA 9003)?• This law aims for the reduction of solid waste through source reduction and waste minimization measures, treatment and disposal of solid waste in accordance with ecologically sustainable development principles. (Sec. 2-C)
What is the Ecological Solid WasteManagement Act of 2000 (RA 9003)?• It also aims to ensure the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of the best environmental practice in ecological waste management excluding incineration.
What is the Ecological Solid WasteManagement Act of 2000 (RA 9003)? • RA 9003 considers “waste as a resource that can be recovered”, emphasizing on recycling, reuse and composting as methods to minimize waste problems.
The three R’s of RA 9003•Reduce•Recover•Recycle
Types of Waste According toSource• Household or Domestic Waste• Commercial or Industrial Waste
Types of Waste According toClassification• Residual – waste with no commercial value meant for disposal• Recycle - waste that can be reused• Biodegradable – waste that can be decomposed by organisms• Hazardous – waste that may cause or contribute to mortality or illness• Toxic – waste that may cause immediate death or body damage.
Provisions of RA 9003• The said act gives strong emphasis on the role of municipal and local government units (LGUs) providing for the creation of Solid Waste Management Communities up to the barangay level. This requires the participation of nongovernment offices, people’s organizations, church leaders, schools, businesses and community organizations.
Offenses under RA 9003• Minor Offense• Grave Offense• Major Offense
Grave OffensePunishable by any/all of the following:• Fine: 1,000 – 3,000 pesos• Imprisonment: 15 days – 6 months
Major OffensePunishable by any/all of the following:• Fine: 5,000 – 200,000 pesos• Imprisonment: 1 – 6 years
Commonwealth Act No. 383 (Anti-Dumping Law)• Effective September 5, 1938• Prohibits the dumping into rivers of refuse waste matter or substance of any kind.• Punishment of imprisonment of not more than six months or by a fine of not more than P200 or both.
Presidential Decree 825• Effective November 7, 1975• Penalizes improper disposal of garbage and other forms of being dirty. Violators may be imprisoned for not less than five days or more than a year or pay a fine or not less that P100 or more than P2,000 or both.
Republic Act 6969 (Toxic Substances And Hazardous And Nuclear Waste Control Act)• Effective 1990• Mandates the control and management of the import, manufacture, processing, distributi on, use, transport, treatment and disposal of toxic substances and hazardous and nuclear wastes in the country.
Republic Act 7160 (Local Government Code)• Effective 1991• Mandates local government units to exercise powers, functions and responsibilities in providing basic services and facilities related to general hygiene, sanitation, beautification and solid waste collection, transport and disposal.
Presidential Degree 984 (Pollution Control Law)• The implementation is specified in DENR Administrative Order 24 (series of 1990) for water usage and water quality criteria and DENR Administrative Order 35 (series of 1990) on effluent regulations• Penalty will be P5,000/day but higher for juridical positions who violated this act.
Republic Act 9275 (The Clean Water Act of 2002)• This shall institute a policy of sustainable development and a holistic national water quality management program of fresh, brackish and marine resources• Penalty is not less than 10,000- 200,000/everyday violation with 10% increase per year.
Activity: Group work• Create an action plan on solid waste management for the university.Problem Causes Plan of Indicators Action of SuccessLeft-over food No suitable Provide the 95% ofare thrown in containers for canteen with students willthe garbage left- over food labelled be placingbin with other containers for their left-overtrash left-over foods at the foods. proper container.