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Information technology and its impact on society

Various impacts of informational technology in different spheres of life and society.

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Information technology and its impact on society

  3. 3. What is information technology ? It refers to application of computers and tele- communication equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data such as networking, hardware, software, the INTERNET or the people that work with these technologies.
  4. 4. Definition of IT used in the CYBER WORLD Information technology is the technology used to store, manipulate, distribute or create information. The type of information or data is not important to this definition. The technology is any mechanism capable of processing this data.
  5. 5. What is a society?? Society can be defined as “a community, nation, or broad grouping of people having common traditions, institutions, and collective activities and interests. Society and information technology are rapidly co-evolving, and often in surprising ways . Society and networked information technology are changing one another . Becoming socialized means learning what kinds of behaviour is appropriate in a given social situation. The increasing trend of digitizing and storing our social and intellectual interactions opens the door to new ways of gathering and synthesizing information that was previously disconnected.
  6. 6. How is IT & SOCIETY linked? In the past few decades there has been a revolution in computing and communications, and all indications are that technological progress and use of information technology will continue at a rapid pace. Accompanying and supporting the dramatic increases in the power and use of new information technologies has been the declining cost of communications as a result of both technological improvements and increased competition.
  7. 7. In broad terms , IT includes office automation, multimedia and telecommunications.
  8. 8. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life IT in Education ◦ Driving force in educational reform ◦ Students have many opportunities to learn the basic computer skills to facilitate their learning. Multimedia learning centre (MMLC) in secondary school Classroom with a projector
  9. 9. Approaches to Technology in Education
  10. 10. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life
  11. 11. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life IT at Home ◦ Personal computer
  12. 12. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life  IT at Jobs  Home office Refers to a small computerized office setup at home Self-employed persons can work at home and communicate with others through the Internet. Self-employed person Clients Colleagues
  13. 13. Computers in communication Teleconferencing Data conferencing Audio conferencing Video conferencing Electronic mail Voice mail Fax Example: google talk,skype,gmail,facebook.
  14. 14. Computers in healthcare Storage of patient data & health information Computers in surgical procedures Diagnosis of diseases Computer assisted surgery(CAS) Use of computer technology in diagnostic tests Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Computed tomography
  15. 15. Emergency alarm systems X-Ray machines Sophisticated computers & infrared cameras Hospital-bed beeping systems Communication between medical practitioners and patients, knowledge sharing between doctors
  16. 16. ROLE OF IT IN AGRICULTURE IN INDIA E-governance tools SUGAM Integrated community service centres (ICSC) Agriculture resource information systems & networking (AGRISNET)
  17. 17. IT in AGRICULTURE Techniques to increase agricultural output Remote sensing using satellites Geographical information systems Agronomy and soil sciences IT helps farmers to take informed and quality decisions to improve productivity.
  18. 18. IT IN BUSINESS Collection of technologies, processes and business strategies allows the instant exchange of information within & between organizations. Any type of transactions can be done around the world at any time through Internet .
  19. 19. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life IT in Business Office automation Helps office workers improve working efficiency productivity, data security and communications with others An automated office
  20. 20. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life IT in Business ◦ Intranet A private and small-scale Internet of an organization Helps improve workflow and enables efficient collaboration and communication.
  21. 21. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life IT in Business E-commerce Refers to commercial activities carried out in an electronic network. The Internet is now the most popular way to conduct e-commerce. e-bay, a popular online auction site
  22. 22. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life  IT in Business ◦ E-commerce (We can book tickets online) We can also purchase groceries online
  23. 23. Information Technology and the Information Age  Telecommuting ◦ People working outside office through use of telecommunication
  24. 24. Information Technology and the Information Age  Telecommuting ◦ Advantages of telecommuting Save travelling time Provide flexible working hours Reduce company expense Allow employees work remotely
  25. 25. Information Technology and the Information Age  Telecommuting ◦ Disadvantages of telecommuting Employers concerned about exposing of company confidentials More difficult for employers to monitor work progress
  26. 26. Easy & cost effective telecommunication Speedy and transparent implementation of government’s directive & policies Indian post Passport Seva MCD online E-returns E-courts etc.
  27. 27. IMPROVING TRANSPORT COMMUNICATION GPS Display traffic information Optimize our route accordingly Electronically pay tolls when on HIGHWAYS.
  28. 28. IT IN INDIAN RAILWAYS  For ticketing and ticket cancellation.  Time Table information.  Passenger information.  Site information (information on train route)  ATV machines
  29. 29. DEVELOPMENT OF BANKING SECTOR IN INDIA Increase in new markets & products Commercial banking in India 24*7 working concept Telebanking ATMs Internet banking Mobile banking E-banking
  30. 30. GOVERNMENTS PARTICULARS- IT INITIATIVES Government IT initiatives Aadhaar E- Panchayat National knowledge networks
  31. 31. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life  IT in Governance ◦ Information technology has become an important means of providing government services. ◦ Under the ‘2004 Digital 21 Strategy’, the Hong Kong SAR government has committed to developing e- government.
  32. 32. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life  IT in Governance ◦ Electronic Service Delivery  A web site that provides a wide range of government information and services  The services include, application for government job vacancies payment of government bills making appointments for The use of public services purchasing books
  33. 33. ESD web site Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life  IT in Governance ◦ Electronic Service Delivery
  34. 34. 1.1Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life  IT in Governance ◦ Smart Identity Card  Contains personal data, templates of thumb prints and photograph of card holder  Information stored is encrypted with high security  Uses  Automatic immigration clearance (e-channel)  Value-added information (e.g. library card)
  35. 35. Applications of Information Technology in Our Daily Life  IT in Government ◦ Smart Identity Card Personal data Photograph of card holder Templates of thumb prints stored in embedded chip
  36. 36. E-PANCHAYAT PROJECT Objective To facilitate and improve panchayat functioning on day-to-day basis through two way flow of information & content. To realize various objectives at grassroot level using digital technology.
  37. 37. NATIONAL KNOWLEDGE NETWORK AIM : Facilitating integration of different sectorial networks in the field of research, education health, commerce & governance. Effective distance education in a country wide virtual classroom. Facilitating virtual library to enable sharing of journals ,books and research papers across different institutions.
  38. 38. ADVANTAGES  The creation of new and interesting jobs.  LIKE FOR EXAMPLE- Computer programmers, Systems analyzers, Hardware and Software developers and Web designers are just some of the many new employment opportunities created with the help of IT.  Communication has also become cheaper, quicker, and more efficient. EXAMPLE- . We can now communicate with anyone around the globe by simply text messaging them or sending them an email for an almost instantaneous response.
  39. 39. SKYPE WHAT IS SKYPE? This software has been famous among youngsters that study abroad who wish to communicate with their contemporary and family members from any part of the world.
  40. 40. IT has made it possible for businesses to be open 24 x7 all over the world. This means that a business can be open anytime anywhere, making purchases from different countries easier and more convenient.
  41. 41. It also means that you can have your goods delivered right to your doorstep with having to move a single muscle.  Business Group trading via several websites and catalogues.
  42. 42. DISADVANTAGES  Besides the advantages that IT has, it also comes with many disadvantages. Though information technology has made communication easier and more convenient, it also left a bad site of it. .
  43. 43. . From cell phone signal interceptions to email hacking, people are now worried about their once private information becoming public knowledge.
  44. 44. While information technology may have made the world a global village, it has also contributed to one culture dominating another weaker one. For example it is now argued that US influences how most young teenagers all over the world now act, dress and behave.
  45. 45. While information technology may have streamlined the business process it has also crated job redundancies, downsizing and outsourcing.
  46. 46. . IT has to be carefully manage so that the disadvantages do not overcome he advantages. People have to use Information the right way to make maximum use out of it.
  47. 47. CONCLUSION Pains & pleasures to be addicted to modern technology It would be ungrateful on our part not to recognize how immense the boons are which modern technology has given to mankind. Can we think of living without computers, mobile phones, electricity or modern methods of publishing? We all know the impact of technology in medical science & education system on us. There was a time when diseases such as malaria, influenza & TB were considered to be incurable. But now even some forms of Cancer are curable. All this would not have been possible if it were not for the progress made by medical science. The fact is technology has contributed to significant improvements in other areas like communication, travel, human living, global warming, nuclear stockpiles etc.
  48. 48. The greatest technical inventions are those which have affected the larger mass of people. The Internet, mobile phone, automobile, rail travel, CT scan have made significant difference to people’s lives. Technology has made our life easy, comfortable, simple and luxurious. Technology is supporting human so much that now a person can work from his home. It has helped a lot in uniting people. In fact with the help of internet the world has just turned in to a global village.
  49. 49. Yes, technology & scientific invention has its disadvantages also. A car is a wonderful gift of technology to mankind. But a reckless driver is capable of using it as a weapon of destruction. Television is a mean of instruction & entertaining people but it is often used as a channel false propaganda. Atomic energy provides a number of wonderful uses to mankind. But again, certain destructive minds plan to use atomic energy for destructive purpose.
  50. 50. Television & Computer Technology makes one lazy and obese. We are unable to walk even for a short distance, because we became so used to taking out our car even for a short distance.