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  1. 1. 1. Are you a leader, born or cultivated or both? How do you characterize your leadership traits based on the leadership profiles presented by Narayana Murthy and Rahul Khosla? In-born Leadership Traits Leadership Style, Inspirational Style, Imagination, Self Invention, Self- Organization Style, Convincing power, Moral Commitments I think the my leadership quality is generated from my inherent characters and the from the learning cultivated throughout my professional and personal life. Cultivated Leadership Elements Proper Behaviour, Setting up goals and purposes, Moral Sensitiveness, People Accountability, Understanding psychological drift of followers, Use of Leadership powers, Teamwork skills, Ethics of change Personal Leadership Traits based on N.Murthy Leadership Profile Rewarding Meritocracy, Honesty and Loyalty, Encouraging Participative style of decision making, Having own clear Vision and Goal, Creating a Unified Goal for Followers and Leading them towards it, Offering value to customers, Unity among diversity Essentially Mr Murthy’s style of leadership is more directed to Social commitment and Reward Oriented. This in-turn helps to groom up raw Talents and motivates them to be focused towards a common goal. Personal Leadership Traits based on R.Khosla Leadership Profile Personally inspired for better performance, Result driven by taking Calculated Risk, Clear Communication with all the levels, Ability to spot talent and groom the individual, cultivating Responsible leadership style Mr Khosla’sstyle of leadershipis Performance driven, Result is the key factor and Grooming Healthy competitive spirit for the well being of the Organization.
  2. 2. 2. Mindful leaders, says Rahul Khosla (ibid), learn constantly and the richness and diversity of their experience enhances their effectiveness progressively. How will you structure and embellish your leadership traits with experience and exposure of the past? Leadership Quality Cultivated through Experience Cultivated through Past Exposure Honesty Imparted through Teachings by Parents, Teachers and proper guidance by Superiors Realized the importance and weightage of this trait by facing situations of ethical dilemma both in personal and professional lives Communication Learnt attributes of responsible behaviourwhile communicating with others during study life; Learnt the technical features of communication through soft skill development studies. Practiced effective way of communication in order to relate my viewswith my office peers and superiors; Self- Learning through Training and feedback from team members and creating a productive work environment depending upon good communication skill. Commitment This is the thing which has driven me in pursuing higher education by dedicating myself completely; Factored by setting up Aims and working towards achieving these goals; Have taken so many leadership roles in professional life to convince the superiors and peers to achieve the unified goal. Self Learnedby leading other peers through examples in various team work situations; Delivered quality responsible work with peak amount of hard-work and the proper focus. Confidence Undertakenchallenging tasks and delivered quality outputin time; Maintained Calmness and Collected thought processing under unfavourable circumstances. As a Leader of planning team, have worked towards quality result with optimistic view and keeping up Team Morale; During tough situations, assured team members that only who work they fail and the important thing is to learning from mistake and tofocus on the larger goal
  3. 3. Ability to Delegate Held various leadership roles and Captained teams thereby indulging in situations of team work where collective efforts were utmost important; Imparted Mutual Trust within Team to inculcate intrinsic strength Under team settings, have understood strengths of team membersand capitalized on them; Work can be handled more efficiently by delegating on strengths, thereby reducing the efforts behind it. Intuition At unknown situation guided the team through guts and calculated risk based on past experiences; Reached out to varioussuperiors or SBU heads to get their input. Inculcated the ability to Trust myself during tough situations; Developed good reflex based decision making through past exposure Ability to Inspire Through Education and past experiences, have learnt different facets of inspiring team members; Honed ability for people accountability and democratic methodology of leadership for collective involvement Have developed the ability to forecast based on past exposures, to share the vision with my team; Developed ability to acknowledge and appreciate quality work delivered by members and reward them Positive Attitude In order to inculcate Positivity into others my own thinking process has to be in the right frame of mind; Have learnt the art of balancing work and social life in order to better deliver my work Learnt to maintain the fine balance between productivity and playfulness while working in team settings; Incorporated positive frame of mind while working within a diverse team environment Creativity Out of Box thinking– on basis of trust on own intuition and abilities, has driven me to nurture my creativity. Decision making under various types tough situations demands critical thinking abilities which has improved to develop my creativity.
  4. 4. 3. What is ethical versus moral versus corporate leadership, and how do you map your life along these three paths? [See Table 9.3]. Dimensions Corporate Leadership Ethical Leadership Moral Leadership Self- Mapping Nature Is Multifaceted involving concept, construct, model, paradigm and Exercises influence in the choice of means and ends Is Multifaceted involving elements of Diversity of Attitudes, Values, Cultures and Exercises Moral influence in the choice of means and ends. Is Multifaceted involving parameters of Religious beliefs, conscience, virtues, andintegrity and Exercises Moral principlesand improves communities of humans. My Basic leadership style belongs to Corporate leadership style. Mainly result driven by utilizing various means. However, at the time of leading team members from diverse communities and nationalities Ethics and Morality also become important dimensions. Entity of Influence The leader follows principles of the corporate he/she represents while making decisions and exerting influences on subordinates. The leader follows Ethical principles while imparting corporate decisions on followers and subordinates. The Leader follows Moral Principles to induce and influence followership based on attitudes, beliefs, intentions and values. My basic leadership style belongs to Moral Principles while taking Decisions or Facing Dilemmas under corporate environment.
  5. 5. Style of Leadership Leadership style involves ways such as Incentive, Rewards, Force, and Promises to influence leader follower relationship. Leadership style involves Impression, Inspiration, Incentives, and Persuasion that must be Ethical in motives. Leadership style involves Organization, Council, Persuasion, and Incentives that must be Moral in Content. My leadership style is generally Inspirational, Reward based and Persuasive. While addressing diversity and variety of thoughts my style incorporates Ethical and Moral values. Scope Of Leadership Employer/ Employees, Suppliers/Distributor Leadership in Ideas, Technology, Innovation and Prosperity. Encompassessco pe such as Local/Global, Supplier/Distribut or. Ethical Leadership however caters to global communities Vs Local, and works for Global Sustainability Encompasses scope such as Families/ Communities of Suppliers and Distributors. Leadership in wisdom, integrity and sharing. My leadership style is essentially Corporate style. It incorporates Corporate Values, Sustainability Principles and Giving back to the community. Prime Motive behind Control of Follower behaviour, popularity, Following Fair Trade Principles, fulfilling rights Following Moral Principle of Trade, The Prime motive behind my leadership
  6. 6. Leadership reputation, wealth, benefits and loyalty. and duties, doing right/just things Inclusive growth of the communities involved style is Sense of following fair principles,Deliv er goodwill for the society and being Ethically balanced. 4. Some twenty five years ago, Robert Greenleaf spoke and wrote about servant leadership. How do you understand, apply and verify it in your life up to now? According to Patterson’s working theory of servant leadership, thedefinition of servant leadership is as follows: Servant leaders are those who serve with a focus on the followers, whereby the followers arethe primary concern and the organizational concerns are peripheral. The servant leaderconstructs are virtues, which are defined as the good moral quality in a person, or the generalquality of goodness, or moral excellence. Dimensions of Servant Leadership Major Philosophy/ Understanding Mapping to my Life and Verifying the Experiences Necessity of Leadership Legitimate absolute power is irrelevant and becomes an Ethical imperative. Leader or Follower is expected to always Listen, Search, Give and Expect. WheneverI have acted as team leader role, in the absence of the assigned authority, the servant leadership style was followed. Focus of Leadership Servant is the first priority and inspired by the desire to Serve. The service must be selfless and involve collective enthusiasm. The nature of relationship is essentially Relational. Sometimes, when I as a team leader found that one of the team member could not attend the responsibilities given, I have volunteered as much as possible without any expectation only except mutual admiration. Characteristic of Leadership Positive, affirmative, inspiring. This kind of leadership is prophetic and driven by inspiration than rationalism. Helps the follower to grow in faith, During performance review meetings or during any project status review meeting, I always highlighted fruitful performances and unique contributions by
  7. 7. hope, self-esteem and most importantly freedom. juniors which in turn gives confidence to them and improves mutual understandings also. Challenges to Leadership The ethical failure persists as long as the world is occupied by the marginalized and the powerless. People are continually exploited and discriminated. Ethical and Moral Challenges lie in followers responding only to those individuals who are chosen as leaders because they have proven worthy. While leading team members belonging to diverse communities, at times I had to assign responsibilities based not on skill sets but on their community background. No rational thought process there, just simply discrimination. Impact of Leadership Significance of this leadership is serving a community having a common journey. The leader sets a vision and directs the team members and the community involved towards achieving the common destiny. Thus, Servant leadership can transform Global capitalism, to serve better the whole of humanity. At the time of taking various management decisions, care is taken such that outcome of the process leaves a positive impact on the immediate community involved. More so, the process is well documented such that in future the process can be enhanced and better utilized for the betterment of the whole community. 5. Leadership is both an art and a science. Delineate the art features of your leadership style as well its science features. What do you see and learn from the past, and how do you plan for effective leadership for the future that is a convex combination of art and science? Leadership Dimensions Learning from Past Experiences Requirements for Implementation Plan for the Future Communication (Art) Involves the psychology reading of the listener and also the expectation of them. Need to understand the BodyDialect as effectivecommunication is built with help of it and also fulfils the expectation of the audience. Persuasiveness (Art) Involves both intra Team and inter team negotiation skills. One has to address and empathize the degrees of demands of both the client Need to understand the varying degrees of priorities involved for negotiating pointer. Understanding such a
  8. 8. and the service provider in equanimity. priority is much of an Art and involves Mind reading, Facial gesture recognition and Body language attributes. Creativity(Art) Under circumstances where traditional solutions become in applicable, thinking out of the box involves creativity. This creativity in turn involves knowledge and relational aspectsacross different domains of technology and ideas. Need to enhance my imagination and objective relational skill sets. As my past experiences has been diverse, relating learning’s from diverse domains and creating solutions for seemingly unsolvable problems is much an Art. Intuition (Science) Past experiences have honed my reflexive decision making ability. Moreover, a mindset is created where probable outcomes are already known within that in turn makes the decision making process more efficient. Need to understand the qualitative and quantitative aspects of decision making processes. This will in turn enhance my intuitive abilities and further my understanding of building effective intuition based on learning from past experiences. Ability to Delegate (Science) Essentially involves understanding of Team dynamics and postulate the strengths and weaknesses of team members. Delegating work based on such factors, makes the whole exercise enjoyable and interesting. Need to better understand and address the diversity among international team settings. Certain cultures and communities have inherent strengths and weaknesses, if known will certainly make the process simpler and efficient. Ability to Inspire (Art + Science) People need to feel that they are involved in the decision making process and end results obtained. Hence accountability of people is also involved. More so, ability to forecast a Common vision for the team certainly inspires them for long term results. Need to understand the deficiencies of the team as a whole. Thus, making the team realize their shortcomings will better prepare them for the shared vision and give them freedom to be creative. Commitment ( Art + Science) It comes from practice and past experiences. However, one can benefit from techniques of meditation and focus. Thus, one is better involved with the work and enjoys it thoroughly. Better understand the nature and scope of work in hand. This will ultimately help in creating a work break down structure and make individual tasks simpler. Thus, enhancing the
  9. 9. commitment towards the final goal. Honesty ( Art + Science) It cannot be taught but can be acquired and inherited. People have varying degrees of honesty and this can be well accessed in team environment. Better understand Team dynamics, so that members with this prominent quality can be suitably rewarded and made as role models for the organization. Confidence ( Art + Science) It encompasses all the leadership qualities mentioned. A befitting leader will have proportionate qualities that in turn will mould into supreme confidence. As I will subsequently fulfil the requirements of all the qualities mentioned above, this will in turn hone my leadership skills. Thus, I will emerge as a Supremely confident individual. 6. According to NitinNohria and RakeshKhurana (2010), leaders create meaning, communicate it effectively, and realize it in themselves and their followers. How will you understand, apply and verify this form of leadership in your life up to now, as well as plan for the future? [See Table 9.5]. Leadership Activity Dimensions Understanding, Application and Verification Based on Experiences Implementation Plan for the Future Creation of a Vision Leaders make Vision based on Big Ideas which are exciting to the people. The whole creative process of vision development consists of stages like observing, reflecting, writing, speaking. A powerful Vision attracts people to join that organization and motivates them to deliver better resulting growth of the business. Better effective communication skills, understanding the demnd of the business and the way to relate it with people. Creation of Mission Successful leaders build strong organization culture by implementing the Vision into Mission Statement which should address the business, product and he stake holders. Clearly understand the Vision and the Values of the organization which will in turn help in formulating effective communication strategy with team members and drive them passionately towards a common End result. An organization has Along with the mentioned
  10. 10. Creation of Objectives Business, Product, Market, Customer and Profitability goals. An effective leader has to prioritize and pursue all these goals based on what the organization demands. goals ,sustainability goals and ecology goalsare also need to be addressed through the implementation plan. Design of the Organization Effective leaders Structure their Organization for better Communication, Productivity and Innovation. As the design evolves most organizations have elements of hierarchy, flexible and organic structures. Better understanding of complexities of various types of organization to learn individual benefits and disadvantages.Apply and track results both in terms of monetary involvement and well being of the community. Design of Organization Process Effective leaders carefully choose Inputs/ Driversfor the organizational processes. These inputs are based on Core Values, Duties and Responsibilities and Design and Development policies of the organization. Hence, a framework of Organizational processes are evolved that involve New Product Development, Quality Control methodologies, Product Expansion and Growth and Creativity and Innovation. Enhance personal skill set for various Organization process methodologies such as MIS, Variance analysis, Company budget, CRM compliance etc. Become Central Planner in order to better guide various departments and Projects within the organization. Organizational Performance Measurement Involves various facets of performance measurement such as Revenue and Growth, Market Share and Capitalization, Return on Quality and Assets, Price/ Earnings Ratio, Order booking, Customer complaint . Effective leader is able to grasp the relevant information and create a yardstick for accessing the Performance of the organization as a whole. Integrate (inter/intra) Customer review and Feedback mechanisms to various functional units of the Business. This will help in maximising the performance by accessing the Gaps and addressing the weaknesses.