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Aromatherapy guide

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Aromatherapy guide

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Aromatherapy guide

  1. 1. Effective Therapy and Good HealthBegins at the Source… Thank you for choosing Simplers Botanicals. Simplers sources organic essential oils direct from artisan distillers all over the world to ensure they are genuine, species specific, expertly distilled and 100% pure. We offer certified organic essential oils whenever an organic option is available. We enjoy supporting organic farms in France, Germany, Egypt, Nepal, Madagascar, Morocco, Indonesia, Guatemala, El Salvador, Argentina, Croatia, Australia, Canada and the United States, to name a few. As an herbalist operated company, our passion is to provide the highest therapeutic grade essential oils and extracts available. We offer this complimentary guide to help you identify the value of therapeutic grade essential oils and how best to incorporate them into your daily life.Table of Contents Therapeutic Grade Aromatherapy.................................................... 2 How are Essential Oils Made?......................................................... 3 Guideline to Dosages & Dilutions.................................................... 4 Practical Applications.................................................................... 5 Therapeutic Hydrosols................................................................... 6 Guide to Essential Oils.................................................................. 8 Symptom Reference Guide............................................................ 18 Natural Perfume Blending Basics.................................................... 21 Glossary of Terms....................................................................... 22 Suggested Reading List.................................................................23
  2. 2. Therapeutic Grade Aromatherapy Aromatherapy is the art and science of using essential oils to enhance health and well-being. To be truly effective, essential oils must be absolutely pure, genuine, and authentic. These terms mean the following: 1) the oil does not contain synthetic fragrances to enhance the scent, or adulterants to extend the volume. 2) the oil does not contain less expensive or similar oils as substitutes (such as using rose geranium instead of real rose oil). 3) the oil has not been reconstructed or altered in a laboratory – a process not uncommon in the industry. For example, a reconstructed “rosemary” essential oil might actually be made of constituents sourced from less expensive eucalyptus and orange oils. Synthetic, adulterated and reconstructed oils, although less expensive, will not give you the effects you desire and may even have adverse effects. To ensure oil quality and purity, choose only oils that are certified organic or ethically wildcrafted, properly distilled or extracted, originating from a reliable source, and priced according to the Aromatherapy market. It is also essential that the oils are species specific, listing the botanical name after the common name, and indicate the variety and chemotype when applicable. Pure essential oils are highly concentrated, representing precious plant resources, and should not be used indiscriminately or, in many cases, undiluted on the skin. We recom- mend making a 2-5% dilution, which is appropriate for skin care or specific effects. Simplers Botanicals cannot recommend internal use of essential oils. While our essential oils are of the highest therapeutic grade, we ask that you never use essential oils internally unless a qualified healthcare practitioner has advised you to do so and has recommended a specific plant genus, species, and specific dosage amount. Please note that some essential oils are toxic if taken internally. You may notice that pure, genuine, and authentic essential oils, like Simplers, will vary slightly in their scent, viscosity, and color from batch to batch. This is a sign of true quality and should be considered naturally comparable to the way your favorite fruit changes from season to season.How Do Essential Oils Affect The Body? The molecules in essential oils are very small and volatile, meaning they can quickly change into a vapor. This makes them easily and readily absorbed through the mucous membranes of our respiratory system when we inhale (smell) them. When inhaled, or when diluted properly and applied to the skin, they travel quickly through our capillaries and into the circulatory system which carries them around the body. Inhalation also causes the nervous system to transmit signals to the limbic system of the brain—the same area of the brain that houses emotion and memory. The brain responds by initiating various physiological functions, such as a release of hormones, relief from pain, or a positive boost in mood. 3
  3. 3. How Are Essential Oils Made? Essential Oil distilleries have classically used steam distillation to produce essential oils. During distillation, steam is directed through the properly collected and prepared plant material. The hot steam captures the volatile essential oil and is then carried into a cool- ing unit where it condenses. This condensed steam, called distillate, contains both the essential oil of the plant, and a water portion called hydrosol. The two naturally separate. Like fine wines, the end result is dependent upon several factors which include growing methods (preferably organically grown, bio-dynamically grown, or ethically wildcrafted), geography, climate, soil conditions, and most importantly, the technique and expertise of the distiller. The amount of essential oil that each distillation yields is dependent upon the plant. Price is usually a reliable indicator of how much oil each crop yields. For example, it takes approximately 40 rose buds to produce a single drop of rose otto essential oil. 1 ml (approximately 30 drops), is sold for about $35 on the retail market. Lavender, on the other hand, yields approximately 4 liters of oil per ton of plant. A 5 ml (1/6 of an ounce) bottle of true lavender is found for about $10-$15. A relatively new method of extraction that is being employed is called carbon dioxide extraction, or CO2. This process utilizes the “supercritical” state of CO2, when it acts both as a gas and a liquid. The required equipment used for this method is quite expensive but yields a higher volume of extract, making more expensive oils such as frankincense, myrrh and vanilla more widely available. Solvent extraction is another method used to extract essential oils from plants. These oils are called absolutes and should be used for perfumery and blending only. Even though the solvents used are removed after extraction, absolutes are not considered by practitioners to be therapeutic grade. Common absolutes are jasmine, mimosa, and rose absolute. Citrus essential oils are cold-pressed from the fresh peel, making it imperative to choose only organic citrus oils for therapeutic purposes. Citrus oils should be used within 12-18 months and can be kept refrigerated if desired.4
  4. 4. Simplers Suggested GuidelineTo Dosages & Dilutions Of Essential Oils Application # Of Drops Amount of Carrier Massage Oil/Lotion 50-60 4 ounces oil Ointment 50-60 2 ounces oil Topical 50-60 1 ounce oil Compress 5 8 ounces water Bath 10-15 Tub of water Foot Bath 8-10 Bowl of water Facial Sauna 2-5 Bowl of water Facial Mask 2-3 1 tsp. Clay w/honey or 4 drops veg. oil for dry skin Facial Oil 6-8 1/3 ounce oil Cleanser 25 4 ounces oil Hair Oil 25 1 ounce oil Douche 5 1 liter water Capsules 1-3 (25-75mg) 3 drops in Veg. Oil Suppositories 4 1 gram cocoa butter Body Mist 10-20 4 ounces water Room Spray 20-30 4 ounces water 1ml = 25-30 drops 15ml = 1/2 ounce 60ml = 2 ounce 5ml = 1/6 ounce 30ml = 1 ounce 25mg = 1 drop This booklet contains information on the use and specific properties of Simplers Botanicals essential oils. We cannot assure you will get similar results with essential oils other than those provided by Simplers Botanicals due to great variation in quality, authenticity and purity of essential oils being sold on the market by other companies. This information is for education purposes only and is not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. Please consult a health care professional if you have any serious medical conditions. 5
  5. 5. Practical Applications Of Essential Oils With essential oils, one drop goes a long way. These volatile oils easily penetrate the skin and some may cause skin irritation or sensitivity if not properly diluted or if used in high concentrations. Some people have sensitivity reactions to essential oils. Test yourself for sensitivity by applying your dilution to a small skin area before using on larger areas. The descriptions of essential oils on the following pages reflect just a few of many possible applications. To learn more, take classes or collect a small library of aromatherapy books. You’ll find a suggested reading list of books by various authors on page 23. APPLICATIONS BELOW ARE LISTED AFTER EACH OIL THROUGHOUT THE BOOK. Example: Anise Seed has BCM indicating use in Bath, Compress & Massage B = Bath C = Compress D = Diffuser or Nebulizer I = Inhalation M = Massage P = Perfume S = Skin Care (B) Bath. Add a total of 10 to 15 drops of essential oil to an already full bath. Agitate the water to thoroughly disperse the oils before getting in. Foot & hand baths: Put 8 to 10 drops of essential oil into a bowl of warm water. Soak for 10 to 15 minutes. (C) Compress. Add 8 to 10 drops of essential oil to 2 cups hot or cold water and agitate to disperse oils. Briefly soak cotton cloth, wring and place on skin. Repeat every 15 minutes for up to one hour. (D) Diffuser or Nebulizer. The most effective tool for inhalations, diffusers create a continuous fine mist of essential oils. Turn on diffuser for 5 to 15 minute intervals. Excellent air disinfectant. (I) Inhalation. Place 1 to 3 drops of essential oil on a cloth to inhale. Or put 3 to 8 drops of essential oil into a bowl of hot water, cover head and bowl with a towel, and inhale deeply for 2 to 5 minutes. Do not use during asthma attacks. (M) Massage. For a standard 2% dilution, add a total of 12 to 15 drops of essential oil to every 1 ounce of vegetable oil (almond, sunflower, etc.). (P) Perfume. Absolutes, resins and more viscous oils are ideal for creating personal fra- grances, artistically and imaginatively. (See blending basics on page 21). (S) Skin Care. Follow dilution guidelines on page 4.6
  6. 6. Therapeutic Aromatic Hydrosols True floral waters, called hydrosols, are created during the steam distillation of aromatic plants. They are rich in water-soluble elements of plant medicine that are not found in the essential oil. Most aromatic sprays on the market are not pure hydrosols, but rather es- sential oils added to water with an emulsifier. These are chemically different than hydrosols and are not as gentle. Hydrosols are moisturizing, anti-inflammatory, mildly antiseptic, and are a wonderfully fragrant addition to skin care. The gentleness and benevolent nature of hydrosols offer a myriad of treatment possibilities when essential oils might be too strong. Hydrosols are a safe and gentle way for people with sensitive skin, children, elders, chronically ill, and highly allergic individuals to enjoy the benefits of aromatherapy.Geranium Hydrosol Skin Types: dry, combination, sensitive, acne-prone, rosacea. Properties: cooling, anti-inflammatory, humectant, balancing to skin, emotions, and endocrine system. Indications: PMS, menopause, hot flashes, sunburn, broken capillaries, eczema, psoriasis, rashes, bites and stings, healing wounds, emotional upsets. Applications: facial toner, spray on face and body during hot flashes, add to shampoo or conditioner to nourish hair and scalp and balance oil production.Lavender Hydrosol Skin Types: all types, including damaged, fragile, and sensitive. Properties: cooling, regenerative, anti-inflammatory, wound healing. Indications: sunburn, eczema, psoriasis, sensitivities, rashes, itchy skin, cuts, scrapes, bites and stings, wounds, infected skin, headaches, stress and tension, sunstroke, PMS, diaper rash, tantrums. Applications: apply in a plane or other dry environments, add to a cold or hot compress for headache or PMS symptoms, use after shaving or hair removal, add 1/2 tsp to baby’s bathwater to calm and soothe, spray to clear anger and tension in the home, office, or car.Neroli Hydrosol Skin Types: oily, sensitive, acne-prone skin; may be too astringent for dry skin. Properties: anti-oxidant, astringent, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-stress and depression, calming, aids digestion, mildly sedative. Indications: acne, broken capillaries, anxiety, shock, ADD, during detox programs. Applications: use as a facial toner for oily skin and acne, apply to overly-oily scalp, spray on yeast infections and athletes foot, add to a cold or hot compress or spray on abdomen for digestive upsets, spray into face and chest during states of high anxiety (combine with Simplers Neroli Perfume for best results). 7
  7. 7. Rose Hydrosol Skin Types: dry, normal, sensitive, damaged, mature. Properties: cooling, regenerative, mildly astringent and antiseptic, humectant, balancing to emotions and endocrine system. Indications: mature skin, wrinkles, PMS, menopause, mood swings, emotional upsets, opening the heart, self-motivation. Applications: apply just before facial oil or moisturizer, add to bathwater to relax and revive, use when emotional support is needed. A great skin regenerative and rejuvenator. Add to a cold compress and apply over tired eyes. Add hydrosols to… Aloe vera gel for a soothing, lightly scented and healing lotion. Honey for a decadent and moisturizing facial. Clay for an aromatic facial mask or skin pack. Bathwater for babies (1/4 – 1/2 tsp per bath)8
  8. 8. Pure Plant Essential Oils ANGELICA ROOT Angelica archangelica   Spicy, earthy-herbal fragrance with warming and stimulating qualities. Revitalizing, digestive stimulant, carminative, antispasmodic. Possibly photosensitizing. Do not use in diabetes. BCDIM AMMI VISNAGA (Khella seed)   Commonly used for asthma relief. Seek a qualified health practitioner for use. CIM ANISE SEED Pimpinella anisum   Spicy and sweet, warming and stimulating. Used as a flavoring agent (traditionally in biscotti recipes) and to stimulate digestion. Use it as an antispasmodic for menstrual cramps. Antiseptic, carminative, expectorant, strong antispasmodic. BCM BALSAM PERU Myroxylon balsamum variety pereiae Rich, earthy, vanilla-like scent. Warming, comforting, and grounding; soothes nervous tension and stress. Antirheumatic, circulatory stimulant, respiratory antiseptic, expecto- rant, emollient for dry, chapped skin. Blends well with florals, petitgrain, rose, patchouli. BCIMSP BASIL, SWEET Ocimum basilicum  Fresh, sweet, ‘green’ scent. Uplifting, clarifying and energizing for stress due to mental overwork, anxiety, fatigue. Nervine, antispasmodic, antirheumatic, digestive stimulant. Blends well with lavender, bergamot, lime, geranium, oakmoss, hyssop, peppermint. BCDM BAY LAUREL Laurus nobilis   This strong spicy scent is a classic ingredient in men’s fragrance blends. Used as a scalp rub, it refreshes and stimulates hair follicles. Stimulant, antiseptic, antineuralgic, lymph tonic. Blends well with pine, cypress, juniper, lavender, citrus and spice oils. BCDIM BENZOIN Styrax benzoin Sweet, vanilla-like aroma with warming and comforting properties. Excellent emollient for dry or cracked skin. Soothing as an inhalation for anxiety, coughs, congestion and laryngitis. Fixative and preservative for perfume blends. Diluted for pourability in 50% ho leaf oil (Cinnamomum camphora), a very mild general tonic similar to rosewood. BIMSP BERGAMOT Citrus bergamia   ! Fruity-floral citrus with refreshing, uplifting, and regulating properties. Good general anti- septic, antifungal, relaxant; recommended for oily skin, acne, depression. If not specified bergapten-free, may cause photosensitivity. BCDMP BLUE CYPRESS Callitris intratropica  Not actually a cypress, this oil is used as an al- ternative to sandalwood. A thick, viscous oil that  Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy can be used as a base oil to “fix” other essential  Use in moderation and highly diluted; may be a potential skin irritant oils in a blend. Anti-inflammatory, antiviral. Used for dry skin or warts. BSM ! May be photosensitizing 9
  9. 9. CALENDULA CO2 Calendula officinalis Warm herbal aroma. This extract is known for its exceptional anti-inflammatory and skin-heal- ing properties. Approximately 45% more concentrated than the herbal infused oil. Astringent, vulnerary, antiseptic. Diluted for pourability in 75% organic jojoba oil. MS CARDAMOM Elettaria cardamomum Sweet, spicy scent with woody-citrus undertones. Warming and stimulating. An exotic ad- dition to perfumes for men or women and (in moderation) as a flavoring. Antispasmodic, expectorant, carminative. Helps to expel gas through the upper G.I. tract. Blends well with rose, orange, cedarwood, ylang, neroli. BCDMP CARROT SEED Daucus carota   ! Warm, earthy-woody aroma. Specific as a tonic for revitalizing and regenerating mature or damaged skin; may be helpful for hypertension and hyperpigmentation. Considered a general stimulant and liver tonic. CMS CEDAR, ATLAS Cedrus atlantica  True Atlas cedar has a ‘ripe’, woody-fruity fragrance with deeply soothing and grounding effects. Lymph and circulatory tonic, vulnerary; used in cellulite formulas due to its ability to help release excess water and aid cellular fat metabolism. Blends well with wood oils, bergamot, cypress, jasmine, juniper, neroli, ylang. BCM CEDARWOOD Juniperus virginiana Smooth, woody, stimulating evergreen fragrance. Circulatory decongestant, helpful for varicose veins, hemorrhoids. Blends well with wood oils, bergamot, cypress, jasmine, juniper, neroli, ylang, rosemary. BCM CHAMOMILE, GERMAN Matricaria recutita A thick, velvety blue floral oil with an intense, pungent, warm odor. Soothing for red, inflamed, sensitive skin. High in alpha bisabolol and chamazulene, it is most useful in the treatment of al- lergies, eczema, psoriasis and itchy, dry skin problems. Also used for inflamed joints, muscular pain and for boils or abscesses in a hot compress. BCMS CHAMOMILE, MOROCCAN BLUE Tanacetum annuum Having the most chamazulene of all the blue oils, Moroccan blue chamomile has an intensely sweet scent and deep blue color. Valued for its natural antihistamine effect when dealing with hayfever, asthma and hives. Anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, non-specific red rashes and mild antiseptic. Use for eczema and dry skin. BCIMSP CHAMOMILE, ROMAN Chamaemelum nobile Sweet, apple-like fragrance. Relaxant, antispasmodic, and antianxiety properties. Used in treatment of PMS. As an inhalation, may help relieve emotional anxiety and tension associated with asthma, hayfever and other allergies. Also used for hyperactivity and to calm restless children. BCDIMS CINNAMON BARK Cinnamomum verum   ! One of the most anti-infectious oils. Irritating to the skin and is best used either highly diluted or in diffuser blends. Deeper and sweeter scent than the leaf oil. CDMP10
  10. 10. CINNAMON LEAF Cinnamomum verum   ! Sharp, spicy scent with warming and stimulating properties. Exotic fragrance component, broadly antiseptic; muscle warmer. Blends well with ylang, orange, mandarin, balsams. CDMPCISTUS Cistus ladaniferus   Also known as labdanum or rockrose. Spicy, musky, somewhat woody scent with comforting, centering effects. Often used as a fixative in men’s fragrances. Added to a massage oil, cistus is known to increase lymph drainage. Firms mature skin; astringent for oily, acne skin; styptic. Blends well with citrus, pine, lavender. BMSPCITRONELLA Cymbopogon winterianus   Tart, lemony aroma classically used as an insect deterrent. Antiseptic, antispasmodic. Specific for oily skin, excessive perspiration, and as a room deodorizer. May be a skin irritant in strong dilutions. DMCLARY SAGE Salvia sclarea  Unusual nutty-musky, herbaceous oil with calming, uplifting, euphoric effects. Antidepressant, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent. Balancing for dry, oily or inflamed skin; specific for PMS, cramps, menopausal symptoms and stress. BCDIMSCLOVE BUD Syzygium aromaticum   Spicy and warming. Traditionally used in tiny doses as a local anesthetic for toothache. Broadly antiseptic and stimulating; counters fatigue. Use in less than 1% dilution. Also used as a remedy for warts. CMSCOCOA Theobroma cacao Chocolate lovers will adore this natural extract. Dark brown, rich, bitter, and liqueur-like. Smelling the oil is said to reduce the craving for sweets. Exotic accessory base note for per- fumers. Diluted for pourability in 70% organic grain alcohol. IMPCORIANDER SEED Coriandrum sativum  Sweet, herbal, uplifting fragrance. Soothing antiseptic with antiviral and carminative proper- ties. Blends well with clary sage, bergamot, neroli, jasmine, ginger, needle and spice oils. Used as a replacement for endangered rosewood. BCDIMSCYPRESS Cupressus sempervirens   Broad, refreshing scent of the evergreen family. Balancing, warming and energizing, it is an antiseptic, astringent, and circulatory stimulant. Used for hemorrhoids, varicose veins, cellulite, and sore throat. CMEUCALYPTUS E. citriodora   ! Pleasant lemon scented variety of eucalyptus used as a general anti- inflammatory, antispasmodic and for relief of pain due to arthritis, muscle cramps, sprains, sore tendons and carpal tunnel injuries. A must for massage therapists. BCDIMSEUCALYPTUS E. dives   Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy Mint scented variety of eucalyptus used for  Use in moderation and highly diluted; may be a potential skin irritant oily, congested skin and respiratory congestion. BCDIMS ! May be photosensitizing 11
  11. 11. EUCALYPTUS E. globulus  Penetrating, camphorous odor. Stimulating, balancing, and cooling, it is used in inhalations for deep bronchial infection or in massage oil for muscular aches, sluggish circulation, and arthritic complaints. Antiseptic, vulnerary. BCDIM EUCALYPTUS E. polybractea  Less camphorous odor than the globulus variety with similar properties; expectorant. BCDIM EUCALYPTUS E. radiata Having the gentlest aroma of all eucalyptus species it offers a surprisingly powerful antiviral capacity. Perfectly suited for daily use while body brushing, in the sauna or on the chest. Child- safe, it keeps microbes at bay, fortifies resistance and general immunity. BCDIMS EUCALYPTUS E. smithii Another child-safe and mild species. Stimulating, it helps boost immunity and eases muscle pain. BCDIMS EVERLASTING (see Helichrysum) FENNEL, SWEET Foeniculum vulgare  Warm, spicy, sweet scent somewhat similar to anise. Stimulating and cleansing, with antispas- modic and carminative properties. Estrogen-similar may help regulate menses and promote lactation in nursing mothers. CDM FIR, BALSAM Abies balsamea   Fresh, green needle aroma. Stimulating, respiratory antiseptic, antispasmodic and sinus decongestant. BCDIM FRANKINCENSE CO2 Boswellia carterii Rich, sweet, complex fragrance traditionally used for ceremonial incense and perfumery. A balm for mature and dry skin, calms anxiety and balances mood swings. Blends well with geranium, neroli, pine, spruce, vetiver, petitgrain, myrrh, bergamot, cinnamon. BDMSP GALBANUM CO2 Ferula gummosa Excellent for skin care. Beneficial for mature or wrinkled skin, acne, abscesses, cuts and ef- fective in healing scar tissue. The ancient Egyptians used galbanum as an ingredient in the embalming process and wound healing. Used to relieve poor circulation and muscular aches and pains. Also used for respiratory ailments. BCIMS GERANIUM, ROSE Pelargonium x asperum  Earthy, flowery, rose-like scent with uplifting and balancing properties. Excellent for all skin types, especially oily and acne-prone. Stress, anxiety and fatigue, PMS, water retention, poor circulation. Antiviral and antifungal. Blends well with rose, lavender, neroli, patchouli. BCDIMSP GINGER CO2 Zingiber officinale   Sharp, spicy scent. Warming and strengthening for fatigue, digestive upset, and muscular aches and pains. Aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, carminative. Blends well with frankincense, cedarwood, rose, neroli, patchouli. BCM12
  12. 12. GRAPEFRUIT Citrus x paradisii   ! Light, sweet, refreshing citrus with stimulating and uplifting properties. Specific as a tonic for oily or congested skin, acne, cellulite, depression, and fatigue. Blends well with palma- rosa, bergamot, cypress, geranium, lavender, other citruses. CDMHELICHRYSUM Helichrysum italicum  Also known as everlasting or immortelle. Distinctive warm, herbal aroma with pungent undertones. Used for sensitive, inflamed, irritated skin, wounds, bruises and sprains. Skin cell regenerative, strong anti-inflammatory, antifungal, best vulnerary and antirheumatic. Blends well with lavender, rosemary, eucalyptus citriodora, yarrow, chamomiles. BCMSHYSSOP Hyssopus officinalis variety decumbens  Warm, spicy odor reminiscent of lavender with sweet, camphorous overtones. Calming and refreshing. Herb traditionally used for respiratory infections but also helpful for anxiety and general fatigue. Blends well with citrus, lavender, clary sage, rosemary, geranium, myrtle, bay. CDIMIMMORTELLE (see Helichrysum)INULA Inula graveolens  Emerald green classic for deep cleansing of bronchial tissue. Antiseptic, ant-inflammatory and antispasmodic specific for the lungs. Use this somewhat rare oil in moderation. DIMJASMINE ABSOLUTE Jasminum officinale or J. grandiflorum Intense, heady floral with uplifting, sensory stimulating effects. Sweeter Sambac variety is an exotic favorite. Concentrated absolutes are best for perfumery. Aphrodisiac, antide- pressant, sedative. Blends well with most floral, wood and citrus oils. BMPJUNIPER BERRY Juniperus communis   Refreshing, woody-sweet fragrance. Cleansing tonic for oily skin and acne, uplifting and stimulating in stress and fatigue. Avoid if you have a history of kidney problems. Blends well with oakmoss, balsams, lavender, citrus, needle oils. BCMLABDANUM (see Cistus)LAVENDER Lavandula angustifolia A gentle oil with a soft, floral herbal scent. Known for its calming, relaxing and soothing effects, lavender is said to balance the central nervous system. Considered the most uni- versally useful oil, it is excellent for all skin types. A must for every first aid kit, it can be used for burns, sunburns, stings, muscular aches, cuts, blemishes, bruises, headaches, insect bites, colds, flu, stress & menstrual cramps. Antiseptic, antispasmodic, nervine and seda- tive. Promotes deep restful sleep. May be applied neat (undiluted) to the skin. Lavender is used in France as a base or carrier oil for other essential oils to be diluted into. BCDIMSPLAVENDER, SPIKE Lavandula latifolia  More camphorous fragrance and not as mild as true lavender with stronger anti-infectious  Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy properties. Specific for acne, oily skin and burns.  Use in moderation and highly diluted; may be a potential skin irritant Used in massage on the neck and shoulders for ! May be photosensitizing tension headaches. BCDIMS 13
  13. 13. LEMON Citrus x limon   ! Light, clean, familiar citrus scent. Refreshing, uplifting, mental stimulant; cleansing and astringent treatment for oily skin, strengthens capillaries and may help correct varicose veins. BCDIM LEMONGRASS Cymbopogon citratus   ! Pungent, lemony scent with an earthy undertone. Uplifting, astringent, antibacterial, an- tiviral. Stimulating hair treatment, good room deodorizer and insect deterrent. May cause skin irritations in high concentrations. BCDIMS LEMON VERBENA Lippia citriodora   ! Used to relieve anxiety, insomnia and nervous tension as well as cramps, indigestion and liver congestion. True, unadulterated lemon verbena is a rare find. CDIMP LIME, SWEET Citrus x aurantifolia   ! Bittersweet citrus, interesting fragrance addition, sedative. Relieves stress and anxiety and aids digestion. CDIMP Linden Blossom CO2 Tilia cordata Sweet, airy, honey-like fragrance that soothes anxiety and loneliness. Sedative that eases cold and flu symptoms. Used in facial blends to tone capillaries and improve the complexion. A beau- tiful floral top note for perfumery that blends well with citrus, floral and wood oils. BCDIMPS MANDARIN Citrus reticulata variety mandarin  ! A light, orange-like oil with a sweet, almost floral fragrance. Calming and soothing for children. Use as a sedative, relaxing massage and for digestive spasms. Also used to treat asthma. BCDIMP MARJORAM, SWEET Origanum majorana  Tranquilizing, cool-woody, herbal aroma addresses digestive, cardiovascular and nervous system stresses; respiratory disinfectant. Use in massage for headache and muscle pain, menstrual cramps, and as an anaphrodisiac. BCDIM MELISSA Melissa officinalis   Commonly known as Lemon Balm. Complex, tart lemon aroma with soothing, uplifting properties. Calming in times of emotional shock and grief; also sedative, antidepressant, strong antiviral, (commonly used for herpes) heart tonic. Blends well with floral and citrus oils, lavender, geranium, rose. BCDIMP MIMOSA ABSOLUTE Acacia decurrens variety dealbata Used in perfumery, mimosa has a sweet, heady strong floral scent that must be experi- enced. Use a tiny amount in warm water as an exotic facial wash. Diluted for pourability in 50% organic jojoba oil. MP MUGWORT Artemisia herba alba   Also known as armoise. Pungent, potent sage-like aroma. May be used for respiratory infec- tion and to break up mucous; antiviral, vulnerary, skin cell regenerative. Light-headedness may result from excessive inhalation. Use in moderation for external use only. Contains the toxic ketone thujone. BCMS14
  14. 14. MYRRH CO2 Commiphora myrrha  A thick, resinous oil with a rich, heavy aroma. Mature skin, dry scalp; an emollient for chapped skin and open wounds. Anti-inflammatory, astringent, gentle expectorant. Blends well with frankincense, juniper, mandarin, geranium, mints, spices, lavender. BCDIMSPMYRTLE, GREEN Myrtus communis  Fresh, camphorous scent somewhat like eucalyptus. Gentle, antiseptic, relaxing expectorant, hypotensive. Oily skin, acne, open pores. Blends well with lavender, clary, ginger. BCDIMSNEROLI Citrus aurantium True orange blossom is a rich yet delicate warm floral with deeply soothing effects. Tonifying for most skin types, but especially mature skin lacking vitality and suppleness. Specific for depression, anxiety, insomnia, PMS. Aphrodisiac, sedative; especially nice during pregnancy. Blends well with many oils, including chamomiles, jasmine, ylang, rose, geranium, woods and citrus. BCDIMSPNIAOULI (MQV) Melaleuca quinquinerva viridiflora Sister to tea tree and cajeput with a ‘stinky’ medicinal odor. Used similarly for broad antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal and antiparasitic actions. Helpful for calming skin or respira- tory allergies; Known to protect skin from burns due to radiation therapy. Combines with eucalyptus, rosemary, needle oils. BCDIMPNUTMEG CO2 Myristica fragrans   Warm, spicy and sensual. Stimulant, antirheumatic, muscular tonic. Nice in exotic perfumes and culinary sweets. BCDIMPOAKMOSS ABSOLUTE Evernia prunastri Deep, tenacious ‘green’ scent used in perfumery for its fixative properties. MPORANGE, SWEET Citrus sinensis   ! Sweet citrus with calming, sedative effects. Oily skin, water retention, eases digestion, stress and anxiety. BCDIMSOREGANO Origanum vulgare   Spicy-herbaceous odor reminiscent of the warm Mediterranean sun. Strongly antiseptic, anti-infectious, stimulating, strengthening. Skin irritant; best used highly diluted. DIPALMAROSA Cymbopogon martinii Sweet, soothing, rosy-floral fragrance. Balancing and regenerative for dry, mature, cracked or chapped skin. Antiviral, broadly antiseptic, antifungal. Blends well with geranium, cedar- wood, petitgrain, florals. BCDIMSPATCHOULI Pogostemon cablin A dark, viscous oil with a distinctive, earthy-sweet fragrance. Warming and calming; specific for mature skin, oily skin and hair, acne, cracked and chapped skin. Aphrodisiac, antidepressant,  Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy antifungal, anti-inflammatory. Blends well with  Use in moderation and highly diluted; jasmine, neroli, rose, wood oils. BCDIMSP may be a potential skin irritant ! May be photosensitizing 15
  15. 15. PEPPER, BLACK Piper nigrum   Fresh, warm, spicy scent with stimulant qualities. Makes an interesting addition (in small quantities) to perfume blends. Use in massage blend for constipation. Aphrodisiac, carmi- native. Blends well with frankincense, marjoram, lavender, other florals and spices. CDMP PEPPERMINT Mentha x piperita  Strong, minty aroma with cooling, refreshing, and stimulating effects. Used for poor memory, depression, confusion, stomach upsets, fever. Antiseptic, carminative, deconges- tant, analgesic. Blends well with eucalyptus, lemon, lavender, rosemary, mints. CDIMS PETITGRAIN Citrus aurantium (Orange leaf, twig and pollen-laden blossom). Fresh citrus-floral scent with penetrating spicy green undertones. Clarifying and uplifting in depression, mental fatigue, and anxiety. Nervine, antispasmodic. Blends well with many oils and is a favorite of perfumers. BCDIMP PINE, SEA Pinus pinaster  Sweet forest needles, surprisingly lovely in floral blends. Dispels depression, opens respira- tory passages, encourages deep, oxygenating breaths. BCDIMP PINE, WILD SCOTCH Pinus sylvestris  Penetrating, stimulating evergreen scent. Potent tonic for adrenal fatigue, muscle and joint pain, respiratory weakness. BCDIM RAVINTSARA Cinnamomum camphora  Camphorous, pungent odor similar to tea tree. The correct Latin name has prompted con- troversy over the years. Originating in Madagascar, this oil is used in France as an effective antiviral for flu, hepatitis, herpes, shingles and mononucleosis. Also used for insomnia and as an expectorant. BCDIM ROCKROSE (see Cistus) ROSE ABSOLUTE Rosa damascena Deep, sweet floral with an aroma more true to the flower. Uplifting in times of emotional stress, grief, sadness, and depression. Aphrodisiac, nervine. MP ROSE OTTO Rosa damascena Very complex, sharp floral fragrance (forty rose buds are needed to produce one drop). Harmonizing for all skin types, but specific as a cell regenerator and moisturizer for mature and dry skin. Tonic, soothing, cooling, and an uplifting aphrodisiac. Good choice for babies. High in natural rose waxes that cause the oil to solidify at room temperature. Hold in pocket or hands for a few minutes to help liquefy the oil. Rose water, or hydrosol, is also produced dur- ing the steam distillation of rose otto (try Simplers Therapeutic Rose Hydrosol). BCDIMSP ROSEMARY Rosmarinus officinalis cineole  Fresh, herbaceous odor disinfects respiratory and sinus passages, moves sluggish circula- tion; best added for its clearing, energizing effects to inhalations and massage blends. Combines with eucalyptuses, needle and citrus oils, myrtle, ravintsara, mints. BCDIMS16
  16. 16. ROSEMARY Rosmarinus officinalis verbenon  Crisp, lemon rosemary is surprisingly sedative unlike camphor and cineol chemotypes. Skin regenerative, superb wound healer and mucolytic virtually unequalled in other essential oils. Antiseptic, vulnerary; use in moderation for inhalations. CDIMSSAGE Salvia officinalis  Pungent, warm herbal scent. Strong respiratory antiseptic, air purifier, mucolytic, vulner- ary; provides muscular tone, slows excessive perspiration, nice in foot baths and oily hair preparations. CDIMSSANDALWOOD, AUSTRALIAN Santalum spicatum Sustainably grown and harvested. This species is used similarly to Indian Sandalwood. Warm, woody and musky base scent with a light, spicy top note. A soothing antiseptic with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Helpful for dry, red and flaky skin condi- tions. Use for tension and anxiety or as an aphrodisiac. Blends well with most floral, wood and citrus oils. BCDIMSPSANDALWOOD, INDIAN Santalum album (Endangered, use blue cypress or Australian sandalwood as a replacement.)SPEARMINT Mentha spicata Sweet, minty scent; somewhat milder than peppermint. Use in morning baths to refresh muscles and tingle the senses. Decongestant, stimulant, antidepressant, tonic. BCDIMSPIKENARD Nardostachys jatamansi Deep, refined earthy scent with sweet undertones. True to valerian family, soothes stress and chronic insomnia by easing tensions and promoting sound sleep. Dry, itchy skin and scalp, psoriasis. BCDIMSPSPRUCE, BLACK Picea mariana  Sweet, forest-fresh needle oil. Used as an adrenal tonic in helping the body adapt to stress. BCDIMTARRAGON Artemisia dracunculus   Anise-like herbal aroma. Strong antispasmodic, especially useful for menstrual or abdomi- nal cramps and hiccups. Inhalations may ease allergy symptoms. BCIMTEA TREE Melaleuca alternifolia Penetrating, medicinal odor. Broad spectrum antibacterial with excellent antifungal and antiviral properties. Use directly on burns, abrasions, abscesses, acne or wherever there is sign of infection. May be safely used in gargles, vaginal douches, sitz baths or externally for ear infections.Child-safe. BCDIMSTHUJA/CEDAR LEAF/WHITE CEDAR Thuja occidentalis This oil contains a high level of the toxic ketone thujone. Use in moderation for external use only.  Avoid in pregnancy or epilepsy Can be used for warts by adding 1-3 drops in an  Use in moderation and highly diluted; ounce of carrier oil. S may be a potential skin irritant ! May be photosensitizing 17
  17. 17. THYME, LINALOL Thymus vulgaris linalol   Almost sweet antiseptic aroma. Gentle on the skin yet an effective antibacterial agent. Purifying skin preparations, gargles, chest rubs. BCDIMS THYME, RED Thymus vulgaris thymol   Warm, intense herbal fragrance with stimulating, energizing properties. One of the most anti-infectious of all oils, it is a skin irritant and should be highly diluted. Avoid in high blood pressure. DIM VANILLA CO2 Vanilla planifolia Familiar, rich, sweet fragrance softens all blends. Sensual and aphrodisiac. Premium ex- tract from Madagascar is naturally thick and resinous. Hold in pocket or hands for a few minutes to help liquefy the oil. Combines well with vetiver, spice, resin and citrus oils. BMP VETIVER Vetiveria zizanoides Earthy, deep and exotic aroma with sweet undertones and comforting, sedative effects. Dilute in blends for acne and oily skin; muscular aches. Used as a fixative in perfumery, especially for men’s colognes, it blends well with lavender, rose, jasmine, oakmoss, ylang, citrus and wood oils. BCMSP WINTERGREEN Gaultheria fragrantissima   Fresh, sharp, minty aroma nearly identical with birch. One of the best anti-inflammatories and antispasmodics for overworked muscles, sprains, painful joints and arthritis. Always use in dilution to avoid skin irritation. BCM YARROW Achillea millefolium  Soft, full, cool blue aroma with camphorous notes. Specific for inflamed skin, acne and arthritis. Astringent, antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, vulnerary. BCDIMS YLANG YLANG Cananga odorata Intensely sweet, tropical floral fragrance with an exotic hint of spice. Calming hypotensive and muscle relaxant; aphrodisiac, euphoric, antispasmodic, antidepressant. Used for oily skin care. One drop in a bowl of warm water makes a relaxing facial wash. A good fixative, it blends well with clary sage, jasmine, bergamot, vetiver, rose, citrus, spice and wood oils. BCDIMSP18
  18. 18. SIMPLERS SYMPTOM REFERENCE GUIDE ACNE Simplers Acne Aid, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Niaouli, Tea Tree, Thyme linalol, Rosemary verbenon, Palmarosa, Green Myrtle, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Geranium, Yarrow & Cistus, Simplers Neroli Hydrosol ALLERGY Niaouli, all Chamomiles, Lavender & Tarragon ANTIBACTERIAL Simplers Compound Help, Simplers Acne Aid, Tea Tree, Thyme thymol, Thyme linalol, Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Australian Sandalwood, Palmarosa, all Lavenders, Oregano, Sage & Cistus ANTIDEPRESSANT Melissa (Lemon Balm), Peppermint, Clary Sage, Bergamot, Neroli, Geranium, Ylang, Rose, Jasmine, Marjoram, Anise, all Citrus & all Pines, Simplers Hydrosols ANXIETY Neroli, Vetiver, Rose otto, Lavender, Lemon Verbena, Orange, all Chamomiles, Petitgrain, Mandarin, Spikenard, Melissa, Sweet Marjoram, Simplers Neroli Perfume Oil, Simplers Rose Perfume Oil, Simplers Hydrosols. APHRODISIAC Jasmine, all Rose, Ylang, Neroli, Australian Sandalwood, Vanilla, Vetiver, Clary Sage, all Simplers Perfume Oils ATHLETES FOOT Simplers Yeast Aid, all Lavender, Tea Tree, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Thyme linalol, Clove, Niaouli, Australian Sandalwood, Oregano, & Sage ARTHRITIS/TENDONITIS Simplers Arthritis Aid, Simplers Injury Oil, Wintergreen, Helichrysum, Eucalyptus citriodora, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Lavender, Yarrow & Simplers Arnica Infused Oil BLEMISHES/RASHES Simplers Acne Aid, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Calendula CO2, Lavender, Lemon, Tea Tree, Rose otto, Palmarosa & Helichrysum, Simplers Hydrosols BRUISES Simplers Injury Oil, Helichrysum, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Lavender, Peppermint, Lemon, Simplers Arnica, St. John’s Wort & Calendula Infused Oils CELLULITE Cedar Atlas, Cypress, Grapefruit, Geranium, Juniper, Niaouli, Fennel, Sage, Eucalyptus citriodora, Lemon, Lavender & Lavender Spike CIRCULATION Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Juniper, Ginger, Cinnamon Leaf & Bark, Cypress, Geranium, all Pines, Black Spruce, all Eucalyptus, Peppermint & Basil COLD SORES/HERPES Simplers Herp Aid, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Melissa, Tea Tree, Ravintsara, Geranium, Hyssop officinalis decumbens, Lemon Verbena & Eucalyptus citriodora CONGESTION Simplers Sinus Oil, all Eucalyptus, all Pines, all Firs, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Peppermint, Ravintsara, Tea Tree, Hyssop officinalis decumbens, Green Myrtle, Cistus & Inula CONCENTRATION/MEMORY/ALERTNESS Basil, Peppermint, Rosemary cineole, Cypress, Lemon & Eucalyptus globulus 19
  19. 19. COUGHS Simplers Sinus Oil, Inula, all Eucalyptus, all Pines, Ravintsara, Cypress, Green Myrtle, Sweet Marjoram, Benzoin & Roman Chamomile CUTS/SCRAPES Simplers Compound Help, Lavender, Tea Tree, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Helichrysum & Cistus, Simplers Hydrosols DANDRUFF Tea Tree, Palmarosa, Atlas Cedar, Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Clary Sage, Cypress, Myrrh, Spikenard, Patchouli & Thyme linalol DEODORANT Myrrh, Vetiver, Spikenard, Patchouli, Australian Sandalwood, Simplers Acne Aid ENERGY/FATIGUE Black Spruce (on Kidney area), Atlas Cedar, all Pines, all Eucalyptus, Peppermint, Rosemary cineole, Lemon, Juniper, Hyssop, Basil, Ginger, all Citrus & Tea Tree ECZEMA Simplers Eczema Aid, Simplers Hydrosols. For Dry eczema use Lavender, Palmarosa, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Calendula CO2, Rose Hip Seed & Tamanu Oils. For weeping eczema use Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Lavender, Eucalyptus citriodora, Thyme linalol, Rose Hip Seed & Tamanu Oils FLUID RETENTION/EDEMA all Pines, Tea Tree, all Citrus & Black Spruce FUNGAL INFECTIONS Simplers Yeast Aid, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Tea Tree, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Thyme linalol, Clove, Niaouli, Patchouli, Oregano & Sage. For nail fungus use Thyme thymol, Cinnamon Bark & Oregano HAIR/SCALP Rosemary cineole, Rosemary verbenon, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Bay, Lemongrass, all Chamomiles, Myrrh & Ylang HEADACHE Lavender (normalizing); Lavender Spike (for tension headaches); Rosemary cineole, Peppermint (for cooling effect); Anise, Sweet Marjoram & Roman Chamomile (for throbbing headaches); Simplers Lavender Hydrosol HEMORRHOIDS See Varicose veins INDIGESTION Peppermint, Ginger, Cardamom. To promote good digestion use Basil, Cardamom, Ginger, Coriander, Fennel, Orange, Peppermint, Black Pepper, Rosemary cineol & Anise INSOMNIA Spikenard (apply undiluted on collar bone), Lavender, Lemon Verbena, Roman Chamomile & Neroli INSECT BITES/STINGS Simplers Compound Help, Moroccan Blue Chamomile, German Chamomile, Lavender, Lavender Spike, Niaouli & Tea Tree, Simplers Hydrosols INSECT DETERRENT Tea Tree, Citronella, Palmarosa, All Eucalyptus, All Cedar, Geranium, Lavender, Peppermint, Lemongrass IMMUNE SUPPORT Eucalyptus radiata, Ravintsara, Tea Tree, Lavender, Niaouli, Palmarosa, Geranium, Wild Scotch Pine, Rosemary cineole & Bay Laurel MEDITATION Frankincense, Myrrh, Patchouli, Vetiver, Spikenard & Australian Sandalwood NAUSEA/MOTION SICKNESS Peppermint, Ginger & Patchouli20
  20. 20. MENOPAUSE Clary Sage, Geranium, Frankincense & Lavender, Simplers GeraniumHydrosolMENSTRUAL CRAMPS Anise, Roman Chamomile, Sweet Marjoram, Lavender, Ylang,Lemon Verbena, Clary Sage, Yarrow & MandarinMUSCLE ACHES/SPRAINS/SPORTS INJURIES Simplers Injury Oil, SimplersArthritis Aid, Moroccan Blue Chamomile & German Chamomile for inflammation, RomanChamomile for muscle spasms, Helichrysum, Wintergreen (diluted) topically for pain,all Eucalyptus, Sweet Marjoram, Rosemary cineole, Simplers Arnica, St. John’s Wort &Calendula Infused OilsPMS Rose otto, Clary Sage, Geranium, Bergamot, Neroli, Jasmine, Lavender,Frankincense, Neroli & Ylang, Simplers HydrosolsRASH See BlemishesSCARS/SCAR PREVENTION Simplers Scar & Burn Oil, Simplers Rose RegenerativeOil, Helichrysum, Lavender, Mugwort, Sage, Cistus, Neroli, Galbanum, Carrot Seed,Tamanu & Rose Hip Seed OilsSCIATIC PAIN Lavender, Helichrysum, Simplers St. John’s Wort Infused OilSHINGLES Simplers Shingles Aid, Ravintsara, Geranium, German Chamomile, MoroccanBlue Chamomile & Tamanu OilSKIN CARE Simplers Rose Regenerative Oil, Simplers Acne Aid, Simplers Hydrosols, allChamomiles, Lavender, Neroli, Rose otto, Palmarosa, Australian Sandalwood & Rosemaryverbenon. For Wrinkles and Mature Skin use Rose otto, Lavender, Neroli, Helichrysum,Carrot Seed, Frankincense, Myrrh, Palmarosa, Green Myrtle, Ylang & Rose Hip Seed OilSTRETCH MARKS Preventing: Mandarin & Rose Hip Seed Oil. Healing: Sage, Rosemaryverbenon, Rose otto, Palmarosa & Rose Hip Seed OilSTRESS RELIEF Neroli, Bergamot, Lavender, all Chamomiles, Geranium, Rose otto,Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lemon Verbena, Mandarin, Orange, Vetiver, Balsam Peru, Petitgrain,Clary Sage, Tangerine & Black Spruce, Simplers HydrosolsSUNBURN Simplers Lavender Hydrosol, Simplers Scar & Burn Oil, Lavender, GermanChamomile & Moroccan Blue ChamomileVARICOSE VEINS/HEMORRHOIDS Cypress, Lemon, Moroccan Blue Chamomile,Lavender, Grapefruit, Helichrysum, Juniper, Frankincense, Tamanu & Rose Hip Seed Oils.WARTS Clove, Oregano, Thyme thymol, Blue Cypress & Thuja (use highly diluted, canbe toxic) 21
  21. 21. Blending Basics Creating your own fragrances is a playful art requiring little more than intuition, imagina- tion, a passion for aroma, and attention to a few simple guidelines. There are no real rules as to which oils blend well together, so feel free to experiment! But remember, your blend will be greatly enhanced by using the highest quality pure plant essential oils you can find. Start small, mixing no more than 2 to 5 oils per blend and blending drop by drop. To get a feel for particular combinations of oils, put the bottle caps together and smell them, or use small strips of coffee filter or blotter paper. Working in a warm room will enhance the aro- matic qualities of the oils. If your oil bottles are not equipped with dropper tops, measure oils with a glass dropper, rinsing it in grain alcohol or isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and wiping it off between each oil. Extremely thick oils, such as benzoin and vetiver, may need to be diluted with a little grain alcohol, such as Everclear, before blending. Scents are categorized as top, middle, or base notes. These categories are based on oil evaporation rates and some essential oils can fit into more than one. Most professional fragrance blends are composed of a balance of oils from these three different categories. Again, there are no rules about which oils belong in which category or how much of each to use, so it is up to your nose and your intuition! This is the art of blending fragrant oils. Top notes (5% to 20% of the blend) have the fastest evaporation rates. These are sharp, penetrating scents that you notice first when you smell a blend, and include citrus, needle oils, lemongrass, palmarosa, eucalyptus and mints. In general, top notes are considered stimulating, light, and refreshing. Middle notes (50% to 80%) are soft and balanced and usually make up the majority of a blend. They include oils like roman chamomile, lavender, geranium, coriander, neroli, pepper, clary sage, rose and petitgrain. Middle notes are considered harmonizing. Base notes (5% to 20%) Having the lowest evaporation rates, base notes are deep and heavy and are used in blends as fixatives (see glossary). Many are resins, gums or woods and may be quite viscous (thick). Base notes, which are considered relaxing, include cedar, benzoin, balsam peru, myrrh, spikenard, sandalwood, vanilla, patchouli, vetiver, jasmine and ylang. Allow blends to age a week or more before adding them to carrier oils. If you don’t im- mediately love your creation, be patient. Blends undergo great transformations as they age, and over time your ‘mistake’ could evolve into an aromatic treasure. Store your finished blend in as small a bottle as possible, preferably amber or cobalt blue glass. Blends, and all essential oils, should be kept in a cool place away from direct sun. To make a perfume, mix the blend with a small amount of vegetable oil (jojoba is ideal), distilled grain or grape alcohol. Be sure to keep detailed notes and label all of your blends so you can reproduce your suc- cesses or adjust blends that do not satisfy you. Keep in mind that essential oils tend to vary somewhat from crop to crop, so a reproduced blend may differ slightly from your original.22
  22. 22. Glossary of Terms Adaptogenic: Helps skin and body cope with stress. Analgesic: Reduces or eliminates pain. Anaphrodisiac: Lessens or mellows erotic feelings. Antibacterial: Assists the body in resisting or destroying infectious bacteria. Antidepressant: Helps uplift mood. Antifungal: Assists the body in resisting or destroying fungal organisms, such as yeast. Antineuralgic: Helps soothe nerve pain (neuralgia). Anti-inflammatory: Reduces heat, redness, and swelling associated with inflammation. Antirheumatic: A general term for an agent that helps ease arthritic symptoms, such as musculoskeletal pain and inflammation. Antiseptic: Inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria or fungi. All essential oils show some degree of antiseptic action. Antispasmodic: Eases muscular spasms or cramps. Antiviral: Assists the body in resisting invasion of viruses or relieving accompanying symptoms. Aphrodisiac: Enhances or stimulates erotic feelings. Astringent: Contracts, firms, and strengthens skin and other tissue; reduces secretions. Carminative: Promotes digestion and peristalsis; assists in expulsion of intestinal gas. Couperose: Red, ‘spider-veined’ skin due to weakened or broken capillaries. Emollient: Softens, soothes and protects especially dry or chapped skin. Euphoric: Promotes a sense of well-being. Expectorant: Promotes elimination of excess respiratory mucous. Fixative: A viscous (thick) oil with a very low evaporation rate; used in perfumery to stabilize and increase the ‘staying power’ of a blend. Humectant: Helps skin retain moisture Mucolytic: Helps fluidify (dissolve) mucous. Neat: To apply undiluted, directly on skin Nervine: Having an effect on the nervous system (for example, a sedative or stimulant). Photosensitizing, phototoxic: May cause a skin reaction such as burning, irritation, or pigment change upon exposure to ultra-violet light (sunlight, tanning lights). Regulating: Helps balance and normalize body functions. Sedative: Relaxing, calming, soothing effects. Sensitizing: Capable of producing an irritation or allergic reaction. Stimulant: Invigorating, stimulating, energizing effects. Tonic: Increases tone and vitality of skin, other organs or body systems. Vulnerary: Affects wound healing, skin regenerative. 23
  23. 23. Suggested Reading List Aromatherapy: A Complete Guide to the Healing Art by Kathy Keville and Mindy Green Aromatherapy: An A-Z by Patricia Davis Aromatherapy for Healing the Spirit by Gabriel Mojay Natural Perfumes by Mindy Green Advanced Aromatherapy by Kurt Schnaubelt, Ph. D. Medical Aromatherapy by Kurt Schnaubelt, Ph. D. Aromatherapy and Massage for Mother and Baby by Allison England Naturally Healthy Skin by Stephanie Tourles The Little Book of Aromatherapy by Kathi Keville The Complete Guide To Aromatherapy by Salvatore Battaglia The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils by Julia Lawless The Practice of Aromatherapy by Jean Valnet, MD Gattefossé’s Aromatherapy: The First Book on Aromatherapy by René-Maurice Gattefossé The Art of Aromatherapy: The Healing and Beautifying Properties of the Essential Oils of Flowers and Herbs by Robert B. Tisserand Essence & Alchemy: A Natural History of Perfume by Mandy Aftel Holistic Aromatherapy for Animals: A Comprehensive Guide to the Use of Essential Oils and Hydrosols with Animals by Kristen Leigh Bell24
  24. 24. Notes:
  25. 25. PO Box 2534, Sebastopol, CA 95473 1-800-652-7646 Fax 707-824-5906www.simplers.com office@simplers.com

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