Sap mm release Strategy

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SAP MM Release

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  • Thank you sir,I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. niceexplanation.We are providing sap sd online training . It is more effective and interest for new learners. I thought I would leave my first comment. I feel great after reading this information. sap sd online training
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  • Very helpful document for understanding release strategy. Thank you Arnab Pal. Do you have any document like this (with screen shots) for pricing procedure for PO? would be grateful if you could send that to me at - placidalien@gmail.com , thanks again.
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Sap mm release Strategy

  1. 1. Purpose of the Release Strategy The procurement department of a company consists of many buyers who are responsible for buying goods from the market. There is a hierarchy of people like the operator or the buyer who creates the order and purchasing managers to supervise and control the procurement process. Since purchase order is a legal document and it goes outside the company to the vendor, it is very much important to control the process to avoid any errors or unauthorized transaction. When the Purchase order is processed further for goods receipt and invoice verifications, there will be accounting entries generate and it creates Accounts Payable entries (AP). Because of this reason and legal implications of Purchase orders, it is very much required to control the procurement process by introducing approvals. For the same, SAP has provided a concept of release strategy. In release strategy, there are different released codes which are used for designated users. The release code is a two character ID allowing a person to release (clear, or approve) a purchase requisition or an external purchasing document. The release codes are basically controlled via a system of authorizations (authorization object M_EINK_FRG). The user with specific release code assigned can perform a respective release in a purchase order. For example, the user who creates the purchase order is assigned the lowest level release code. When the purchase order is saved or checked, system will trigger the Release Strategy for that document depending on the defined criteria. In the purchase order which is required to be released by a higher level user, there will be a Release Strategy tab on header of the PO document. In this tab, system shows all the levels of release codes who are involved in approving the purchase order. Following practical example will demonstrate the purpose of release strategy and its implementation in SAP. A company where there is following approval mechanism used in procurement department needs to have a release strategy in SAP.  If the value of Purchase order is less than 500.00 USD, it can be approved by a Purchase Manager and then can be processed further.  When the Purchase order value exceeds 10000.00 USD, in addition to the purchase manager, it requires an additional approval of Head of Department.  If the value of PO is more than 50000.00 USD, then it needs an approval of Vice President once it is approved by the Manager and then by HoD. To achieve this, there will be four release codes created in the system.  Code 10: For Initial Status when the PO is created  Code 20: For Purchase Manager  Code 30: For Head of Department  Code 40: Vice President Now with this requirement, following release code will be attached to each document depending on the value of the PO.  A Purchase order of value 345.00 USD will have only two release codes 10 & 20. First it needs to be released by user who is assigned release code 10 and then further release is required by the Purchase manager who has release code 20.  A Purchase order of value 12500.00 USD will have 10, 20 and 30 release codes. First release will be user with release code 10; second release will be by user with release code 20 and then final release by HoD who has release code 30.  Similarly a purchase order of 75500.00 USD, it requires 4 level of release. Preparation of required objects for Release Strategy in SAP
  2. 2. Before we start configuring release strategy in SAP, we need to define the combination of parameters to trigger the release. This triggering criterion can be a combination of Document type and Purchasing organization along with value depending on which the number of release codes are assigned when the document is created. In SAP we have a run time structure with name CEKKO (Communication Release Strategy Determination Purch. Document) which provides all the possible list of fields using which a release strategy can be configured. To view all this fields of the structure you can use transaction code SE12. In SE12 screen, in the database field provide the structure name CEKKO and click on Display button. Configuration of Release Strategy for Purchase Order Creating Characteristics of each attribute of Selection criterion Let us assume that we want to configure the release strategy based on the combination of three fields. These fields are Document Type (CEKKO- BSART), Purchasing Organization (CEKKO- EKORG) and Purchase order total value (CEKKO- GNETW). We need to create individual characteristic for each of this field and then group them into a release class. Please follow the steps given below to create characteristics. SPRO Menu Path: SPRO: Material Management -> Purchasing -> Purchase Order -> Release Procedure for Purchase Orders -> Edit Characteristic Transaction code: CT04 Provide the characteristic name and click on Create button to create the characteristic. Give appropriate and meaningful name for each characteristic so that they become easy to identify in further process.
  3. 3. In Basic Data of characteristic screen, provide appropriate description. If you want to configure the release strategy for single document type, you need to select Single Values in Value Assignment block and if it is required for multiple document type then select Multiple Values radio button. Now, the fields are to be referred from CEKKO structure, we need to provide the reference to this structure and corresponding field. Since this characteristic is created for document type, please specify the structure and field name given in the below screen.
  4. 4. As soon as you enter the structure name and field name, system will generate a warning message “Format data taken from Data Dictionary (press enter)”. This warning message indicates that the data type of the characteristic will be taken from the data dictionary of this structure in SAP. Now navigate to Values tab and provide the document types which are required in this release strategy. For this example, we are taking document type NB which is Standard PO. Please see below screen shot. Please note that in the characteristic values tab, these values are not available as a F4 selection. So they must be typed correctly and it should match exactly with the document types used.
  5. 5. We need to make sure that these characteristics are used only in class which is made up for Purchase order release. For this purpose we need to provide the restriction in characteristic. Provide class type 032 in the restriction tab to achieve this. If the system is used in multiple languages and if it is required to maintained the characteristic description in multiple languages, then the same can be done from the description tab. Please navigate to Description tab and for each language and save your characteristic. Finally Save the characteristic. Using the same method creates another characteristic BP_PURORG for Purchasing Organization. For third characteristic which is Purchase order Net value, we need follow the same steps except the below points:  When you mentioned the Structure name CEKKO and field GNETW for purchase order net value, system will ask for the currency since this field is related to numbers and net value of purchase order. Please mention USD as a currency for the characteristic.  If you have multiple criteria for different range of values, the same has to be provided in Values tab with a Multiple Value radio button tick in Basic data.
  6. 6.  Since there will be intervals in the purchase order values, you have to configure the characteristic to allow the values in intervals. For the same please tick the check box “Interval Vals allowed” in Value assignment block in Basic data tab.  For this characteristic, the values are to be defined in intervals as given in below screen. So this way we have created the following characteristics for our release strategy.
  7. 7.  BP_DOCTYPE for Document Type NB  BP_PURORG for Purchasing Organization BP01  BP_NETVAL for Net Value below 100.00 USD and above 100.00 USD Creating Class for Purchase order Release Once we have all the characteristics ready with us, we need to group them into a class. Please see the below procedure to create the class. SPRO Menu Path: SPRO: Material Management -> Purchasing -> Purchase Order -> Release Procedure for Purchase Orders -> Edit Class Transaction code: CL02. In main screen of CL02 transaction, provide appropriate Class Name and click on Create button. Make sure that the class type must be 032. In main screen of CL02 transaction, provide appropriate Class Name and click on Create button. Make sure that the class type must be 032. In the detailed screen, provide appropriate description. In Same classification block please select Do not Check radio button.
  8. 8. Now the next step is to assign the earlier characteristics to this class. Please note that those characteristics are restricted to be used only in class type 032 which type this class is to be created. Finally save the class. This concludes the first step for setting up the release strategy. Define Release Strategy for Purchase Order After the class is ready, the next is to configure the elements required in release strategy. Following elements are required.
  9. 9.  Release Groups  Release Codes  Release Indicator  Release Strategies  Workflow Configure Release Groups Use following SPRO path for configuring these elements of release strategy. SPRO: Materials Management -> Purchasing -> Purchase Order -> Release Procedure for Purchase Orders -> Define Release Procedure for Purchase Orders. When you click on this option, system will give sub options to proceed further. Please select Release Group. Keep the cursor on Release Group and click on Choose button.
  10. 10. Click on New Entry button to create new Release Group. In new record, give appropriate Release Group name as BP, in Class field give our Class name which we have created in above step. Click on Save button to save your entry. Configure Release Codes Use following SPRO path for configuring these elements of release strategy. SPRO: Materials Management -> Purchasing -> Purchase Order -> Release Procedure for Purchase Orders -> Define Release Procedure for Purchase Orders. When you click on this option, system will give sub options to proceed further. Please select Release Codes. Keep the cursor on Release Codes and click on Choose button. Click on New Entries to create the Release codes for our release strategy. Number of release codes depends on number of approval levels. Here only two release codes are created which are 10 and 20 for Buyer and Manager respectively. Please note that these release codes are to be created under the same release group which we have configured in previous tab. Click on Save to save your entries. Configure Release Indicator Use following SPRO path for configuring these elements of release strategy. SPRO: Materials Management -> Purchasing -> Purchase Order -> Release Procedure for Purchase Orders -> Define Release Procedure for Purchase Orders.
  11. 11. When you click on this option, system will give sub options to proceed further. Please select Release Indicator. Keep the cursor on Release Indicator and click on Choose button. This screen indicates release id for initial and released status. Release ID 0 indicates Blocked status and with release ID 1 it is Released status. The field Changeable contains the parameter which will define how the system reacts if a purchasing document is changed after the start of the release procedure. Means once the order is released, we can still change the values in purchase order which will trigger a new release status. If the field is allowed to change, we can define the % of change allowed. Configure Release Strategies Use following SPRO path for configuring these elements of release strategy. SPRO: Materials Management -> Purchasing -> Purchase Order -> Release Procedure for Purchase Orders -> Define Release Procedure for Purchase Orders. When you click on this option, system will give sub options to proceed further. Please select Release Strategies. Keep the cursor on Release Strategies and click on Choose button. Click on New Entries button and give your release group. After giving the release group, provide appropriate Release strategy and description. Now suppose you want to keep only one level of approval for all PO below 100.00 USD and 2 level of approvals for PO greater than or equal to 100. To achieve this we need to have two release strategies. First release strategy will have only 1 release code and only value less than 100.00 USD is to be selected from characteristic BP_NETVAL. For the Purchase order having value greater than or equal to 100.00 USD, we will create another release strategy which will have both the release codes as we need two level approvals in this case. The following steps are demonstration of second release strategy (with 2 approvals). The same steps needs to be followed for another strategy. In the given space give all your Release codes.
  12. 12. Now click on Release prerequisites button. In prerequisites screen, select prerequisites for each release code. In the given screen shot, we are saying there is not prerequisite for release code 10 and for release code 20 it is required that release id 10 has to be there. Once done, click on Continue button to save the settings.
  13. 13. The next step is Release statuses. Click on Release Statuses button. Here we are attaching the release ids for each operational step. From the below screen it is clear that when the document is created when both the release status are at initial condition.
  14. 14. When the first level of release is done means when it is released by a user having release code 10, the overall status is still Blocked. When the document is released by a higher level user having release code 20, the documents overall status will be Released. Once it is done click on Continue button. Next step is to select the classification values for the selected characteristics in release class. Click on Classification button to proceed. Here it is required to select all the values from all the characteristics. If you have multiple values in characteristic, you have to select the values which you want to involve in the release strategy. Select a characteristic row and click on Choose button bottom. Please note it is also possible to directly mention the values here provided Additional Values option is enabled in your characteristic. Configure Workflow
  15. 15. Use following SPRO path for configuring workflow for the above configured release strategy. SPRO: Materials Management -> Purchasing -> Purchase Order -> Release Procedure for Purchase Orders -> Define Release Procedure for Purchase Orders. When you click on this option, system will give sub options to proceed further. Please select Workflow. Keep the cursor on Workflow and click on Choose button. Click on New Entries button to create records for involved users. Specify the Release group, appropriate release code and User ID in Agent ID column. Please make sure the user ids are specified with Agent type US which indicates that mentioned agent name is a User id of SAP. You have to create each line for each users who are involved in this process and should be attached to an appropriate release code. This is the end of release strategy configuration. With this configuration, we are set to create a purchase order to test our release strategy. Please note that if the purchase order is not released, buyers will not be able to print the Purchase Order. Also in Goods Receipts will be shown with Message no. ME 390 - Purchasing document XXXXXXX not yet released Purchase Order with Release Strategy has tabs at the end of the Header. This allowed the buyers to check the release status of the Purchase Order. The person with the release authorization has to use ME28 to release the Purchase Order. -----End of Document ------

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