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Humanistic lt copy


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Humanistic lt copy

  1. 1. TECHNIQUES  round table,  pairs check,  inside-outside circle,  paraphrase passport,  think-pair-share,  interview,  talking chips.
  2. 2. It blends what students  Think  Feel  Know  Their ideas of self-actualization  Self-esteem development
  3. 3.  Better they feel about themselves, more likely they are to be high achievers (Arthur Combs: 1959) because they carry their selves- concept with them to their class, home and everywhere.  It shifts the focus from teaching to learning.
  4. 4. It emphasizes on…  Inter personal relationship with students, good learning environment (Moskowitz: 1978).
  5. 5. The teachers must be a facilitator and they must…  Discard their superiority and be genuine and true in their efforts  Genuinely trust, accept and prize the students as a worthy individual  Openly communicate with students and vice versa  Caring and sharing in the foreign language classroom (Moscowitz: 1978).
  6. 6.  By ensuring that the students are comfortable, confident and relaxed, the affective filter is lowered, thus enhancing learning.  Students & teachers exist in a parents- children relationship.  Students say what they want to say either in English or in L1
  7. 7. Educational Implications of Humanistic Approach to Learning  Student-centered learning  Discovery learning  Respect for students feelings and aspirations  Variety in teaching  Active involvement  Learner support  Tasks designed for encouraging students involvement
  8. 8. Educational Implications of Humanistic Approach to Learning cont. 1.Place of the student in teaching1.Place of the student in teaching learninglearning Students play a central role in wholeStudents play a central role in whole teaching-learning processteaching-learning process Student-centered educationStudent-centered education First teachers have to understand students’First teachers have to understand students’ needs, interests, abilities,needs, interests, abilities, age level, attitude and aptitude.age level, attitude and aptitude. Then they have to organize teachingThen they have to organize teaching materials according to these needs.materials according to these needs.
  9. 9. Educational Implications of Humanistic Approach to Learning cont. 2. Emphasis on Individuality Every student has his own individuality. Teachers should respect and develop this individuality. Teachers have to understand this individuality Then they have to organize teaching according to it.
  10. 10. Educational Implications of Humanistic Approach to Learning cont. 3.Undestanding the student First teachers have to understand the students and then teach them Teachers have to know students’ interests, personalities, capabilities and background knowledge. Then they have to use teaching method accordingly. So before teaching, teachers have to understand students thoroughly.
  11. 11. Educational Implications of Humanistic Approach to Learning cont. 4. Method of teaching Method of teaching should be based on psychological principle. Should not use teacher-centered / traditional methods of teaching Should emphasize on active learning Should use learner-centered innovative methods of teaching Learner motivation, mental set up and motivation should be considered
  12. 12. Educational Implications of Humanistic Approach to Learning cont. 5.Discipline Teachers should not force students to be disciplined. They should encourage students’ self- discipline self-control
  13. 13. Educational Implications of Humanistic Approach to Learning cont. 6. Place and role of the teacher Teachers act as a guide, facilitator, friend for the students Teachers can be considered as the milestone in the journey of the development of the students Teachers should not force his own methods and views on the students
  14. 14. Educational Implications of Humanistic Approach to Learning cont. 7.A democratic process Students should be taught in an democratic environment. It is such an environment in which students and teachers participate together and share their views and opinions.
  15. 15. Humanistic Approach in Teacher Education Underhill (1999): 3 categories of teachers- 1. Lecturers 2. Teachers 3. Facilitators – humanistic in reality
  16. 16. Stevick (1990): Humanistic Teacher- 5 qualities 1. Feelings 2. Social relations 3. Responsibility 4. Intellect 5. Self-actualization
  17. 17. Focus of Teacher Education:  Present situation emphasizes on cognitive learning  A mixture of cognitive abilities and affective factors in education  To establish realistic boundaries with students and to produce ‘educator’ of what they want to be
  18. 18.  Fostering self-actualization  Emphatic understanding  Respect  Genuineness - To enable the student to actualize his/her potentialities
  19. 19.  Ways of producing a humanistic teacher  Developing teacher as a person  Developing teacher as a teacher
  20. 20. The ultimate goal is to reduce anxiety in learning, involving learner’s personal concern and promote learning from the subjective point of view and simultaneously developing learner’s personality
  21. 21. Advantage  Shifted the focus of behavior to the individual / whole person rather than the unconscious mind, genes, observable behavior etc.  Humanistic psychology satisfies most people's idea of what being human means because it values personal ideals and self-fulfillment.
  22. 22. Advantage con.  Qualitative data gives genuine insight and more holistic information into behavior.
  23. 23. Limitations  Ignores biology .  Unscientific – subjective concepts. E.g. cannot objectively measure self- actualization.  Humanism ignores the unconscious mind.
  24. 24. Limitation con.  Behaviorism – human and animal behavior can be compared.  Qualitative data is difficult to compare.  Their belief in free will is in opposition to the deterministic laws of science
  25. 25. Thank you