ABCP LABS
- AN OVERVIEW-

August- 2013
Laboratory - aims and activities
Technical services for impartial solution to the cement industry as well as
to the civil ...
Laboratory - Certifications
 ISO 9001 by ABS – Quality Evaluation
 Acreditation by INMETRO NBR ISO / IEC 17025
•RBC (cal...
Laboratory- Awards


Quality Award Sinaprocim /Sinprocim 2010
Vitória Prize, for physical and mechanical tests
– Prize in...
Laboratory - Services










Technical assistance in production process
Technical assistance to the cement cons...
Laboratory - Expertise

Metrology

Industrialized mortars

Cement

Chemistry
August 2013

6
Laboratory - Expertise

Mineralogy

Concrete

Environment

Soil - Cement
August 2013

7
August 2013

8
Laboratory of Mineralogy

Raw materials
 Selection and sampling
 Mineralogycal Characterization
 Dosage studies
 Burna...
Laboratory of Mineralogy
Raw material characterization techniques

XRFA

XRDA

DTA/ TG

Fused beads preparation apparatus
...
Laboratory of Mineralogy
Burnability tests for raw meals

High temperature furnace

August 2013

11
Laboratory of Mineralogy
Cement characterization techniques

Conduction calorimetry
Cement pre hydration studies
Anomalo...
Laboratory of Mineralogy – Optical Microscopy



SCM quality evaluation



Clinker grindability



Manucfacturing proce...
Laboratory of Mineralogy – clinker microscopy

Detecting problems of
Raw meal grinding...

August 2013

14
Laboratory of Mineralogy – clinker microscopy

Reducing atmosphere inside the kiln
August 2013

15
Laboratory of Mineralogy – Microscopy of SCM

Calcium sulfate
Fly ash
Calcareous filler
Natural pozzolans

Determination o...
Laboratory of Mineralogy
Evaluation of sands for concrete aggregate

August 2013

17
Laboratory of Mineralogy – Scanning Electron Microscopy

Sputter coater ( gold)

SEM
August 2013

18
Laboratory of Mineralogy – Scanning Electron Microscopy

Ca
Ca
1500

S
1000

S

Al
Si

500

Ca
Fe

keV

0
0

5

10

Concre...
August 2013

20
Laboratory of Cement – Main facilities

Langavant calorimeter

Accelerated carbonation
chamber

ASTM flow table

Moisture ...
Laboratory of Cement – Main facilities

Automatic Blaine apparatus

Mortar mixer

Cement densityLe Chatelier Flask

mini s...
Laboratory of Cement – main tests



Performance of grinding aids



Bond grindability (clinker and raw feed)



Hardgr...
Laboratory of Cement- laser diffraction apparatus

August 2013

24
Importance of PSD (Particle Size Distribution)
Particles 3 - 30 µm
Particles < 2 µm
Particles > 50 µm

Mechanical performa...
August 2013

26
Laboratory of Concrete- main tests

 Aggregates properties
 Workability, water demand
 Setting time
 Strength control
...
Laboratory of Concrete- Main tests

Cloride difusibility cell

DURABILITY TESTS
Concrete Ability to Resist Chloride Ion
P...
Laboratory of Concrete

Examples of special reports for cement consumers companies
RESÍDUOS DE PERFURAÇÃO
DE POÇOS PETROLÍ...
Laboratory of Concrete- cement based products

Flexural test on concrete roof tiles

 concrete blocks and pavers
 mix de...
Laboratory of Concrete
Quality mark for concrete blocks
and pavers

August 2013

31
Laboratory of Concrete- Examples of Technical Support

Concrete Pavement :
Castello Branco Road
Imigrants Road
São Paul...
August 2013

33
Laboratory of industrialized mortars

Slipping test

Pull out test

Pull out tests
Open time tests
Quality Certification...
Laboratory of industrialized mortars
Examples of reports for litigation support and Programs of
Quality
ARGAMASSA DE
REVES...
August 2013

36
Laboratory of Environment

Materials tested
 wastes
 gas emissions
 dust emissions
 ordinary fuels
 alternative fuels...
Laboratory of Environment

AAS

ICP

Atomic Absortion spectrometry and ICP to detect heavy metal in industrial wastes

Cad...
Laboratory of Environment

Calorimeter

Net calorific values of fuels

CHN apparatus

August 2013

39
Laboratory of Environment

Emission monitoring








Heavy metals
Dioxins and Furans
NOx and SOx
Particulate matte...
August 2013

41
Laboratory of Chemistry

Chemical characterization



Reconstitution of the concrete mix



Chemical admixtures



Mixi...
Laboratory of Chemistry- facilities

.Sample Microwave Digester

.Apparaus for the Production of UltraPure Acids

.Water P...
Laboratory of Chemistry

Sugar contamination detection: The formation of a dark pink halo in a solution of α naftol
sugges...
August 2013

45
Laboratory of Metrology


Accredited areas by INMETRO(Governmental Body for
Quality and Metrology)

FORCE

DIMENTIONAL

V...
Laboratory of Metrology

glassware

moulds

compression test
machines

balances

test sieves

August 2013

47
Laboratory of Metrology
Standard Reference Materials





SRM for Blaine apparatus calibration
SRM for sieve calibrati...
Abcp labs   an overview 2013
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- a presentation about the main activities do ABCP LABORATORY in Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Abcp labs an overview 2013

  1. 1. ABCP LABS - AN OVERVIEW- August- 2013
  2. 2. Laboratory - aims and activities Technical services for impartial solution to the cement industry as well as to the civil construction industry     Raw material, cement and based-cement product tests Calibration services Conformity mark Environmental monitoring in cement plants August 2013 2
  3. 3. Laboratory - Certifications  ISO 9001 by ABS – Quality Evaluation  Acreditation by INMETRO NBR ISO / IEC 17025 •RBC (calibration lab network) •RBLE (test method lab network) August 2013 3
  4. 4. Laboratory- Awards  Quality Award Sinaprocim /Sinprocim 2010 Vitória Prize, for physical and mechanical tests – Prize indicated by means of an independ institute of public survey (IBOPE) Winner team ABCP President Renato Giusti August 2013 4
  5. 5. Laboratory - Services         Technical assistance in production process Technical assistance to the cement consumers Development of products Development of analytical tests Concrete durability studies Calibration of equipaments Trainings Standard reference materials Raw materials Cement and SCM Clinker Mortars and concrete August 2013 5
  6. 6. Laboratory - Expertise Metrology Industrialized mortars Cement Chemistry August 2013 6
  7. 7. Laboratory - Expertise Mineralogy Concrete Environment Soil - Cement August 2013 7
  8. 8. August 2013 8
  9. 9. Laboratory of Mineralogy Raw materials  Selection and sampling  Mineralogycal Characterization  Dosage studies  Burnability  Calibration curves for XRFA August 2013 9
  10. 10. Laboratory of Mineralogy Raw material characterization techniques XRFA XRDA DTA/ TG Fused beads preparation apparatus August 2013 10
  11. 11. Laboratory of Mineralogy Burnability tests for raw meals High temperature furnace August 2013 11
  12. 12. Laboratory of Mineralogy Cement characterization techniques Conduction calorimetry Cement pre hydration studies Anomalous setting time and strength evolution Cement – admixtures compatibility Determination of slag and fly ash contents Kiln system deposits Selective solution August 2013 12
  13. 13. Laboratory of Mineralogy – Optical Microscopy  SCM quality evaluation  Clinker grindability  Manucfacturing process evaluation  Rocks and sands for concrete aggregates August 2013 13
  14. 14. Laboratory of Mineralogy – clinker microscopy Detecting problems of Raw meal grinding... August 2013 14
  15. 15. Laboratory of Mineralogy – clinker microscopy Reducing atmosphere inside the kiln August 2013 15
  16. 16. Laboratory of Mineralogy – Microscopy of SCM Calcium sulfate Fly ash Calcareous filler Natural pozzolans Determination of glass contents of ground granulated blast furnace slag August 2013 16
  17. 17. Laboratory of Mineralogy Evaluation of sands for concrete aggregate August 2013 17
  18. 18. Laboratory of Mineralogy – Scanning Electron Microscopy Sputter coater ( gold) SEM August 2013 18
  19. 19. Laboratory of Mineralogy – Scanning Electron Microscopy Ca Ca 1500 S 1000 S Al Si 500 Ca Fe keV 0 0 5 10 Concrete microstruture Sulfate attack Alkali –aggregate reaction Fire damage Acid attack August 2013 19
  20. 20. August 2013 20
  21. 21. Laboratory of Cement – Main facilities Langavant calorimeter Accelerated carbonation chamber ASTM flow table Moisture chamber Mortar compressive test machine Setting Time apparatus August 2013 21
  22. 22. Laboratory of Cement – Main facilities Automatic Blaine apparatus Mortar mixer Cement densityLe Chatelier Flask mini specimen compressive test machine August 2013 22
  23. 23. Laboratory of Cement – main tests  Performance of grinding aids  Bond grindability (clinker and raw feed)  Hardgroove grindability (coal and pet coke)  Durability tests  Accelerated carbonation tests  Phisico –mechanical tests  Autoclave expansion test  Heat of hydration  Cement test methods according to ASTM  Cement test methods according to EN and ISO  PSD by laser diffraction analysis Accelerated carbonation tests Alkali reactivity accelerated mortar bar tests August 2013 23
  24. 24. Laboratory of Cement- laser diffraction apparatus August 2013 24
  25. 25. Importance of PSD (Particle Size Distribution) Particles 3 - 30 µm Particles < 2 µm Particles > 50 µm Mechanical performance and rheologycal behaviour depend on PSD 100 90 CP II-Z-32 Porcentagem Passante 80 70 CP IV-32 60 CP V-ARI 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 1 10 100 Diâm etro das Partículas (µm ) August 2013 25
  26. 26. August 2013 26
  27. 27. Laboratory of Concrete- main tests  Aggregates properties  Workability, water demand  Setting time  Strength control  Poison modulus of elasticity  Concrete mix design  Cement admixture compatibility Self compacting concrete August 2013 27
  28. 28. Laboratory of Concrete- Main tests Cloride difusibility cell DURABILITY TESTS Concrete Ability to Resist Chloride Ion Penetration Concrete water permeability under pressure Permeability apparatus August 2013 28
  29. 29. Laboratory of Concrete Examples of special reports for cement consumers companies RESÍDUOS DE PERFURAÇÃO DE POÇOS PETROLÍFEROS CONCRETO DOSADO CONCRETO CONCRETO EM CENTRAL ESTUDO DE DOSAGEM DE CONCRETOS CONVENCIONAIS E BOMBEÁVEIS ESTUDO DE VIABILIDADE DO USO DE RESÍDUOS NA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL ESPECIFICAÇÃO E APLICAÇÃO DO CONCRETO EM OBRAS DE CÂMARA TRANSFORMADORA SUBTERRÂNEA ESTUDO DE DOSAGENS DE CONCRETO JANEIRO 2003 JANEIRO 2003 Informações: 0800-555776 l dcc@abcp.org.brl www.abcp.org.br DEZEMBRO 2003 DEZEMBRO 2003 Informações: 0800-555776 l dcc@abcp.org.brl www.abcp.org.br DEZEMBRO 2003 DEZEMBRO 2003 Informações: 0800-555776 l dcc@abcp.org.br l www.abcp.org.br Informações: 0800-555776 l dcc@abcp.org.br l www.abcp.org.br Manual of concrete Mix design of special Evaluation of concrete wastes of oil well specification for underground drilling for building concrete structure of eletrical network August 2013 29
  30. 30. Laboratory of Concrete- cement based products Flexural test on concrete roof tiles  concrete blocks and pavers  mix design  quality control  technical support to manufacturers Dimensional test on concrete block August 2013 30
  31. 31. Laboratory of Concrete Quality mark for concrete blocks and pavers August 2013 31
  32. 32. Laboratory of Concrete- Examples of Technical Support Concrete Pavement : Castello Branco Road Imigrants Road São Paulo Road Ring BR101 (training for Army ) Drilling of concrete core Concrete placing monitoring Troubleshooting inspection August 2013 32
  33. 33. August 2013 33
  34. 34. Laboratory of industrialized mortars Slipping test Pull out test Pull out tests Open time tests Quality Certification Development of product Litigation support  August 2013 34
  35. 35. Laboratory of industrialized mortars Examples of reports for litigation support and Programs of Quality ARGAMASSA DE REVESTIMENTO ARGAMASSA DE REVESTIMENTO DESCOLAMENTO DE REVESTIMENTO DE ARGAMASSA ARGAMASSA DE REVESTIMENTO FISSURAÇÃO EM REVESTIMENTO DE ARGAMASSA PATOLOGIA EM ARGAMASSA DE REVESTIMENTO MAIO DE 2003 Informações: 0800 -555776l dcc@abcp.org.br www.abcp.org.br l SETEMBRO DE 2003 ABRIL DE 2003 Informações: 0800 -555776l dcc@abcp.org.br www.abcp.org.br l Cracking and fall of rendering mortars Informações: 0800 -555776l dcc@abcp.org.br www.abcp.org.br l Sectorial program of quality of dry set mortars . August 2013 35
  36. 36. August 2013 36
  37. 37. Laboratory of Environment Materials tested  wastes  gas emissions  dust emissions  ordinary fuels  alternative fuels Net calorific values Carbon, hydrogen e nitrogen  Fluorides e clorides (selective ions ) Sulphur (SC apparatus)  Heavy metals (atomic absortion) and ICP Water content of liquids (Karl-Fischer apparatus)  Emission analysis (SOx, NOx) August 2013 37
  38. 38. Laboratory of Environment AAS ICP Atomic Absortion spectrometry and ICP to detect heavy metal in industrial wastes Cadmium, Arsenic,Selenium,Tellurium, Mercury, Lead, Cobalt,etc August 2013 38
  39. 39. Laboratory of Environment Calorimeter Net calorific values of fuels CHN apparatus August 2013 39
  40. 40. Laboratory of Environment Emission monitoring       Heavy metals Dioxins and Furans NOx and SOx Particulate matter (dust) Cyanides, fluorides THC ( total hydrocarbons) August 2013 40
  41. 41. August 2013 41
  42. 42. Laboratory of Chemistry Chemical characterization  Reconstitution of the concrete mix  Chemical admixtures  Mixing water  Concrete durability  August 2013 42
  43. 43. Laboratory of Chemistry- facilities .Sample Microwave Digester .Apparaus for the Production of UltraPure Acids .Water Purification System August 2013 43
  44. 44. Laboratory of Chemistry Sugar contamination detection: The formation of a dark pink halo in a solution of α naftol suggests the presence of sugar . August 2013 44
  45. 45. August 2013 45
  46. 46. Laboratory of Metrology  Accredited areas by INMETRO(Governmental Body for Quality and Metrology) FORCE DIMENTIONAL VOLUME MASS August 2013 46
  47. 47. Laboratory of Metrology glassware moulds compression test machines balances test sieves August 2013 47
  48. 48. Laboratory of Metrology Standard Reference Materials     SRM for Blaine apparatus calibration SRM for sieve calibration SEM (standard cement) for alkali aggregate tests Concrete standard subsurface pieces for dry-set Portland cement mortar tests August 2013 48

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