Management History Arjun


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Management History Arjun

  1. 1. Management - History Presented By :Arjun
  2. 2. Idea of Management : How old is it? <ul><li>Right from people of stone age, tribes, groups… Rules are being followed or rather it is being imposed. Is this management? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pre – Industrial Management. <ul><li>Ancient Egypt – Creation of Pyramids. </li></ul><ul><li>China – Emergence of civil service, uniform and formal policies were imposed on remote territories. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Empire – Law and Orders of Roman empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Nicollo Machiavelli’s book – Italian principalities. </li></ul><ul><li>Art Of War – Sun Tsu, Art of War (Chinese Military). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Renaissance & Reformation <ul><li>Mercantilism – Middle ages (Europe) </li></ul><ul><li>Buy low from one place, sell high at another place. </li></ul><ul><li>This was based only on buying and selling. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Industrial Revolution. <ul><li>1750 – 1870 Machine power replaces man and animal power. </li></ul><ul><li>Why Britain? </li></ul><ul><li>Britain’s social, political & legal conditions were apt for this change. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Management arises in the US.
  7. 7. 19 th Century <ul><li>Frederick Taylor’s Book – Shop Management (1903) </li></ul><ul><li>This is the first scholarly work on management. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Management : </li></ul><ul><li>Triggered of in the 19 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Adam Smith & John Stuart Mill – Provided a theoretical background on resource allocation, production and pricing issues. </li></ul>
  8. 8. In the same time : <ul><li>Eli Whitney, James Watt, and Matthew Boulton developed : </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization </li></ul><ul><li>Quality control procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Cost accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Interchangeability of parts </li></ul><ul><li>Work planning. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Middle of 19 th Century: <ul><li>Worker training, motivation, organizational structure and span of control. </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by Robert Owen, Henry Poor, and M. Laughlin. </li></ul>
  10. 10. End of 19 th Century : <ul><li>Alfred Marshall and Leon Walras introduced the complexity to the theoretical underpinnings of management. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 20 th Century: <ul><li>Ordwat Tead, Walter Scott and J. Mooney applied the principles of psychology to management. </li></ul><ul><li>Elton Mayo, Mary Parker Follett, Chester Barnard, Max Weber, Rensis Likert, and Chris Argyris approached the phenomenon of management from a sociological perspective. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Towards the end of the 20th century, business management came to consist of six separate branches, namely: </li></ul><ul><li>Human resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Operations management or production management </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic management </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing management </li></ul><ul><li>Financial management </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology management </li></ul>
  13. 13. 21 st Century : <ul><li>21 st century, we won’t be able to sub divide management and hence : </li></ul><ul><li>Management is becoming less about command-and-control, and more about facilitation and support of collaborative activity, utilizing principles such as those of human interaction management to deal with the complexities of human interaction. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>