Alves social learning presentation


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Social Learning Theory-College Teaching ED 706

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Alves social learning presentation

  1. 1. Social Learning Theory/Social Cognitive Theory Arlene Alves ED 706 Eastern Nazarene College Mar 19, 2014
  2. 2. Albert Bandura Learning is a cognitive process, takes place in a social context, and occurs through observation Observational Learning – “the ability to acquire new responses as a result of observing the behavior of a model” (Browder, Schoen, & Lentz, 1986)
  3. 3. Social Learning Theory The bobo doll experiment - modeling others behavior His theory was different because it added a social element There are 3 core concepts of the social learning theory (Browder, Schoen, & Lentz, 1986)
  4. 4. 1. Observational Learning: 1. Live model – an actual individual demonstrates a behavior 2. Verbal instruction - descriptions and explanations of a behavior 3. Symbolic – real or fictional character displays behaviors through books, films, tv, online media, (mimic behavior) (Browder, Schoen, & Lentz, 1986)
  5. 5. 3 core concepts of observational learning (cont) 2. Mental states – Intrinsic Reinforcement Internal reward, pride, satisfaction, and a sense of accomplishment Internal thoughts help connect learning theories to cognitive developmental theories = social cognitive theory (Browder, Schoen, & Lentz, 1986)
  6. 6. 3. Learning does not necessarily change a behavior Observational learning demonstrates that people can learn new information without changing their behaviors (Browder, Schoen, & Lentz, 1986)
  7. 7. The Modeling Process Attention - in order to learn one must pay attention Retention – the ability to store information Reproduction – actually perform the behavior observed Motivation – motivated to imitate the behavior (Browder, Schoen, & Lentz, 1986)
  8. 8. Self-efficacy & Self- regulation self-efficacy – belief in one’s own capacity for learning and plays a major role in how goals, tasks, and challenges are approached self-regulation - the learner’s ability to focus on self-determined goals and self-evaluate and regulate behaviors (Browder, Schoen, & Lentz, 1986)
  9. 9. Flaws in the theory It suggests any behavior can be changed Emphasis is placed on what happens to the learner rather than what the learner does with the information Time is an issue in learning, may not be enough time for self-reflection and self-direction Self-efficacy and expected outcome are not necessarily the same as Bandura’s theory believed (Khan, K. H., & Cangemi, J. J., 2001)
  10. 10. Adult Learners in Higher Education Modeling - Adult learners have rich experiences that have influenced their lives and they can share those experiences Learning through a social environment encourages life- long learning Motivation is in the hands of the learner through self- efficacy and self-regulation Using technology creates environments where learning can take place anywhere and anytime (DeWitt, 2003)
  11. 11. References: Bobo doll experiment. Youtube. Retrieved from Browder, D. M., Schoen, S. F., & Lentz, F. E. (1986). Learning through observation. Journal Of Special Education, 20(4), 447. DeWitt, T. (2003). The Application of Social and Adult Learning Theory to Training in Community Pediatrics, Social Justice, and Child Advocacy. PEDIATRICS, 112 (3), 755-757